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A faction is a coalition of nation states that are allied to each other.

Contents

RulesEdit

A country may only create a new faction if the respective country rule is enabled. At the start of the game the three existing faction leaders   Germany, the   United Kingdom and the   Soviet Union, along with the   United States, have this rule. Other nations gain the capability to form their own factions through their national focus trees. Joining a faction is again limited by country rules. Depending on ideology and national spirits, countries need various amounts of world tension before they can join or ask someone to join a faction.

Faction members share military access with one another and see accurate intelligence in the diplomacy screen of their allies.

Factions rules can amend some country rules such as the ability to justify war goals on other countries of the same ideology or which actions are allowed in peace conferences.

Faction members can choose to leave a faction, but this causes a significant relations modifier faction traitor (-75 relations). A faction member cannot leave while fighting a war on the side of other members. The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects. If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

If a country fights alongside major allies, it will only surrender once all of the majors in the faction have capitulated. For instance if Poland joined the Allies, it will not surrender before the United Kingdom and France capitulate, and will instead continue on as a government-in-exile.

Faction leaderEdit

A faction leader in HOI4 is the leader of a faction. The default faction leaders in-game are the   United Kingdom leading the Allies,   German Reich leading the Axis and the   Soviet Union leading the Comintern. They are usually joined by   Japan leading the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, and   China leading the Chinese United Front.

If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

Diplomatic ActionsEdit

The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects.

Assuming LeadershipEdit

To be able to take over leadership in the faction they are in, a country must:

  • Have more than twice the deployed manpower of the faction leader (subjects count, but at varying strength depending on autonomy)
  • Have more than 150% of the factories of the faction leader
  • Be in every war the faction leader is currently in
  • Not having capitulated already

After paying 200  Political Power, the country can become faction leader, with all the benefits it entails.

AlliesEdit

AxisEdit

The Axis are the main fascist faction, led by Germany.

Start date members
1936 1939 Possible members
  Germany

CominternEdit

The Third Communist International, abbreviated as the Comintern, is the main communist faction, led by the Soviet Union.

Start date members
1936 1939 Possible Members

Chinese United FrontEdit

The Chinese United Front is a smaller faction that may be formed by Nationalist China in order to unite the Chinese against the Japanese invaders. Note that it does not exist in the 1936 start date. The United Front will be formed by   China, which will annex the Warlords states (except Sinkiang) and   People's Republic of China will annex   Shanxi. With   Waking the Tiger, the Chinese United front can be formed by both   China and   Communist China and will not only include those two nations but also the Warlord cliques (  Shanxi,   Xibei San Ma,   Yunnan,   Guangxi Clique and   Sinkiang).


Start date members (Without  Waking the Tiger)
1936 1939
Start date members (With  Waking the Tiger)
1936 1939

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity SphereEdit

The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (formerly known as Daitoa Kyoeiken) is a faction formed by   Japan after following the focuses Purge the Kodoha Faction and Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. It's formed with the objective of creating a Pan-Asian bloc led by Japan.

Starting members
Start date members)
1936 1939 Possible members

Other possible factionsEdit

All countries (except the   British Raj with  Together for Victory) can acquire the ability to create factions through their national focus tree. In general, these have no default name, with the player choosing a name when inviting the first member. Several specific factions, inspired by counterfactual history, do have pre-set names, however, and are listed below.

Novus Imperium RomanumEdit

The Novus Imperium Romanum (a mistranslation of 'New Roman Empire') is a faction that may be formed by   Italy after taking the national focus 'Italy First'.

Possible members

The Berlin-Moscow AxisEdit

Can be created by the German Reich after the National Focus 'Alliance with the USSR', this alliance will be comprised of   Germany and the   Soviet Union.

Possible members

Anti-Soviet PactEdit

If the   Soviet Union attacks a signatory of the Anti-Soviet Pact, Germany can create a faction of the same name.

Possible members


Little EntenteEdit

The Little Entente is a faction that can be formed by   France with the 'Strengthen the Little Entente' National Focus. When this faction is formed, France won't join the Allies. Based on the pre-WW2 alliance with the objective of preventing Hungary rearming and/or a Habsburg restoration in Austria.

Possible members


Stresa FrontEdit

If   France chooses the focus 'Ratify the Stresa Front', they can form the alliance with   Italy and potentially the   United Kingdom.

Possible members


MiędzymorzeEdit

Active with Poland's unique focus tree available through the free DLC with the 'The Between the Seas Concept'. It will be formed by   Poland and can be expanded to include the Baltic states. The faction has bases on the historical idea of the Intermarium, in Polish Międzymorze, a plan created by politician Józef Piłsudski in which the Eastern European countries that broke free from Russian control would create a federation between the Baltic and Black seas. In the game, however, the Międzymorze is only a military alliance.

Possible members

Factions added in Together for VictoryEdit


Northern Sovereignty CoalitionEdit

If   Canada chooses to become independent from the   United Kingdom and become fascist it can either join the Axis or support fascism in   Mexico and create the Northern Sovereignty Coalition. Doing this can give a favorable outcome in a war with the   United States.

Possible members

North-American AllianceEdit

If   Canada remains democratic but becomes independent and leaves the Allies, it can invite the   United States into a new democratic faction called the North-American Alliance.

Possible members

The South-West Pacific InitiativeEdit

An independent, democratic   Australia can invite the   United States into this faction.

Possible members

Western Pacific SphereEdit

An independent, fascist   Australia can invite   Japan (if not in a faction) into this faction.

Possible members

Daitoa KyoeikenEdit

An independent, fascist   New Zealand can invite   Japan (if not in a faction) into this faction.

Possible members

African People's UnionEdit

An independent, communist   South Africa can form this faction. It has no default members and will have only South Africa at the game start, however, they can conquer colonies from   Portugal,   Belgium and the   United Kingdom to create puppets.

Possible members

Factions added in Death or DishonorEdit


Pan-Slavic Worker's CongressEdit

If   Yugoslavia becomes communist, it can invite nearby minors into its faction.

Possible members

Union of Communist SovietsEdit

If   Hungary takes the focus "The Revolutionary Council", they will form this faction.

Possible members

Czech EntenteEdit

An independent, democratic   Czechoslovakia can invite   Romania,   Yugoslavia, and   Hungary into this faction.

Pact of RomeEdit

An independent, fascist   Hungary can invite   Austria and   Italy into this faction. However, it is important to note that   Italy will still be able to form its own faction.

Possible members

Cordon SanitaireEdit

When   Romania chooses the focus of the same name, this faction will form, with   Poland and   Czechoslovakia being invited.

Possible members

Balkan EntenteEdit

If   Romania doesn't accept the Hungarian Rearmament they can create the Balkan Entente with   Czechoslovakia and   Yugoslavia.

Possible members

Balkan PactEdit

  Hungary can create this faction by taking the focus of the same name and later invite   Romania.

Possible members

House BernadotteEdit

If   Hungary takes the focus "Elect a Democratic King" and becomes democratic, they or   Sweden will get the option to form a faction if the other one is at war.

Possible members

Bucharest AccordsEdit

  Romania can create this faction after taking the focus "Align Hungary".

Possible members

Factions added in Waking the TigerEdit


Central European AllianceEdit

If   Germany chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish democratic elections, it will eventually create the Central European Alliance in opposition to the Soviets and eventually offer membership to a number of non-fascist, non-communist countries across Europe.

Anti-Communist BlocEdit

  Germany can take the focus "Tackle the Communist Threat" to create this faction.

Possible members

Central PowersEdit

If   Germany chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish the German monarchy, then it will form this faction and attempt to restore   Austria-Hungary and reestablish monarchy in   Italy.

Asian Communist SolidarityEdit

Can be created by   Japan after going communist.

Possible members

Mutual Assistance BlocEdit

If   Communist China decides to go down the "Agrarian Socialism" route of its focus tree, they will eventually create this faction. Potential members are any communist nation in China, like   Sinkiang.

Possible members

Government of National DefenseEdit

If   Communist China takes the focus "Government of National Defense", they can form this faction with main China.

Possible members

The New InternationalEdit

If after   Japan completes the focus "Join Comintern" the   Soviet Union is not in a faction or not communist, Japan will form this faction.

Possible members

The Old AllianceEdit

If after   Japan completes the focus "Rekindle the Old Alliance" the   United Kingdom is not in a faction or not democratic,   Japan will form this faction and invite the   United Kingdom.

Possible members

The People's FrontEdit

If the   Soviet Union decides to support a warlord,   Communist China doesn't accept defeat and they are separated by another country (typically   Xibei San Ma), that country may support   Communist China and form this faction.

Possible members

West Pacific Treaty OrganizationEdit

If   Japan takes the focus of the same name, they will form this faction.

Possible members

Factions added in Man the GunsEdit


Treaty of Reciprocal AssistanceEdit

If the   United States takes the focus "Hemisphere Defense", they will form this faction and automatically invite all Latin American nations of its ideology into it.

Possible members


Anglo-Italian PactEdit

If the   United Kingdom becomes fascist, they can invite   Italy to this faction.

Possible members

British Communist AlternativeEdit

If the   United Kingdom becomes communist but doesn't align with the Soviet Union, they can form this faction.

Possible members

Commonwealth of NationsEdit

  Canada automatically creates and invites   Australia,  New Zealand and to this faction if the   United Kingdom becomes fascist, communist or non-aligned.

Possible members

The CoalitionEdit

  Canada can create this faction if the   United States becomes fascist and threatens British Columbia. It will invite friendly countries, especially those that are at war with the United States.

Possible members

Coalition of Free Commonwealth StatesEdit

If the   United Kingdom decides to decolonize but is at war alongside its former colonies against a common enemy, then one of its colonies (priority given to   Canada) may create this faction and possibly invite former colonies to it.

Possible members

Hispanic AllianceEdit

If   Mexico becomes fascist under the Gold Shirts, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Possible members


Synarchist PactEdit

If   Mexico becomes fascist under the synarchists, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Possible members


Bolivarian AllianceEdit

If   Mexico becomes communist, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Possible members


4th InternationalEdit

If   Mexico becomes communist and decides to create a new international, they can form this faction.

Possible members

Community of NationsEdit

If   Mexico becomes democratic and decides to take the focus of the same name, they can form this faction with the   United Kingdom if the   United Kingdom is not already in a faction.

Possible members

BeneluxEdit

If the   Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can invite   Belgium and   Luxembourg to this faction.

Possible members

European UnionEdit

If the   Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can invite all democratic nations in Europe to this faction.

Possible members

Factions added in La RésistanceEdit


Latin EntenteEdit

  France can form this alliance with the focus of the same name if they go fascist.

Possible members

Confédération du RhinEdit

  France under Napoleon VI can form an alliance with the German states with the focus 'Disunite Germany'

Possible members

Legitimist AllianceEdit

  France, after restoring the legitimate heir to the throne, can create this alliance with   Carlist Spain if he is also king of them.

Possible members

Anti-Fascist BlocEdit

Orleanist   France can form this alliance with the focus 'Counter-Action'

Possible members

Anti-Fascist CoalitionEdit

Communist   France can form this alliance with the focus of the same name if there is no Democratic or Communist faction in the world, inviting every democratic or communist country bordering them if they are not in factions.

Possible members

Paris AccordsEdit

Communist   France can form this alliance with the focus 'Loyalty to the Cause' and then can spread the revolution around them

Possible members


Latin BlocEdit

  Nationalist Spain can form this alliance with the focus of the same name and invite all latin countries

Possible members

International Bureau of Revolutionary Socialist UnityEdit

Anti-Stalinist   Spain can form this faction with the focus 'Unify the London Bureau'

Possible members


Popular Front BlocEdit

  Portugal under communism can for this alliance with the focus under the same name, inviting every communist county in Europe to the faction.

Possible members


Royal Iberian AllianceEdit

  Portugal after completing the focus of the same name and   Carlist Spain agreeing, you can form this alliance.

Possible members

Generic faction namesEdit

The following names are used by AI countries when creating ad-hoc factions and have no particular historical background:

DemocraticEdit

  • The <continent> Association
  • The <continent> Entente
  • The <faction leader> Concordat
  • The <faction leader> Union
  • <continent> Coalition
  • <continent> Federation

CommunistEdit

  • The <faction leader> Compact
  • <continent> Syndicate
  • The <continent> Combine
  • The <continent> Pact
  • The <faction leader> Bloc

FascistEdit

  • Brotherhood of <continent>
  • <continent> Group
  • The <continent> League
  • The <continent> Confederacy
  • <continent> Confederation

Non-alignedEdit

  • <continent> Defense League
  • The <faction leader> Congress
  • The <continent> Alliance
  • Confederate <continent> Nations
  • The <faction leader> Coalition


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