Countries

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Countries are the acting entities of Hearts of Iron 4. Each is controlled by a player or by AI and pursues its own National Focus tree during a game as well as choosing various political Ideas, engaging in Diplomacy, Construction, Research, Production, and the command of its military Units.

Each country belongs to one of four political Ideologies, which can change over a game, though there are in most cases no ways to increase the Non-Aligned ideology without modding.

Majors and unique focus trees[edit]

Countries in HOI4 are either major countries or minor countries, regardless of changes in size or strength during a game. In a war, once all AI-controlled majors on a side are defeated, that war is over regardless of how many minor countries remain. Major powers refer to ones with the highest number of factories, (within top 7 or 70% of the average of the top 7, or countries at war that fulfilled at least one of these criteria when they entered that war), or the leader of a faction.

The major countries in 1936 are as follows:

Each major has a unique National Focus tree by default. Some minors have unique focus trees unlocked if a certain DLC is owned:

All other minor countries currently use the generic national focus tree.

World Map[edit]

Political map, 1936.
Countries and victory points.
Country Tag Ideology States Research slots Core population (millions) Non-core population (millions) Victory point Building slots Military factory Naval dockyard Civilian factory Total factories Oil Aluminum Rubber Tungsten Steel Chromium Total resources Air base levels Naval base levels Notes
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan AFG Neutrality 2 2 6.27 6 6 1 2 3 4 4
Flag of Albania Albania ALB Neutrality 1 2 1.00 5 4 1 2 3 3 3 6 3 4
Flag of Angola Angola ANG Neutrality 1 2 3.23 0 2 2 1 Releasable by Flag of Portugal Portugal
Flag of Argentina Argentina ARG Neutrality 6 2 11.90 14 23 3 1 12 16 19 46 8 73 6 11
Flag of Republic of Armenia Republic of Armenia ARM Neutrality 2 0 Releasable by Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Australia Australia AST Democracy 11 2 6.53 1.57 104 26 4 2 11 17 36 42 6 84 15 37 Subject of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
Flag of Austria Austria AUS Neutrality 3 3 6.51 50 18 3 9 12 2 2 8 12 9
Flag of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Azerbaijan Democratic Republic AZR Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Belarus Belarus BLR Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and Flag of Poland Poland
Flag of Belgium Belgium BEL Democracy 5 3 8.13 11.46 84 21 6 12 18 12 3 48 63 4 4
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan BHU Neutrality 1 2 0.45 3 4 1 2 3 2 2
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia BOL Neutrality 2 2 2.37 5 7 1 6 7 78 3 81 2
Flag of Botswana Botswana BOT Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Brazil Brazil BRA Neutrality 12 2 40.27 43 41 3 2 18 23 4 30 4 38 14 22
Flag of British Malaya British Malaya MAL Democracy 2 3 3.78 13 7 1 1 16 20 497 246 26 805 6 17 Subject of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
Flag of British Raj British Raj RAJ Neutrality 25 2 327.74 23.13 47 66 2 1 14 17 11 1 33 246 55 56 402 21 29 Subject of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria BUL Neutrality 3 2 6.07 25 16 3 10 13 2 2 5 4
Flag of Republic of Cambodia Republic of Cambodia CAM Neutrality 1 2 5.25 4 0 0 Releasable by Flag of France France
Flag of Chile Chile CHL Democracy 3 2 4.28 11 11 1 9 10 24 24 4 9
Flag of China China CHI Neutrality 22 2 348.30 119 92 10 1 18 29 2 9 35 46 17 26
Flag of Colombia Colombia COL Democracy 3 2 7.99 16 11 1 7 8 20 20 6 6
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica COS Democracy 1 2 0.50 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Flag of Cuba Cuba CUB Democracy 1 2 3.61 6 4 1 3 4 4 126 130 1 4
Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia CZE Democracy 9 3 15.02 37 36 9 16 25 3 2 44 5 54 13
Flag of Denmark Denmark DEN Democracy 5 3 3.86 29 14 2 2 7 11 11 11 8 19
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic DOM Fascism 1 2 1.25 6 4 1 3 4 1 1 1 2
Flag of Dominion of Canada Dominion of Canada CAN Democracy 15 3 10.21 79 35 5 1 13 19 2 31 12 45 14 20 Subject of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
Flag of Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies INS Democracy 8 2 60.81 15 23 1 2 3 37 36 550 0 8 34 Subject of Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of East Germany East Germany DDR Communism 4 0 0 Created by event
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador ECU Democracy 2 2 2.01 6 6 1 4 5 3 3 1 5
Flag of Egypt Egypt EGY Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador ELS Fascism 1 2 1.43 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Flag of Estonia Estonia EST Neutrality 2 3 1.11 6 6 1 3 4 3 3 2 4
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia ETH Neutrality 1 2 10.01 7 4 2 2 4 3 3 1
Flag of Finland Finland FIN Neutrality 8 3 3.67 24 21 3 1 7 11 12 2 14 5 11
Flag of France France FRA Democracy 57 3 41.98 69.21 328 144 6 8 35 49 348 80 38 758 125 1349 108 102
Flag of Republic of Georgia Republic of Georgia GEO Neutrality 2 2.95 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of German Reich German Reich GER Fascism 21 4 65.47 232 154 28 10 32 70 3 139 5 412 5 564 47 33
Flag of Greece Greece GRE Neutrality 7 3 6.26 26 23 4 1 8 13 45 15 25 63 148 10 22
Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique GXC Neutrality 5 2 50.15 19 22 3 6 9 64 70 16 150 6 8
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala GUA Neutrality 1 2 1.77 3 4 1 2 3 6 6 1 2
Flag of Haiti Haiti HAI Democracy 1 2 2.38 5 4 1 2 3 3 3 1 3
Flag of Honduras Honduras HON Democracy 1 2 0.86 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 2
Flag of Hungary Hungary HUN Neutrality 3 3 8.68 26 20 6 10 16 2 160 5 167 9
Flag of Iceland Iceland ICE Democracy 1 3 0.12 1 2 0 0 1 Releasable by Flag of Denmark Denmark
Flag of Independent State of Croatia Independent State of Croatia CRO Fascism 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Flag of Iran Iran PER Neutrality 12 2 12.59 21 22 1 4 5 68 68 3 7
Flag of Iraq Iraq IRQ Neutrality 3 2 3.34 7 8 1 2 3 33 33 4 1
Flag of Ireland Ireland IRE Democracy 3 3 2.96 6 14 1 8 9 2 3 5 3 6
Flag of Israel Israel ISR Democracy 1 2 0.93 2 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Italy Italy ITA Fascism 25 4 41.21 2.49 186 92 19 11 20 50 98 2 97 3 200 72 114
Flag of Japan Japan JAP Fascism 24 4 64.81 33.18 318 92 17 15 26 58 4 7 46 93 88 238 42 91
Flag of Jordan Jordan JOR Democracy 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Kazakh Socialist Republic Kazakh Socialist Republic KAZ Communism 2 0 0 Cheat-only
Flag of Kenya Kenya KEN Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Kingdom of Libya Kingdom of Libya LBA Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Italy Italy
Flag of Korea Korea KOR Democracy 2 21.08 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Japan Japan
Flag of Republic of Laos Republic of Laos LAO Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of France France
Flag of Latvia Latvia LAT Neutrality 2 3 1.90 6 8 1 1 4 6 2 2 3 4
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon LEB Democracy 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of France France
Flag of Liberia Liberia LIB Democracy 1 2 0.75 3 2 1 1 2 7 7 2
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania LIT Neutrality 3 3 2.20 6 10 1 4 5 3 3 4 2
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg LUX Democracy 1 2 0.30 5 4 1 3 4 8 8
Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo MAN Fascism 7 2 34.34 5 16 3 2 5 10 38 48 5 Subject of Flag of Japan Japan
Flag of Mengkukuo Mengkukuo MEN Fascism 2 2 2.04 3 3 1 1 Subject of Flag of Japan Japan
Flag of Mexico Mexico MEX Neutrality 13 2 16.39 14 38 3 8 11 48 10 4 62 9 22
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia MON Communism 1 2 0.77 6 4 1 3 4 2 4 6 1
Flag of Republic of Montenegro Republic of Montenegro MNT Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique MZB Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Portugal Portugal
Flag of Nepal Nepal NEP Neutrality 1 2 5.58 3 4 1 2 3 3 3
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands HOL Democracy 5 3 7.93 0.23 70 23 4 3 11 18 72 7 79 5 19
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand NZL Democracy 3 2 1.45 0.12 17 8 1 4 5 6 6 4 7 Subject of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua NIC Neutrality 1 2 0.68 3 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Flag of Norway Norway NOR Democracy 4 3 2.93 18 14 2 1 6 9 31 20 12 2 65 6 24
Flag of Oman Oman OMA Neutrality 1 2 0.37 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 3
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan PAK Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of British Raj British Raj
Flag of Palestine Palestine PAL Democracy 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Panama Panama PAN Democracy 1 2 0.47 5 4 1 2 3 1 1 1 4
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay PAR Communism 2 2 0.94 5 5 1 3 4 4 2 6 1
Flag of People's Republic of China People's Republic of China PRC Communism 1 2 7.01 3 6 2 4 6 4 4 8
Flag of Peru Peru PRU Fascism 5 2 6.14 6 14 1 8 9 18 3 21 5 5
Flag of Philippines Philippines PHI Democracy 7 2 13.09 23 22 1 5 6 1 1 6 10 Subject of Flag of United States United States
Flag of Poland Poland POL Neutrality 16 3 31.88 54 70 9 1 17 27 5 11 51 67 35 5
Flag of Portugal Portugal POR Neutrality 14 3 6.78 9.04 48 22 2 2 10 14 2 302 304 5 26
Flag of Kingdom of Romania Kingdom of Romania ROM Neutrality 10 3 18.04 36 32 7 2 13 22 70 6 4 80 7 12
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia SAU Neutrality 3 2 2.95 7 3 1 1 2 3 3 11
Flag of Serbia Serbia SER Neutrality 3 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Flag of Shanxi Shanxi SHX Neutrality 3 2 13.69 3 6 2 3 5 0
Flag of Siam Siam SIA Neutrality 2 2 14.47 13 8 1 5 6 62 3 65 3 3
Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang SIK Communism 6 2 4.36 3 6 1 4 5 3 3 6
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia SLO Fascism 2 0 0 Created by event
(1939) Subject of Flag of German Reich German Reich
Flag of South Africa South Africa SAF Democracy 4 2 9.73 25 16 1 9 10 8 170 178 5 8 Subject of Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union SOV Communism 129 3 161.08 413 392 36 6 42 84 194 135 67 544 355 1295 156 53
Flag of Spain Spain SPR Democracy 18 3 24.71 0.96 78 74 7 4 16 27 2 6 70 78 30 45
Flag of Sweden Sweden SWE Democracy 7 3 6.13 40 29 3 3 9 15 3 56 188 35 282 12 25
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland SWI Democracy 2 3 4.06 25 14 4 7 11 53 53 4
Flag of Syria Syria SYR Democracy 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of France France
Flag of Tannu Tuva Tannu Tuva TAN Communism 1 2 0.09 3 2 1 1 2 2 2
Flag of Tibet Tibet TIB Neutrality 3 2 3.72 5 4 1 2 3 2 2
Flag of Turkey Turkey TUR Neutrality 18 3 14.43 46 48 4 1 10 15 15 314 329 16 28
Flag of Republic of Ukraine Republic of Ukraine UKR Neutrality 36.17 5 1 7 13 20 0 0 0 22 98 Releasable by Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and Flag of Poland Poland
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom ENG Democracy 72 4 44.16 75.76 293 132 14 19 33 66 24 107 88 38 375 150 782 105 182
Flag of United States United States USA Democracy 52 4 123.21 1.66 438 255 10 22 128 160 1059 262 191 792 1 2305 118 121
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay URG Democracy 1 2 1.73 5 8 1 1 6 8 2 2 4 1 6
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela VEN Fascism 3 2 3.15 6 11 1 7 8 155 155 2 10
Flag of Republic of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam VIN Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of France France
Flag of West Germany West Germany WGR Democracy 4 0 0 Created by event
Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma XSM Neutrality 7 2 12.37 14 10 1 5 6 1 1
Flag of Yemen Yemen YEM Neutrality 1 2 2.49 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 1
Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia YUG Neutrality 9 3 13.93 28 37 3 1 14 18 124 4 124 252 9 5
Flag of Yunnan Yunnan YUN Neutrality 2 2 12.00 13 5 1 3 4 3 3
Flag of Zaire Zaire COG Neutrality 3 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of Belgium Belgium
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe ZIM Neutrality 2 0 0 Releasable by Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom

Note: A tag is a three-letter code for a country that doesn't vary with localization or with changes in ideology, unlike a name (GER is always the same country, even though it's called the Flag of German Reich German Reich when fascist and Germany Germany when democratic). Console commands require referring to countries by tag, and they're sometimes also used as fan jargon.

Note: Any countries created after the game starts will be given a tag D## (with the ## ascending based on the number of new nations already created).

Further reading[edit]

Countries