Faction

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A faction is a coalition of nation states that are allied to each other.

Contents

Rules[edit]

A country may only create a new faction if the respective country rule is enabled. At the start of the game the three existing faction leaders Flag of Germany Germany, the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, along with the Flag of United States United States, have this rule. Other nations gain the capability to form their own factions through their national focus trees. Joining a faction is again limited by country rules. Depending on ideology and national spirits, countries need various amounts of world tension before they can join or ask someone to join a faction.

Faction members share military access with one another and see accurate intelligence in the diplomacy screen of their allies.

Factions rules can amend some country rules such as the ability to justify war goals on other countries of the same ideology or which actions are allowed in peace conferences.

Faction members can choose to leave a faction, but this causes a significant relations modifier faction traitor (-75 relations). A faction member cannot leave while fighting a war on the side of other members. The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects. If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

If a country fights alongside major allies, it will only surrender once all of the majors in the faction have capitulated. For instance if Poland joined the Allies, it will not surrender before the United Kingdom and France capitulate, and will instead continue on as a government-in-exile.

Faction leader[edit]

A faction leader in HOI4 is the leader of a faction. The default faction leaders in-game are the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom leading the Allies, Flag of German Reich German Reich leading the Axis and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union leading the Comintern. They are usually joined by Flag of Japan Japan leading the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, and Flag of China China leading the Chinese United Front.

If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

Diplomatic Actions[edit]

The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects.

Assuming Leadership[edit]

To be able to take over leadership in the faction they are in, a country must:

  • Have more than twice the deployed manpower of the faction leader (subjects count, but at varying strength depending on autonomy)
  • Have more than 150% of the factories of the faction leader
  • Be in every war the faction leader is currently in
  • Not having capitulated already

After paying 200 Political PowerPolitical Power, the country can become faction leader, with all the benefits it entails.

Allies[edit]

The Allies are the main democratic faction, led by the United Kingdom.

Members
1936 1939 Possible members

Axis[edit]

The Axis are the main fascist faction, led by Germany.

Start date members
1936 1939 Possible members
Flag of Germany Germany

Comintern[edit]

The Third Communist International, abbreviated as the Comintern, is the main communist faction, led by the Soviet Union.

Start date members
1936 1939 Possible Members

Chinese United Front[edit]

The Chinese United Front is a smaller faction that may be formed by Nationalist China in order to unite the Chinese against the Japanese invaders. Note that it does not exist in the 1936 start date. The United Front will be formed by Flag of China China, which will annex the Warlords states (except Sinkiang) and Flag of People's Republic of China People's Republic of China will annex Flag of Shanxi Shanxi. With Waking the Tiger icon.png Waking the Tiger, the Chinese United front can be formed by both Flag of China China and Flag of Communist China Communist China and will not only include those two nations but also the Warlord cliques (Flag of Shanxi Shanxi, Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma, Flag of Yunnan Yunnan, Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique and Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang).


Start date members (Without Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger)
1936 1939
Start date members (With Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger)
1936 1939

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere[edit]

The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (formerly known as Daitoa Kyoeiken) is a faction formed by Flag of Japan Japan after following the focuses Purge the Kodoha Faction and Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. It's formed with the objective of creating a Pan-Asian bloc led by Japan.

Starting members
Start date members)
1936 1939 Possible members

Other possible factions[edit]

All countries (except the Flag of British Raj British Raj with Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) can acquire the ability to create factions through their national focus tree. In general, these have no default name, with the player choosing a name when inviting the first member. Several specific factions, inspired by counterfactual history, do have pre-set names, however, and are listed below.

Novus Imperium Romanum[edit]

The Novus Imperium Romanum (a mistranslation of 'New Roman Empire') is a faction that may be formed by Flag of Italy Italy after taking the national focus 'Italy First'.

Possible members

The Berlin-Moscow Axis[edit]

Can be created by the German Reich after the National Focus 'Alliance with the USSR', this alliance will be comprised of Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.

Possible members

Anti-Soviet Pact[edit]

If the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union attacks a signatory of the Anti-Soviet Pact, Germany can create a faction of the same name.

Possible members


Little Entente[edit]

The Little Entente is a faction that can be formed by Flag of France France with the 'Strengthen the Little Entente' National Focus. When this faction is formed, France won't join the Allies. Based on the pre-WW2 alliance with the objective of preventing Hungary rearming and/or a Habsburg restoration in Austria.

Possible members


Stresa Front[edit]

If Flag of France France chooses the focus 'Ratify the Stresa Front', they can form the alliance with Flag of Italy Italy and potentially the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

Possible members


Międzymorze[edit]

Active with Poland's unique focus tree available through the free DLC with the 'The Between the Seas Concept'. It will be formed by Flag of Poland Poland and can be expanded to include the Baltic states. The faction has bases on the historical idea of the Intermarium, in Polish Międzymorze, a plan created by politician Józef Piłsudski in which the Eastern European countries that broke free from Russian control would create a federation between the Baltic and Black seas. In the game, however, the Międzymorze is only a military alliance.

Possible members

Factions added in Together for Victory[edit]


Northern Sovereignty Coalition[edit]

If Flag of Canada Canada chooses to become independent from the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and become fascist it can either join the Axis or support fascism in Flag of Mexico Mexico and create the Northern Sovereignty Coalition. Doing this can give a favorable outcome in a war with the Flag of United States United States.

Possible members

North-American Alliance[edit]

If Flag of Canada Canada remains democratic but becomes independent and leaves the Allies, it can invite the Flag of United States United States into a new democratic faction called the North-American Alliance.

Possible members

The South-West Pacific Initiative[edit]

An independent, democratic Flag of Australia Australia can invite the Flag of United States United States into this faction.

Possible members

Western Pacific Sphere[edit]

An independent, fascist Flag of Australia Australia can invite Flag of Japan Japan (if not in a faction) into this faction.

Possible members

Daitoa Kyoeiken[edit]

An independent, fascist Flag of New Zealand New Zealand can invite Flag of Japan Japan (if not in a faction) into this faction.

Possible members

African People's Union[edit]

An independent, communist Flag of South Africa South Africa can form this faction. It has no default members and will have only South Africa at the game start, however, they can conquer colonies from Flag of Portugal Portugal, Flag of Belgium Belgium and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom to create puppets.

Possible members

Factions added in Death or Dishonor[edit]


Pan-Slavic Worker's Congress[edit]

If Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia becomes communist, it can invite nearby minors into its faction.

Possible members

Union of Communist Soviets[edit]

If Flag of Hungary Hungary takes the focus "The Revolutionary Council", they will form this faction.

Possible members

Czech Entente[edit]

An independent, democratic Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia can invite Flag of Romania Romania, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, and Flag of Hungary Hungary into this faction.

Pact of Rome[edit]

An independent, fascist Flag of Hungary Hungary can invite Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Italy Italy into this faction. However, it is important to note that Flag of Italy Italy will still be able to form its own faction.

Possible members

Cordon Sanitaire[edit]

When Flag of Romania Romania chooses the focus of the same name, this faction will form, with Flag of Poland Poland and Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia being invited.

Possible members

Balkan Entente[edit]

If Flag of Romania Romania doesn't accept the Hungarian Rearmament they can create the Balkan Entente with Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia and Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia.

Possible members

Balkan Pact[edit]

Flag of Hungary Hungary can create this faction by taking the focus of the same name and later invite Flag of Romania Romania.

Possible members

House Bernadotte[edit]

If Flag of Hungary Hungary takes the focus "Elect a Democratic King" and becomes democratic, they or Flag of Sweden Sweden will get the option to form a faction if the other one is at war.

Possible members

Bucharest Accords[edit]

Flag of Romania Romania can create this faction after taking the focus "Align Hungary".

Possible members

Factions added in Waking the Tiger[edit]


Central European Alliance[edit]

If Flag of Germany Germany chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish democratic elections, it will eventually create the Central European Alliance in opposition to the Soviets and eventually offer membership to a number of non-fascist, non-communist countries across Europe.

Anti-Communist Bloc[edit]

Flag of Germany Germany can take the focus "Tackle the Communist Threat" to create this faction.

Possible members

Central Powers[edit]

If Flag of Germany Germany chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish the German monarchy, then it will form this faction and attempt to restore Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary and reestablish monarchy in Flag of Italy Italy.

Asian Communist Solidarity[edit]

Can be created by Flag of Japan Japan after going communist.

Possible members

Mutual Assistance Bloc[edit]

If Flag of Communist China Communist China decides to go down the "Agrarian Socialism" route of its focus tree, they will eventually create this faction. Potential members are any communist nation in China, like Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang.

Possible members

Government of National Defense[edit]

If Flag of Communist China Communist China takes the focus "Government of National Defense", they can form this faction with main China.

Possible members

The New International[edit]

If after Flag of Japan Japan completes the focus "Join Comintern" the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union is not in a faction or not communist, Japan will form this faction.

Possible members

The Old Alliance[edit]

If after Flag of Japan Japan completes the focus "Rekindle the Old Alliance" the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom is not in a faction or not democratic, Flag of Japan Japan will form this faction and invite the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

Possible members

The People's Front[edit]

If the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union decides to support a warlord, Flag of Communist China Communist China doesn't accept defeat and they are separated by another country (typically Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma), that country may support Flag of Communist China Communist China and form this faction.

Possible members

West Pacific Treaty Organization[edit]

If Flag of Japan Japan takes the focus of the same name, they will form this faction.

Possible members

Factions added in Man the Guns[edit]


Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance[edit]

If the Flag of United States United States takes the focus "Hemisphere Defense", they will form this faction and automatically invite all Latin American nations of its ideology into it.

Possible members


Anglo-Italian Pact[edit]

If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes fascist, they can invite Flag of Italy Italy to this faction.

Possible members

British Communist Alternative[edit]

If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes communist but doesn't align with the Soviet Union, they can form this faction.

Possible members

Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

Flag of Canada Canada automatically creates and invites Flag of Australia Australia and Flag of New Zealand New Zealand to this faction if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes fascist, communist or non-aligned.

Possible members

The Coalition[edit]

Flag of Canada Canada can create this faction if the Flag of United States United States becomes fascist and threatens British Columbia. It will invite friendly countries, especially those that are at war with the United States.

Possible members

Coalition of Free Commonwealth States[edit]

If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom decides to decolonize but is at war alongside its former colonies against a common enemy, then one of its colonies (priority given to Flag of Canada Canada) may create this faction and possibly invite former colonies to it.

Possible members

Hispanic Alliance[edit]

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes fascist under the Gold Shirts, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Possible members


Synarchist Pact[edit]

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes fascist under the synarchists, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Possible members


Bolivarian Alliance[edit]

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes communist, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Possible members


4th International[edit]

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes communist and decides to create a new international, they can form this faction.

Possible members

Community of Nations[edit]

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes democratic and decides to take the focus of the same name, they can form this faction with the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom is not already in a faction.

Possible members

Benelux[edit]

If the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can invite Flag of Belgium Belgium and Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg to this faction.

Possible members

European Union[edit]

If the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can invite all democratic nations in Europe to this faction.

Possible members

Factions added in La Résistance[edit]


Latin Entente[edit]

Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus of the same name if they go fascist.

Possible members

Confédération du Rhin[edit]

Flag of France France under Napoleon VI can form an alliance with the German states with the focus 'Disunite Germany'

Possible members

Legitimist Alliance[edit]

Flag of France France, after restoring the legitimate heir to the throne, can create this alliance with Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain if he is also king of them.

Possible members

Anti-Fascist Bloc[edit]

Orleanist Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus 'Counter-Action'

Possible members

Anti-Fascist Coalition[edit]

Communist Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus of the same name if there is no Democratic or Communist faction in the world, inviting every democratic or communist country bordering them if they are not in factions.

Possible members

Paris Accords[edit]

Communist Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus 'Loyalty to the Cause' and then can spread the revolution around them

Possible members


Latin Bloc[edit]

Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain can form this alliance with the focus of the same name and invite all latin countries

Possible members

International Bureau of Revolutionary Socialist Unity[edit]

Anti-Stalinist Flag of Spain Spain can form this faction with the focus 'Unify the London Bureau'

Possible members


Popular Front Bloc[edit]

Flag of Portugal Portugal under communism can for this alliance with the focus under the same name, inviting every communist county in Europe to the faction.

Possible members


Royal Iberian Alliance[edit]

Flag of Portugal Portugal after completing the focus of the same name and Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain agreeing, you can form this alliance.

Possible members

Generic faction names[edit]

The following names are used by AI countries when creating ad-hoc factions and have no particular historical background:

Democratic[edit]

  • The <continent> Association
  • The <continent> Entente
  • The <faction leader> Concordat
  • The <faction leader> Union
  • <continent> Coalition
  • <continent> Federation

Communist[edit]

  • The <faction leader> Compact
  • <continent> Syndicate
  • The <continent> Combine
  • The <continent> Pact
  • The <faction leader> Bloc

Fascist[edit]

  • Brotherhood of <continent>
  • <continent> Group
  • The <continent> League
  • The <continent> Confederacy
  • <continent> Confederation

Non-aligned[edit]

  • <continent> Defense League
  • The <faction leader> Congress
  • The <continent> Alliance
  • Confederate <continent> Nations
  • The <faction leader> Coalition


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