Faction

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A faction is a coalition of nation states that are allied to each other.

Rules[edit]

A country may only create a new faction if the respective country rule is enabled. At the start of the game only the three existing faction leaders Flag of Germany Germany, the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union have this rule. Other nations gain the capability to form their own factions through their national focus trees. Joining a faction is again limited by country rules. Depending on ideology and national spirits, countries need various amounts of world tension before they can join or ask someone to join a faction.

Faction members share military access with one another and see accurate intelligence in the diplomacy screen of their allies.

Factions rules can amend some country rules such as the ability to justify war goals on other countries of the same ideology or which actions are allowed in peace conferences.

Faction members can choose to leave a faction, but this causes a significant relations modifier faction traitor (-75 relations). A faction member cannot leave while fighting a war on the side of other members. The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects. If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

If a country fights alongside major allies, it will only surrender once all of the majors have surrendered. For instance if Poland joined the Allies, it will not surrender before the United Kingdom and France surrender.

Faction leader[edit]

A faction leader in HOI4 is the leader of a faction. The default faction leaders in-game are the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom leading the Allies, Flag of German Reich German Reich leading the Axis and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union leading the Comintern. They are usually joined by Flag of Japan Japan leading the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, and Flag of China China leading the Chinese United Front.

If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

Diplomatic Actions[edit]

The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects.

Assuming Leadership[edit]

To be able to take over leadership in the faction they are in, a country must:

  • Have more than twice the deployed manpower of the faction leader (subjects count, but at varying strength depending on autonomy)
  • Have more than 150% of the factories of the faction leader
  • Be in every war the faction leader is currently in
  • Not having capitulated already

After paying 200 Political Power political power, the country can become faction leader, with all the benefits it entails. (note: this is a DLC feature)

Allies[edit]

The Allies are the main democratic faction, led by the United Kingdom.

Start date members
1936 1939

Axis[edit]

The Axis are the main fascist faction, led by Germany.

Start date members
1936 1939
Flag of Germany Germany

Comintern[edit]

The Third Communist International, abbreviated as the Comintern, is the main communist faction, led by the Soviet Union.

Start date members
1936 1939

The Chinese United Front[edit]

The Chinese United Front is a smaller faction that may be formed by Nationalist China in order to unite the Chinese against the Japanese invaders. Note that it does not exist in the 1936 start date. The United Front will be formed by Flag of China China, which will annex the Warlords states (except Sinkiang) and Flag of People's Republic of China People's Republic of China will annex Flag of Shanxi Shanxi. With Waking the Tiger icon.png Waking the Tiger, the Chinese United front can be formed by both Flag of China China and Flag of Communist China Communist China (With many different names depending of who forms it) and will not only include those two nations but also the Warlord cliques (Flag of Shanxi Shanxi, Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma, Flag of Yunnan Yunnan, Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique and Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang).


Start date members (Without Waking the Tiger icon.pngWaking the Tiger)
1936 1939
Start date members (With Waking the Tiger icon.png Waking the Tiger)
1936 1939

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere[edit]

The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (formerly known as Daitoa Kyoeiken) is a faction formed by Flag of Japan Japan after following the focus Purge the Kodoha faction and Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. It's formed with the objective of creating a pan-Asian bloc led by Japan.

Starting members
Start date members)
1936 1939

Other possible factions[edit]

All countries (except the Flag of British Raj British Raj with Together for VictoryTogether for Victory, though this may be an oversight) can acquire the ability to create factions through their national focus tree. In general, these have no default name, with the player choosing a name when inviting the first member. Several specific factions, inspired by counterfactual history, do have pre-set names, however, and are listed below.

Novus Imperium Romanum[edit]

The Novus Imperium Romanum (New Roman Empire) is a faction that may be formed by Flag of Italy Italy after taking the National Focus 'Italy First'. Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria will be an initial member.

Possible members

The Berlin-Moscow Axis[edit]

Can be created by the German Reich after the National Focus 'Alliance with the USSR', this alliance will be comprised of Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.

Possible members

Asian Communist Solidarity[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) Can be created by Flag of Japan Japan with the Flag of People's Republic of China People's Republic of China after going communist. Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang is also a potential member if not in a faction yet.

French-Entente Alliance[edit]

The French Entente is a faction that can be formed by Flag of France France with the 'Little Entente' National Focus. When this faction is formed, France won't join the Allies. Based on the real life alliance with the objective of preventing Hungary rearming and/or a Habsburg restoration in Austria.

Possible members

Międzymorze[edit]

Active with Poland's unique focus tree available through the free DLC with the 'Between the seas idea'. It will be formed by Flag of Poland Poland and can be expanded to include the Baltic states. The faction has bases on the historical idea of the Intermarium, in polish Międzymorze, a plan created by politician Józef Piłsudski in which the eastern European countries that broke free from Russian control would create a federation between the Baltic and Black seas. In the game, however, the Międzymorze is only a military alliance.

Possible members

Northern Sovereignty Coalition[edit]

(Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) If Flag of Canada Canada chooses to become independent from the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and become fascist it can either join the Axis or support fascism in Flag of Mexico Mexico and create the Northern Sovereignty Coalition. Doing this can give a favourable outcome in a war with the Flag of United States United States.

North-American Alliance[edit]

(Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) If Flag of Canada Canada remains democratic but becomes independent and leaves the Allies, it can invite the Flag of United States United States into a new democratic faction called the North-American Alliance.

The South-West Pacific Initiative[edit]

(Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) An independent, democratic Flag of Australia Australia can invite the Flag of United States United States into this faction.

Western Pacific Sphere[edit]

(Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) An independent, fascist Flag of Australia Australia can invite Flag of Japan Japan (if not yet in the Axis) into this faction.

African People's Union[edit]

(Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) An independent, communist Flag of South Africa South Africa can form this faction. It has no default members and will have only South Africa at the game start, however, they can conquer colonies from Flag of Portugal Portugal; Flag of Belgium Belgium; Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and create puppets.

Possible members

French Alliance[edit]

If the Little Entente has not been created but Flag of France France backs Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia in the Sudetenland crisis (or Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia in the ahistorical Slovenia crisis), and Britain does not, then France will create a faction called the French Alliance, and invite Czechoslovakia/Yugoslavia.

Domination Française[edit]

If Flag of France France becomes fascist, it can invite Flag of Italy Italy (via the 'Woo Italy' focus) into the 'Domination Française' faction.

Pan-Slavic Worker's Congress[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) If Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia becomes communist, it can invite Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria and Flag of Albania Albania into this faction. It should be noted that Albania isn't a Slavic country, although former communist head of state Enver Hoxha did fear a Yugoslavia annexation.

Czech Entente[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) An independent, democratic Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia can invite Flag of Romania Romania, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, and Flag of Hungary Hungary into this faction.

Pact of Rome[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) An independent, fascist Flag of Hungary Hungary can invite Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Italy Italy into this faction. However, it is important to note that Flag of Italy Italy will still be able to form its own faction.

Central European Alliance[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If Flag of Germany Germany chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish democratic elections, it will eventually create the Central European Alliance in opposition to the Soviets and eventually offer membership to a number of non-fascist, non-communist countries across Europe. Potential members include Flag of Austria Austria, Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Flag of Hungary Hungary, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Flag of Romania Romania, Flag of Netherlands Netherlands, Flag of Belgium Belgium, Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg, Flag of Norway Norway, Flag of Sweden Sweden, Flag of Denmark Denmark, Flag of Estonia Estonia, Flag of Latvia Latvia, Flag of Lithuania Lithuania, Flag of Poland Poland, and Flag of Finland Finland.

Central Powers[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If Flag of Germany Germany chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish the German monarchy, then it will form this faction and attempt to restore Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary and reestablish monarchy in Flag of Italy Italy. The German Empire in this case will very likely attempt to regain its 1914 borders while Austria-Hungary will be going after its old imperial possessions in central Europe (Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Flag of Hungary Hungary and parts of Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia). All other Non-Aligned nations in Europe are eligible candidates for membership.

Mutual Assistance Bloc[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If Flag of Communist China Communist China decides to go down the "Agrarian Socialism" route of its focus tree, they will eventually create this faction. Potential members are any communist nation in China, like Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang.

Cordon Sanitaire[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) When Flag of Romania Romania chooses the focus of the same name, this faction will form, with Flag of Poland Poland being invited.

Anti-Communist Bloc[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) Flag of Germany Germany can take the focus "Tackle the Communist Threat" to create this faction.

Anti-Soviet Pact[edit]

If the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union attacks a signatory of the Anti-Soviet Pact, Germany can create a faction of the same name.

Balkan Entente[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) If Flag of Romania Romania doesn't accept the Hungarian Rearmanent they can create the Balkan Entente with Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia and Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia.

Balkan Pact[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) Flag of Hungary Hungary can create this faction by taking the focus of the same name and later invite Flag of Romania Romania.

Bucharest Accords[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) Flag of Romania Romania can create this faction after taking the focus "Align Hungary" if Flag of Hungary Hungary agrees.

Daitoa Kyoeiken[edit]

(Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) If Flag of New Zealand New Zealand offers to join Flag of Japan Japan, the latter can form this faction with them.

Government of National Defense[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If Flag of Communist China Communist China takes the focus "Government of National Defense", they can form this faction with main China.

House Bernadotte[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) If Flag of Hungary Hungary takes the focus "Elect a Democratic King" and becomes democratic, they or Flag of Sweden Sweden will get the option to form a faction if the other one is at war.

The New International[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If after Flag of Japan Japan completes the focus "Join Comintern" the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union is not in a faction or not communist, Japan will form this faction.

The Old Alliance[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If after Flag of Japan Japan completes the focus "Rekindle the Old Alliance" the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom is not in a faction or not democratic, Flag of Japan Japan will form this faction and invite the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

The People's Front[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union decides to support a warlord, Flag of Communist China Communist China doesn't accept defeat and they are separated by another country (typically Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma), that country may support Flag of Communist China Communist China and form this faction.

Union of Communist Soviets[edit]

(Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor) If Flag of Hungary Hungary takes the focus "The Revolutionary Council", they will form this faction.

West Pacific Treaty Organization[edit]

(Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger) If Flag of Japan Japan takes the focus of the same name, they will form this faction.

Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If the Flag of United States United States takes the focus "Hemisphere Defense", they will form this faction and automatically invite all Latin American nations of its ideology into it.

Anglo-Italian Pact[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes fascist, they can invite Flag of Italy Italy to this faction.

British Communist Alternative[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes communist but doesn't align with the Soviet Union, they can form this faction.

Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) Flag of Canada Canada automatically creates and invites Flag of Australia Australia and Flag of New Zealand New Zealand to this faction if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes fascist, communist or non-aligned.

Hispanic Alliance[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes fascist under the Gold Shirts, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Synarchist Pact[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes fascist under the synarchists, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

Bolivarian Alliance[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes communist, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction.

4th International[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes communist and decides to create a new international, they can form this faction.

Community of Nations[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes democratic and decides to take the focus of the same name, they can form this faction with the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom is not already in a faction.

Benelux[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can invite Flag of Belgium Belgium and Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg to this faction.

European Union[edit]

(Man the GunsMan the Guns) If the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can invite all democratic nations in Europe to this faction.

Generic faction names[edit]

The following names are used by AI countries when creating ad-hoc factions and have no particular historical background:

Democratic[edit]

  • The <continent> Association
  • The <continent> Entente
  • The <faction leader> Concordat
  • The <faction leader> Union
  • <continent> Coalition
  • <continent> Federation

Communist[edit]

  • The <faction leader> Compact
  • <continent> Syndicate
  • The <continent> Combine
  • The <continent> Pact
  • The <faction leader> Bloc

Fascist[edit]

  • Brotherhood of <continent>
  • <continent> Group
  • The <continent> League
  • The <continent> Confederacy
  • <continent> Confederation

Non-aligned[edit]

  • <continent> Defense League
  • The <faction leader> Congress
  • The <continent> Alliance
  • Confederate <continent> Nations
  • The <faction leader> Coalition