Faction

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A faction is a coalition of nation states that are allied to each other.

Rules

A country may only create a new faction if the respective country rule is enabled. At the start of the game the three existing faction leaders Flag of Germany Germany, the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, along with the Flag of United States United States, have this rule. Other nations gain the capability to form their own factions through their national focus trees. Joining a faction is again limited by country rules. Depending on ideology and national spirits, countries need various amounts of world tension before they can join or ask someone to join a faction.

Faction members share military access with one another and see accurate intelligence in the diplomacy screen of their allies.

Factions rules can amend some country rules such as the ability to justify war goals on other countries of the same ideology or which actions are allowed in peace conferences.

Faction members can choose to leave a faction, but this causes a significant relations modifier faction traitor (-75 relations). A faction member cannot leave while fighting a war on the side of other members. The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects. If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

If a country fights alongside major allies, it will only surrender once all of the majors in the faction have capitulated. For instance if Poland joined the Allies, it will not surrender before the United Kingdom and France capitulate, and will instead continue on as a government-in-exile.

Faction leader

A faction leader in HOI4 is the leader of a faction. The default faction leaders in-game are the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom leading the Allies, Flag of German Reich German Reich leading the Axis and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union leading the Comintern. They are usually joined by Flag of Japan Japan leading the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, and Flag of China China leading the Chinese United Front.

If the faction leader ceases to exist, the largest remaining member takes over.

Diplomatic Actions

The faction leader may kick another country out even while at war or disband the faction altogether if it contains no other members than themselves and their subjects.

Assuming Leadership

To be able to take over leadership in the faction they are in, a country must:

  • Have more than twice the deployed manpower of the faction leader (subjects count, but at varying strength depending on autonomy)
  • Have more than 150% of the factories of the faction leader
  • Be in every war the faction leader is currently in
  • Not having capitulated already

After paying 200 Political PowerPolitical Power, the country can become faction leader, with all the benefits it entails.

Allies

The Allies are the main democratic faction, led by the United Kingdom.

Members
1936 1939 Possible members

Axis

The Axis are the main fascist faction, led by Germany.

Start date members
1936 1939 Possible members
Flag of Germany Germany

Comintern

The Third Communist International, abbreviated as the Comintern, is the main communist faction, led by the Soviet Union.

Start date members
1936 1939 Possible Members

Chinese United Front

The Chinese United Front is a smaller faction that may be formed by Nationalist China in order to unite the Chinese against the Japanese invaders. Note that it does not exist in the 1936 start date. The United Front will be formed by Flag of China China, which will annex the Warlords states (except Sinkiang) and Flag of People's Republic of China People's Republic of China will annex Flag of Shanxi Shanxi. With Waking the Tiger icon.png Waking the Tiger, the Chinese United front can be formed by Flag of China China with the focus 'United Front' and the Warlord cliques (Flag of Shanxi Shanxi, Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma, Flag of Yunnan Yunnan, Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang) and Flag of Communist China Communist China all then will join. Without the DLC, the faction is formed via events.


Start date members (Without Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger)
1936 1939
Start date members (With Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger)
1936 1939 Possible Members

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (formerly known as Daitoa Kyoeiken) is a faction formed by Flag of Japan Japan by doing the focus of the same name. It's formed with the objective of creating a Pan-Asian bloc led by Japan.

Starting members
Start date members)
1936 1939 Possible members

Other possible factions

All countries (except the Flag of British Raj British Raj with Together for VictoryTogether for Victory) can acquire the ability to create factions through their national focus tree. In general, these have no default name, with the player choosing a name when inviting the first member. Several specific factions, inspired by counterfactual history, do have pre-set names, however, and are listed below.

Novus Imperium Romanum

The Novus Imperium Romanum (a mistranslation of 'New Roman Empire') is a faction that may be formed by Flag of Italy Italy after taking the national focus 'Italy First'.

Possible members

The Berlin-Moscow Axis

Can be created by the German Reich after the National Focus 'Alliance with the USSR', this alliance will be comprised of Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.

Possible members

Anti-Soviet Pact

If the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union attacks a signatory of the Anti-Soviet Pact, Germany can create a faction of the same name.

Possible members

Little Entente

The Little Entente is a faction that can be formed by Flag of France France with the 'Strengthen the Little Entente' National Focus. When this faction is formed, France won't join the Allies. Based on the pre-WW2 alliance with the objective of preventing Hungary rearming and/or a Habsburg restoration in Austria.

Possible members

Stresa Front

If Flag of France France chooses the focus 'Ratify the Stresa Front', they can form the alliance with Flag of Italy Italy and potentially the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

Possible members

Międzymorze

Active with Poland's unique focus tree available through the free DLC with the 'The Between the Seas Concept' focus. It will be formed by Flag of Poland Poland and can be expanded to include the Baltic states. The faction has bases on the historical idea of the Intermarium, in Polish Międzymorze, a plan created by politician Józef Piłsudski in which the Eastern European countries that broke free from Russian control would create a federation between the Baltic and Black seas. In the game, however, the Międzymorze is only a military alliance.

Possible members

Factions added in Together for Victory


Northern Sovereignty Coalition

If the Flag of Dominion of Canada Dominion of Canada chooses to become independent from the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and become fascist it can either join the Axis or support fascism in Flag of Mexico Mexico and create this faction with the focus 'Skewer the Eagle'. Doing this can give a favorable outcome in a war with the Flag of United States United States.

Possible members

North-American Alliance

If the Flag of Dominion of Canada Dominion of Canada remains democratic but becomes independent and leaves the Allies, it can form this faction with the focus of the same name and invite the Flag of United States United States.

Possible members

The South-West Pacific Initiative

An independent, democratic Flag of Australia Australia can form this faction with the focus of the same name and invite the Flag of United States United States.

Possible members

Western Pacific Sphere

An independent, fascist Flag of Australia Australia can form this faction with the focus 'A Deal With Japan' and invite Flag of Japan Japan (if not in a faction).

Possible members

Daitoa Kyoeiken

An independent, fascist Flag of New Zealand New Zealand can form this faction with the focus 'Befriend Japan' and invite Flag of Japan Japan (if not in a faction).

Possible members

African People's Union

An independent, communist Flag of South Africa South Africa can form this faction with the focus 'Union of the African People'. It has no default members and will have only South Africa at the game start, however, they can conquer colonies from Flag of Portugal Portugal, Flag of Belgium Belgium and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom to create puppets or free faction members.

Possible members

Factions added in Death or Dishonor


Balkan Defence League

If Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia chooses to disunite, they can form this alliance with their former territories with the focus 'Yugoslav Defence League'.

Possible members

Pan-Slavic Worker's Congress

If Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia becomes communist, it can invite fellow Slavic neighbors into this faction with the focus of the same name.

Possible members

Greater Balkan Worker’s Congress

Communist Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia can turn the Pan-Slavic Worker’s Congress into this with the focus 'Pan-Balkan Initiative' and invite all Balkan countries.

Possible members

Union of Communist Soviets

If the Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Hungary takes the focus 'The Revolutionary Council', they will form this faction.

Possible members

Czech Entente

An independent, democratic Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia can form this faction with the focus 'An Entente of Our Own' and invite Flag of Romania Romania, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, and Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Hungary.

Pact of Rome

An independent, fascist Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Hungary can invite Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Italy Italy into this faction with the focus 'Alliance with Italy'. However, it is important to note that Flag of Italy Italy will still be able to form its own faction.

Possible members

Cordon Sanitaire

When Flag of Romania Romania chooses the focus of the same name, this faction will form, with Flag of Poland Poland and Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia being invited.

Possible members

Balkan Entente

If Flag of Romania Romania doesn't accept the Hungarian Rearmament they can create the Balkan Entente with Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia and Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia.

Possible members

Balkan Pact

The Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Hungary can create this faction by taking the focus of the same name and later invite Flag of Romania Romania.

Possible members

House Bernadotte

If Flag of Hungary Hungary takes the focus 'Elect a Democratic King' and becomes democratic, they or Flag of Sweden Sweden will get the option to form a faction if the other one is at war.

Possible members

Bucharest Accords

Flag of Romania Romania can create this faction after taking the focus 'Align Hungary' if they refuse submission.

Possible members

Factions added in Waking the Tiger


Central European Alliance

If the Flag of German Reich German Reich chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish democratic elections, it will eventually create the Central European Alliance with the focus of the same name in opposition to the Soviets and eventually offer membership to a number of non-fascist, non-communist countries across Europe.

Anti-Communist Bloc

If the Flag of German Reich German Reich opts to overthrow Hitler and restore the Kaiserreich, but does not form the Central Powers or leaves the Allies, they can take the focus 'Tackle the Communist Threat' to create this faction.

Possible members

Central Powers

If the Flag of German Reich German Reich chooses to oppose Hitler and reestablish the German monarchy, then it can form this faction with the focus of the same name, invite Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria, attempt to restore Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary and reestablish monarchy in Flag of Italy Italy. If Flag of Turkey Turkey goes down the democratic path of its focus tree then restores the Flag of Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire, Flag of Germany Germany has not formed this faction and the Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Hungary has formed Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary, then the Flag of Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire will form this faction and invite Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary.

Asian Communist Solidarity

Can be created by Flag of Japan Japan with the focus of the same name.

Possible members

Mutual Assistance Bloc

If Flag of Communist China Communist China decides to complete the focus 'Marxism With Chinese Characteristics',they will create this faction. Potential members are any communist nation in China, like Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang.

Possible members

Government of National Defense

If Flag of Communist China Communist China takes the focus 'Government of National Defense', they can form this faction with main China.

Possible members

The New International

If after Flag of Japan Japan completes the focus 'Join Comintern' the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union is not in a faction or not communist, Japan will form this faction.

Possible members

The Old Alliance

If after Flag of Japan Japan completes the focus 'Rekindle the Old Alliance' the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom is not in a faction or not democratic, Flag of Japan Japan will form this faction and invite the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

Possible members

The People's Front

If the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union decides to support a warlord, and Flag of Communist China Communist China doesn't accept defeat and they are separated by another country (typically Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma), that country may support Flag of Communist China Communist China and form this faction.

Possible members

West Pacific Treaty Organization

If Flag of Japan Japan takes the focus of the same name, they will form this faction.

Possible members

Factions added in Man the Guns


Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance

If the Flag of United States United States takes the focus 'Hemisphere Defense', they will form this faction and automatically invite all Latin American nations of its ideology into it. Note that the nations invited will differ depending on what ideology the US is at the time it completes the focus.

The faction itself is likely based on the real life Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, a treaty which was signed after World War 2. Unlike the real life treaty, which merely invited countries based on their locations, the in-game faction will only invite Latin American countries of the same ideology as the US, meaning that Flag of Venezuela Venezuela, Flag of Argentina Argentina, Flag of Paraguay Paraguay, Flag of Brazil Brazil, Flag of Peru Peru, and the Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic will not be invited if a Democratic US was to form the faction, despite having signed the treaty in the first year (although should a Fascist or Communist US be the one to form the faction, the countries belonging to those ideologies would be invited instead).

Possible members

Anglo-Italian Pact

If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes fascist, they can invite Flag of Italy Italy to this faction with the focus 'Secure the Italian Alliance' if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom isn’t already in an alliance.

Possible members

British Communist Alternative

If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes communist but doesn't align with the Soviet Union, they can form this faction with the focus of the same name.

Possible members

Commonwealth of Nations

Flag of Canada Canada automatically creates and invites Flag of Australia Australia,Flag of New Zealand New Zealand, and Flag of South Africa South Africa to this faction if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom becomes Fascist, Communist or Non-aligned.

Possible members

The Coalition

Flag of Canada Canada can create this faction if the Flag of United States United States becomes fascist and threatens British Columbia. It will invite friendly countries, especially those that are at war with the United States.

Possible members

Coalition of Free Commonwealth States

If the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom decides to decolonize but is at war alongside its former colonies against a common enemy, then one of its colonies (priority given to Flag of Canada Canada) may create this faction and possibly invite former colonies to it.

Possible members

Hispanic Alliance

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes fascist under the Gold Shirts, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction with the focus under the same name.

Possible members

Bolivarian Alliance

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes communist, it can invite Latin American countries to this faction with the focus of the same name.

Possible members

4th International

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes communist and take the focus 'Smash the Bureaucrats', they can form this faction.

Possible members

Community of Nations

If Flag of Mexico Mexico becomes democratic and decides to take the focus of the same name, they can form this faction with the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom if the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom is not already in a faction.

Possible members

Benelux

If the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can form this alliance with the focus 'Form the Benelux' and invite Flag of Belgium Belgium and Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg to this faction.

Possible members

European Union

If the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands chooses to become democratic but doesn't align with Britain, it can form this faction with the focus 'Foundations for a European Union' and invite all democratic nations in Europe to this faction.

Possible members

Factions added in La Résistance


Latin Entente

Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus of the same name if they go fascist.

Possible members

Confédération du Rhin

Flag of France France under Napoleon VI can form an alliance with the German states with the focus 'Disunite Germany'

Possible members

Legitimist Alliance

Flag of France France, after restoring the legitimate heir to the throne, can create this alliance with Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain if he is also king of them.

Possible members

Anti-Fascist Bloc

Orleanist Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus 'No Further Humiliations'

Possible members

Anti-Fascist Coalition

Communist Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus of the same name if there is no Democratic or Communist faction in the world, inviting every democratic or communist country bordering them if they are not in factions.

Possible members

Paris Accords

Communist Flag of France France can form this alliance with the focus 'Loyalty to the Cause' and then can spread the revolution around them

Possible members

Latin Bloc

Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain can form this alliance with the focus of the same name and invite all Latin countries.

Possible members

International Bureau of Revolutionary Socialist Unity

Anti-Stalinist Flag of Spain Spain can form this faction with the focus 'Unify the London Bureau'

Possible members

Popular Front Bloc

Flag of Portugal Portugal under communism can for this alliance with the focus under the same name, inviting every communist county in Europe to the faction.

Possible members

Royal Iberian Alliance

Flag of Portugal Portugal after completing the focus of the same name and Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain agreeing, you can form this alliance.

Possible members

Factions added in Battle for the Bosporus


Corfu Cooperative

A communist Flag of Greece Greece can form this faction by completing the focus 'Ally Tito', triggering a civil war in Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia.

Possible members

Argos Alliance

Monarchist Flag of Greece Greece will form this alliance with Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary if the Flag of German Reich German Reich hasn't restore the Kaiserreich.

Possible members

Balkan Federation of Socialist Republics

Communist Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria can form this alliance with the focus with the same name as a precursor to the Flag of United Balkan Federation United Balkan Federation.

Possible members

League of Balkan Confederacies

Democratic Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria can form this alliance with the focus 'A Balkan Confederation' as a precursor to the Flag of United Balkan Federation United Balkan Federation.

Possible members

Greater Bulgarian Federation

Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria can form this alliance with the focus 'The Fate of the Balkans'.

Possible members

Saadabad Concordat

The Flag of Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire can form this alliance with the focus 'Expand the Saadabad Pact'.

Possible members

Anti-Bolshevik Accord

Flag of Turkey Turkey can form this alliance through the focus 'The Anti-Bolshevik Mediterranean Bloc'. Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spain joins if not in the Comintern already.

Possible members

Covenant of the Mediterranean

Flag of Turkey Turkey can form this alliance with the focus 'The Mediterranean Entente'.

Possible members

Balkan Entente

Flag of Turkey Turkey can form this alliance with the focus 'Reform the Balkan Pact'.

Possible members

Generic faction names

The following names are used by AI countries when creating ad-hoc factions and have no particular historical background:

Democratic

  • The <continent> Association
  • The <continent> Entente
  • The <faction leader> Concordat
  • The <faction leader> Union
  • <continent> Coalition
  • <continent> Federation

Communist

  • The <faction leader> Compact
  • <continent> Syndicate
  • The <continent> Combine
  • The <continent> Pact
  • The <faction leader> Bloc

Fascist

  • Brotherhood of <continent>
  • <continent> Group
  • The <continent> League
  • The <continent> Confederacy
  • <continent> Confederation

Non-aligned

  • <continent> Defense League
  • The <faction leader> Congress
  • The <continent> Alliance
  • Confederate <continent> Nations
  • The <faction leader> Coalition


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