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Greece
Greece.png
Capital:
Athens

Government Type:
Authoritarian, Despotic

Faction:
Neutral neutrality

Greece is a minor European country located in the southern Balkans. Placed at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, Greece holds a strategic location that every alliance would benefit from controling. It has a long coastline and a mainly mountainous terrain. In game, the nation is more or less comparable in military strength, infrastructure and technology to the Balkan nations, but greatly below from the standards of the major European powers.

Contents

Historical BackgroundEdit

The Kingdom of Greece under the 4th of August regime led by Ionnis Metaxas would see Italian expansionism creep to its borders in the form of   Italy's annexation of   Albania in 1939. Mussolini, envisioning an Italian puppet in Greece, sent Metaxas an ultimatum in late 1940, which called for Italian troops to occupy unspecified strategic positions in Greece. Metaxas is popularly reputed to reply with one word: "No." However, historical consensus states that he most likely said "Then, it's war."

Italian troops invaded Greece via Albania in October of 1940, but by November unexpectedly stiff resistance from the Greek Army turned the invasion into a humiliating disaster. In late November, the Greeks counterattacked, pushing the Italians back into Albania. Greek forces soon invaded Albania in December, but would later withdraw back to the Greek border by January 1941 due to dangerously low supplies. The front would largely remain unchanged, save for another failed Italian offensive in March 1941. Greece would ultimately fall when   Germany, fearful substantial   United Kingdom intervention in the conflict, launched its own invasion from   Bulgaria on 6 April, 1941. German troops easily breached the undermanned Metaxas Line defending the Bulgarian border, and Axis forces poured into the country. By 27 April, Athens had fallen, and by the end of the month the entire Greek mainland was captured. Crete fell a week later.

From 1941 to 1944, Greece would be occupied mainly by German forces, constantly under harassment by the Greek Resistance, one of the most successful resistance movements of the war. In October 1944, German troops finally withdrew from the country as the   Soviet Union invaded the Balkans, in an effort to avoid being cut off. By the end of the war, Greece was devastated. Most of its infrastructure, as well as 8% of its 7 million people had died. Famine was a possibility, and the Greek Jewish population was almost totally annihilated. A civil war erupted in 1946 between the Communists and monarchists, resulting in a monarchist victory in 1949.

EventsEdit

Main article: Greek events

PoliticsEdit

IdeologyEdit

Greece starts 1936 as a non-aligned country with no elections to be held. The ruling party is the authoritarian 'Kómma Ton Eleutherofrónon' Party, led by Ioánnis Metaxás.

National SpiritsEdit

Greece starts with no National Spirits.

Political partiesEdit

Political parties, 1936
Id. Party name Popularity Leader Ruling
  Laïkòn Kómma 10.00% Konstantinos Tsaldaris  
  Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas 2.00% Markos Vafiadis  
  Ethniki Enosis Ellados 23.00% Georgios Kosmidis  
  Kathestós Metaxá 65.00% Ioannis Metaxas  
Id. Party name Popularity Leader Ruling
Political parties, 1939
  Laïkòn Kómma 10.00% Konstantinos Tsaldaris  
  Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas 2.00% Markos Vafiadis  
  Ethniki Enosis Ellados 23.00% Georgios Kosmidis  
  Kathestós Metaxá 65.00% Ioannis Metaxas  

DiplomacyEdit

Greece has a claim on Turkish owned eastern Thrace and a core on Italian held Dodecanese. Bulgaria on its part has claims οn Greek-owned Western Thrace and Central Macedonia. As a result, relations with these three countries are negative.

Greece isn't a member of any alliance, although the A.I. leans to join the Allies when Italy launches an invasion against them with the "War with Greece" focus.

EconomyEdit

LawsEdit

Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
  Limited Conscription
  • 2.5% Recruitable population
  Civilian Economy
  • 35% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
  • -40% Fuel Gain per Oil
  • -25% Fuel Capacity
  Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • +5% Research speed
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed

ResourcesEdit

  Oil   Rubber   Steel   Aluminum   Tungsten   Chromium
0(0) 0(0) 24(12) 58(29) 20(10) 68(34)

The numbers in parentheses represent the available resources. Depending on trade law, a certain amount of the originally extracted resources is traded away.

For its small size and limited industry Greece has an access to substantial resources. Its steel,aluminum and tungsten mines will ensure that early arms production demands are met, as well as capital ships and advanced tanks in late game. In early game Greece exports many resources to several non-aligned countries around the world, like Argentina or China, and therefore gains some precious civilian factories. At start there are only 10 convoys available.

IndustryEdit

4  Military Factories 1  Naval Dockyard 8  Civilian Factories

By 1936 the Greek industry is rather small and not very capable to meet excesive military demands. This lack is one of the first things the player must handle. There are only 10 empty building slots.

National FocusEdit

Greece is not a major country and therefore shares the common generic focus tree which covers five areas: Army, Aviation, Navy, Industry, and Politics.

MilitaryEdit

Greece is a small state and so its starting military isn't anything special. The army is smaller than its neighbors’   Turkey and   Yugoslavia, and only a fraction of the armies of the major powers. Furthermore, the country's extensive coastline, borders and, more importantly, the proximity of two major powers could force the army to stretch its lines thin. The navy is technologically outdated but larger than the Turkish and Yugoslavian counterpart. Nevertheless, it's hopelessly small against the Italian Regia Marina or the British Mediterranean Fleet, both potential enemies. The country also completely lacks aircraft which leaves it exposed to enemy air superiority and strategic bombings. The greek population is just 6.28 M and the manpower reserves by 1936 are merely 28.000.

On Greece's advantage, its terrain is mountainous and ideal for defence. Minor forts in the mountainous borders would prove very valuable and give invading armies a hard time, especially to enemy armor. Its a great choice for an outnumbered player on the defensive.


ArmyEdit

1936 state:

9 Infantry Divisions 3   Mountain Divisions 1 Cavalry Division

Total: 13 divisions |   Manpower Used: 123.5 K

Twelve of these divisions are located in the Greek mainland and one in the island of Crete. The infantry divisions are relatively large in size, with 9 infantry battalions each, while the mountain divisons have 12. The army at 1936 suffers nonetheless of a shortage of 6 K infantry equipment.

Alternative Division Names:

  • Infantry Division: Merarchia Pezikou
  • Cavalry: Merarchia Ippikou
  • Mountaineers:Oreini Merarchia Pezikou
  • Marines: Merarchia Pezonafton
  • Airborne/Parachute Division: Aerometaferomeini Merachia
  • Motorized: Mechanopoiemeni Merarchia Pezikou
  • Mechanized: Mechanokineti Merarchia Pezikou
  • Armored Division: Tethorakismeni Merarchia
  • National Guard Brigade: Taxiarchia Ethnofrouras

NavyEdit

1936 state:

Capital ships 1936
 
1 Heavy Cruiser
Screens and Submarines 1936
 
1 Light Cruiser
 
8 Destroyers
 
6 Submarines
Ship classes of the Royal Navy
Type Class Amount In Production Tech
CA Averouf Class 1 Heavy Cruiser I
CL Elli Class 1 Light Cruiser I
DD Hydra Class 4 Destroyer I* (All +2 stats)
DD Aetos Class 4 Destroyer I
SS Katsonis Class 6 Submarine I
* marks a variant with increased base stats to symbolize ships that are not modern enough to warrant a full 1936 tech level but too modern to fit into the1922 tech level.

Total: 16 Vessels

  Manpower used: 5.3 K

The Royal War Navy (Vasilikó Polemikó Naftikó) is a small force of only limited use. Though by 1936 is the largest of the Balkan nations, the Greek navy is dwarved by the unmatched maritime strength of   Italy and the   United Kingdom.

Air ForceEdit

1936 state:

No   Planes

Manpower used:0

Strategies and guidesEdit

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AchievementsEdit