Greece

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Greece
Greece.png
Capital:
Athens

Government type:
Authoritarian, Despotic

Faction:
Neutral neutrality

Greece is a minor European country located in the southern Balkans. Placed at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, Greece holds a strategic location that every alliance would benefit from controlling. It has a long coastline and mainly mountainous terrain. In game, the nation is more or less comparable in military strength, infrastructure and technology to the Balkan nations, but greatly below from the standards of the major European powers.

Historical Background[edit]

The Kingdom of Greece under the 4th of August regime led by Ioannis Metaxas would see Italian expansionism creep to its borders in the form of Flag of Italy Italy's annexation of Flag of Albania Albania in 1939. Mussolini, envisioning an Italian puppet in Greece, sent Metaxas an ultimatum in late 1940, which called for Italian troops to occupy unspecified strategic positions in Greece. Metaxas is popularly reputed to reply with one word: "No." However, historical consensus states that he most likely said "Then, it's war."

Italian troops invaded Greece via Albania in October of 1940, but by November unexpectedly stiff resistance from the Greek Army turned the invasion into a humiliating disaster. In late November, the Greeks counterattacked, pushing the Italians back into Albania. Greek forces soon invaded Albania in December, but would later stop advancing and hold positions at key defending positions by January 1941 due to dangerously low supplies. The front would largely remain unchanged, save for another failed Italian offensive in March 1941. Greece would ultimately fall when Flag of Germany Germany, fearful substantial Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom intervention in the conflict, launched its own invasion from Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria on 6 April, 1941. German troops after three days of fight encountered fierce resistance and had little success breaching the undermanned Metaxas Line defending the Bulgarian border. Finally,German forces bypassed the Metaxas fortifications and crossed the Yugoslavian borders, overcame Yugoslav and Greek resistance and captured Thessaloniki on the 9th of April. The capture of Thessaloniki forced the defenders to surrender on the 10th of April and the Metaxas Line battle was over. Axis forces poured into the country. By 27 April, Athens had fallen, and by the end of the month the entire Greek mainland was captured. Crete fell a week later.

From 1941 to 1944, Greece would be occupied mainly by German forces, constantly under harassment by the Greek Resistance, one of the most successful resistance movements of the war. In October 1944, German troops finally withdrew from the country as the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union invaded the Balkans, in an effort to avoid being cut off. By the end of the war, Greece was devastated. Most of its infrastructure, as well as 8% of its 7 million people had died. Famine was a possibility, and the Greek Jewish population was almost totally annihilated. A civil war erupted in 1946 between the Communists and monarchists, resulting in a monarchist victory in 1949.

Events[edit]

Main article: Greek events

Politics[edit]

Ideology[edit]

Greece starts 1936 as a non-aligned country with the next election to be held in June 1936. Elections are held annually. The ruling party is the authoritarian Kathestós Metaxá Party, led by Ioánnis Metaxás.

National Spirits[edit]

Greece starts with no National Spirits.

Political parties[edit]

Political parties, 1936
Id. Party name Popularity Leader Ruling
Democratic Laïkòn Kómma 10.00% Konstantinos Tsaldaris No
Communist Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas 2.00% Markos Vafiadis No
Fascist Ethniki Enosis Ellados 23.00% Georgios Kosmidis No
Non-Aligned Kathestós Metaxá 65.00% Ioannis Metaxas Yes
Id. Party name Popularity Leader Ruling
Political parties, 1939
Democratic Laïkòn Kómma 10.00% Konstantinos Tsaldaris No
Communist Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas 2.00% Markos Vafiadis No
Fascist Ethniki Enosis Ellados 23.00% Georgios Kosmidis No
Non-Aligned Kathestós Metaxá 65.00% Ioannis Metaxas Yes

Diplomacy[edit]

Greece has a claim on the Flag of Turkey Turkish state of Istanbul and a core on Flag of Italy Italian held Dodecanese. Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria on its part has claims οn Greek-owned Thrace and Central Macedonia. As a result, relations with these three countries are negative.

Greece isn't a member of any alliance, although it begins the game guaranteed by Flag of Romania Romania. The A.I. tends to join the Allies when Italy launches an invasion against them with the "War with Greece" focus.

Economy[edit]

Laws[edit]

Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Limited Conscription.png Limited Conscription
  • 2.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 35% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
  • -40% Fuel Gain per Oil
  • -25% Fuel Capacity
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • +5% Research speed
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed
  • +20% Civilian intelligence to others
  • +10% Navy intelligence to others

Resources[edit]

Oil.png Oil Rubber.png Rubber Steel.png Steel Aluminum.png Aluminum Tungsten.png Tungsten Chromium.png Chromium
0 0 24 45 15 63


For its small size and limited industry Greece has an access to substantial resources. Its steel, aluminum and tungsten mines will ensure that early arms production demands are met, as well as capital ships and advanced tanks in late game. In the early game Greece exports many resources to several non-aligned countries around the world, like Argentina or China, and therefore gains some precious civilian factories. At game start Greece has only 10 convoys available.

Industry[edit]

4 Military factoryMilitary Factories 1 Naval dockyardNaval Dockyard 8 Civilian factoryCivilian Factories

By 1936 the Greek industry is rather small and is not capable of meeting excessive military demands. This lack of factories is one of the first things the player must handle. There are only 10 empty building slots across the country.

National Focus[edit]

Generic national focus tree.
Main article: Generic national focus tree

Although at present Flag of Greece Greece lacks a unique national focus tree and uses the generic national focus tree instead, a Greek focus tree has recently been announced.


The generic focus tree has 5 main branches:

  • Army Effort gives army experience and research bonuses to army research.
  • Aviation Effort gives air experience, builds air bases, and research bonuses to air research.
  • Naval Effort gives navy experience, builds naval dockyards, and research bonuses to navy research.
  • Industrial Effort builds civilian and military factories (usually even if building slots are already full)and grants extra research slots.
  • Political Effort gives the country choices on which political path they will take.


Military[edit]

Greece is a small state and so its starting military isn't anything special. The army is smaller than its neighbors’ Flag of Turkey Turkey and Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, and only a fraction of the size of the major powers' armies. Furthermore, the country's extensive coastline, borders and, more importantly, the proximity of two major powers could force the army to stretch its lines thin. The navy is technologically outdated but larger than the Turkish and Yugoslavian counterpart. Nevertheless, it's hopelessly small against the Italian Regia Marina or the British Mediterranean Fleet, both potential enemies. The country also completely lacks aircraft which leaves it exposed to enemy air superiority and strategic bombings. The Greek population is just 6.27 million and the manpower reserves by 1936 are just over 45,000.

To Greece's advantage, its terrain is mountainous and ideal for defence. Minor forts in the mountainous borders would prove very valuable and give invading armies a hard time, especially to enemy armor. This is a good choice for an outnumbered player on the defensive.


Army[edit]

1936 state:

9Infantry.pngInfantry Divisions 3 Mountaineers.png Mountain Divisions 1Cavalry.pngCavalry Division

Total: 13 divisions | Manpower.png Manpower Used: 111.5k

Twelve of these divisions are located on the Greek mainland, with the last located on the island of Crete. The infantry divisions are relatively large in size, with 9 infantry battalions each, while the mountain divisions have 8. The army at 1936 suffers nonetheless of a shortage of around 6,000 infantry equipment.

Alternative Division Names:

  • Infantry Division: Merarchia Pezikou
  • Cavalry: Merarchia Ippikou
  • Mountaineers: Oreini Merarchia Pezikou
  • Marines: Merarchia Pezonafton
  • Airborne/Parachute Division: Aerometaferomeini Merachia
  • Motorized: Mechanopoiemeni Merarchia Pezikou
  • Mechanized: Mechanokineti Merarchia Pezikou
  • Armored Division: Tethorakismeni Merarchia
  • National Guard Brigade: Taxiarchia Ethnofrouras

Navy[edit]

1936 state:

Capital ships 1936
Heavy Cruiser.png
1 Heavy Cruiser
Screens and Submarines 1936
Light Cruiser.png
1 Light Cruiser
Destroyer.png
8 Destroyers
Submarine.png
6 Submarines
Ship classes of the Royal Hellenic Navy
Type Class Amount In Production Hull
CA Averouf Class 1 Heavy Cruiser I
CL Elli Class 1 Light Cruiser I
DD Hydra Class 4 Destroyer I
DD Aetos Class 4 Destroyer I
SS Katsonis Class 6 Submarine I

Total: 16 Vessels

Manpower.png Manpower used: 5.6k

The Royal War Navy (Vasilikó Polemikó Naftikó) is a small force of only limited use. Though by 1936 is the largest of the Balkan nations, the Greek navy is dwarved by the unmatched maritime strength of Flag of Italy Italy and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

Air Force[edit]

1936 state:

No No Planes

Manpower0 Manpower used: 0

Greece does not have any air force of any kind.

Technology[edit]

Greece starts with 3 research slots.

Army technology Naval technology Air technology Electronics & Industry
  • Infantry Equipment I
  • Mountain Infantry I
  • Recon Company I
  • Towed Artillery I
  • Towed Anti-Air I
  • 1936 Destroyer Hull
  • Early Cruiser Hull
    • Basic Cruiser Armour Scheme
  • Early Heavy Ship Hull
  • Submarine I
  • 1936 Submarine Hull
  • Basic Torpedo
  • Naval Gunnery
  • Casemate Secondary Battery
  • Transport Ship
  • Contact Mine
  • Minelaying Submarine
  • None
  • None
Doctrines
  • None
  • None
  • None


Strategies and guides[edit]

As Greece, boost popularity of Fascism or Communism. As soon as Greece changes ideology, justify and declare war against Bulgaria. After Bulgaria capitulates, justify against Turkey. Prepare against naval invasions because Turkey will have a slightly stronger navy than Greece. It may be easier to use the Bulgarian land to encircle the Turkish army. Once the bulk of the Turkish army is encircled and overrun, push through Anatolia and the Bosporus Strait.

After Turkey capitulates, prepare for war against Italy and the Axis. Italy will be annexing Albania and Yugoslavia and will soon be going to war with Greece via their national focus. It is recommended to not join the Allies. This is in case some of the territory required falls to the Soviets. A while later, Romania will join the Axis as well. It may be beneficial if land forts are placed on the border from Albania to Romania. Wait it out until the Germans declare against the Soviets. Join the Comintern when this happens. With Soviet help, it may be easier to push against the Axis. Make the push for the required states. If the Soviets take required Romanian states, give states that are not needed and ask for control for the required states. As soon as the required states are in Greek control, click the Restore Byzantium decision.

Achievements[edit]

I Swear I'm Not a Byzantophile icon
I Swear I'm Not a Byzantophile
As Greece, Form Byzantine Empire.