Greece

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Greece
Greece.png
Capital:
Athens

Government Type:
Authoritarian, Despotic

Faction:
Neutral neutrality

Greece is a minor European country located in the southern Balkans. Placed at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, Greece holds a strategic location that every alliance would benefit from controling. It has a long coastline and a mainly mountainous terrain. In game, the nation is more or less comparable in military strength, infrastructure and technology to the Balkan nations, but greatly below from the standards of the major European powers.

Historical Background[edit]

The Kingdom of Greece under the 4th of August regime led by Ionnis Metaxas would see Italian expansionism creep to its borders in the form of Flag of Italy Italy's annexation of Flag of Albania Albania in 1939. Mussolini, envisioning an Italian puppet in Greece, sent Metaxas an ultimatum in late 1940, which called for Italian troops to occupy unspecified strategic positions in Greece. Metaxas is popularly reputed to reply with one word: "No." However, historical consensus states that he most likely said "Then, it's war."

Italian troops invaded Greece via Albania in October of 1940, but by November unexpectedly stiff resistance from the Greek Army turned the invasion into a humiliating disaster. In late November, the Greeks counterattacked, pushing the Italians back into Albania. Greek forces soon invaded Albania in December, but would later withdraw back to the Greek border by January 1941 due to dangerously low supplies. The front would largely remain unchanged, save for another failed Italian offensive in March 1941. Greece would ultimately fall when Flag of Germany Germany, fearful substantial Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom intervention in the conflict, launched its own invasion from Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria on 6 April, 1941. German troops easily breached the undermanned Metaxas Line defending the Bulgarian border, and Axis forces poured into the country. By 27 April, Athens had fallen, and by the end of the month the entire Greek mainland was captured. Crete fell a week later.

From 1941 to 1944, Greece would be occupied mainly by German forces, constantly under harassment by the Greek Resistance, one of the most successful resistance movements of the war. In October 1944, German troops finally withdrew from the country as the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union invaded the Balkans, in an effort to avoid being cut off. By the end of the war, Greece was devastated. Most of its infrastructure, as well as 8% of its 7 million people had died. Famine was a possibility, and the Greek Jewish population was almost totally annihilated. A civil war erupted in 1946 between the Communists and monarchists, resulting in a monarchist victory in 1949.

Events[edit]

Main article: Greek events

Politics[edit]

Ideology[edit]

Greece starts 1936 as a non-aligned country with no elections to be held. The ruling party is the authoritarian 'Kómma Ton Eleutherofrónon' Party, led by Ioánnis Metaxás.

National Spirits[edit]

Greece starts with no National Spirits.

Political parties[edit]

Political parties, 1936
Id. Party name Popularity Leader Ruling
Democratic Laïkòn Kómma 10.00% Konstantinos Tsaldaris No
Communist Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas 2.00% Markos Vafiadis No
Fascist Ethniki Enosis Ellados 23.00% Georgios Kosmidis No
Non-Aligned Kathestós Metaxá 65.00% Ioannis Metaxas Yes
Id. Party name Popularity Leader Ruling
Political parties, 1939
Democratic Laïkòn Kómma 10.00% Konstantinos Tsaldaris No
Communist Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas 2.00% Markos Vafiadis No
Fascist Ethniki Enosis Ellados 23.00% Georgios Kosmidis No
Non-Aligned Kathestós Metaxá 65.00% Ioannis Metaxas Yes

Diplomacy[edit]

Greece has a claim on Turkish owned eastern Thrace and a core on Italian held Dodecanese. Bulgaria on its part has claims οn Greek-owned Western Thrace and Central Macedonia. As a result, relations with these three countries are negative.

Greece isn't a member of any alliance, although the A.I. leans to join the Allies when Italy launches an invasion against them with the "War with Greece" focus.

Economy[edit]

Laws[edit]

Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Limited Conscription.png Limited Conscription
  • 2.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 35% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
  • -40% Fuel Gain per Oil
  • -25% Fuel Capacity
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • +5% Research speed
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed

Resources[edit]

Oil.png Oil Rubber.png Rubber Steel.png Steel Aluminum.png Aluminum Tungsten.png Tungsten Chromium.png Chromium
0(0) 0(0) 24(12) 58(29) 20(10) 68(34)

The numbers in parentheses represent the available resources. Depending on trade law, a certain amount of the originally extracted resources is traded away.

For its small size and limited industry Greece has an access to substantial resources. Its steel,aluminum and tungsten mines will ensure that early arms production demands are met, as well as capital ships and advanced tanks in late game. In early game Greece exports many resources to several non-aligned countries around the world, like Argentina or China, and therefore gains some precious civilian factories. At start there are only 10 convoys available.

Industry[edit]

4 Military factoryMilitary Factories 1 Naval dockyardNaval Dockyard 8 Civilian factoryCivilian Factories

By 1936 the Greek industry is rather small and not very capable to meet excesive military demands. This lack is one of the first things the player must handle. There are only 10 empty building slots.

National Focus[edit]

Greece is not a major country and therefore shares the common generic focus tree which covers five areas: Army, Aviation, Navy, Industry, and Politics.

Military[edit]

Greece is a small state and so its starting military isn't anything special. The army is smaller than its neighbors’ Flag of Turkey Turkey and Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, and only a fraction of the armies of the major powers. Furthermore, the country's extensive coastline, borders and, more importantly, the proximity of two major powers could force the army to stretch its lines thin. The navy is technologically outdated but larger than the Turkish and Yugoslavian counterpart. Nevertheless, it's hopelessly small against the Italian Regia Marina or the British Mediterranean Fleet, both potential enemies. The country also completely lacks aircraft which leaves it exposed to enemy air superiority and strategic bombings. The greek population is just 6.28 M and the manpower reserves by 1936 are merely 28.000.

On Greece's advantage, its terrain is mountainous and ideal for defence. Minor forts in the mountainous borders would prove very valuable and give invading armies a hard time, especially to enemy armor. Its a great choice for an outnumbered player on the defensive.


Army[edit]

1936 state:

9NATO infantry.pngInfantry Divisions 3 NATO mountain.png Mountain Divisions 1NATO cavalry.pngCavalry Division

Total: 13 divisions | Manpower.png Manpower Used: 123.5 K

Twelve of these divisions are located in the Greek mainland and one in the island of Crete. The infantry divisions are relatively large in size, with 9 infantry battalions each, while the mountain divisons have 12. The army at 1936 suffers nonetheless of a shortage of 6 K infantry equipment.

Alternative Division Names:

  • Infantry Division: Merarchia Pezikou
  • Cavalry: Merarchia Ippikou
  • Mountaineers:Oreini Merarchia Pezikou
  • Marines: Merarchia Pezonafton
  • Airborne/Parachute Division: Aerometaferomeini Merachia
  • Motorized: Mechanopoiemeni Merarchia Pezikou
  • Mechanized: Mechanokineti Merarchia Pezikou
  • Armored Division: Tethorakismeni Merarchia
  • National Guard Brigade: Taxiarchia Ethnofrouras

Navy[edit]

1936 state:

Capital ships 1936
Heavy Cruiser.png
1 Heavy Cruiser
Screens and Submarines 1936
Light Cruiser.png
1 Light Cruiser
Destroyer.png
8 Destroyers
Submarine.png
6 Submarines
Ship classes of the Royal Navy
Type Class Amount In Production Tech
CA Averouf Class 1 Heavy Cruiser I
CL Elli Class 1 Light Cruiser I
DD Hydra Class 4 Destroyer I* (All +2 stats)
DD Aetos Class 4 Destroyer I
SS Katsonis Class 6 Submarine I
* marks a variant with increased base stats to symbolize ships that are not modern enough to warrant a full 1936 tech level but too modern to fit into the1922 tech level.

Total: 16 Vessels

Manpower.png Manpower used: 5.3 K

The Royal War Navy (Vasilikó Polemikó Naftikó) is a small force of only limited use. Though by 1936 is the largest of the Balkan nations, the Greek navy is dwarved by the unmatched maritime strength of Flag of Italy Italy and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.

Air Force[edit]

1936 state:

No No Planes

Manpower used:0

Strategies and guides[edit]

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Achievements[edit]

I Swear I'm Not a Byzantophile icon
I Swear I'm Not a Byzantophile
As Greece, Form Byzantine Empire.