Italy is a major nation primarily located in the Italian peninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia to the west. It also contains territory in Zara (on the Dalmatian coast)and the Dodecanese (Aegean sea), with African colonies in Libya, Eritrea and Somalia. Its terrain is mainly made of hills, with the peninsula having some coastal plains on the east and west sides of its rugged central spine - important defensive terrain if fighting up or down the peninsula. Its location in the center of the Mediterranean causes Italy to be a dominant force in the region. In game the country has a modest to respectable military, with the navy being its strongest asset. Both branches have immediate adversaries to face, as the French to the west are a constant threat, while the British also vie for control of the Mediterranean Sea, and both powers maintain rival colonies abroad.
Italy was a member of the victorious Entente when World War 1 ended in 1918. In exchange for promises of significant territorial expansion, Italy had sided with the French and British. With the war's end, Italy had anticipated its promised reward would be commensurate with Italian losses in the Alps. But at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference the three pre-eminent powers (the US, the UK and France) largely broke with their promises to lesser allies: Italy gained only the provinces of South Tyrol and Trieste, while the British and French divided the colonial world between them. Regions Italy had long considered as Italian, such as Corsica and Tunisia, remained under French control, while what German colonies there were went mostly to the British.
Italy conquered Ethiopia and Albania prior to its entry into World War II. Despite the Pact of Steel with Germany, Italy did not join in the war until June 1940, planning to get a share of Allied territory with the defeat of France. Italy's war effort went beyond poorly, With Italy suffering a humiliating defeat in Greece. Later, Italy invaded British-controlled Egypt with 150,000 men compared to 3500 british, capturing 50 miles and stopped due to logistical problems. This was the grand conquest of Egypt by the Italians. They were beaten back by Richard O'connor during operation Compass, and the Italian army was pushed back into Libya and eventually expelled from Africa completely. The Allies launched a naval invasion of Italy in the summer of 1943 and Mussolini's government collapsed.
The new royal government of Marshal Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice with the allies, but most of the country was quickly occupied by the Germans who established a puppet government under Mussolini's leadership, the Italian Social Republic, in Northern Italy. Badoglio and the king escaped to Brindisi without giving any order to the army. The royal government remained in control of the south, declared war on Germany, and declared itself as the government of all of Italy shortly before the end of the war in the spring of 1945. Significant partisan actions took place in northern Italy. Italy would eventually recover from the war and, along with France, Germany and the low countries, would become one of the founding members of the European Union. Italy did however lose the region of Istria and the Dalmatian city of Zadar to Yugoslavian in addition to all of its African colonies.
- Main article: Italian events
- Main article: Italian national focus tree
Italy, as one of the seven major powers, gets a unique national focus tree.
Italy has an interesting national focus tree with five different branches:
- Ethiopian War Logistics
- A smaller tree which focuses on industrial build up.
- Army Primacy
- Strengthens your army research.
- Mare Nostrum
- The big naval strengthening tree.
- Light Ship Focus
- Destroyer & Submarine benefits.
- Triumph in Africa
- The big political and diplomatic tree, where you have lots of different choices on who to befriend and conquer.
Italy starts with four research slots and can gain one from its focus tree.
|Without Man the Guns|
Theorists and DesignersEdit
|Designer||Type||Effect||Cost ( )|
By selecting this Design Company it will permanently affect capabilities on all equipment researched while they are hired.
|Designer||Type||Effect||Cost ( )|
|Designer||Type||Effect||Cost ( )|
The "Soldier King" remind the Italians of their recent victories in the Great War. His presence and their loyalty to him is a great source of unity for the people.
- Acceptance of Communist Diplomacy: −10
- Acceptance of Democratic Diplomacy: −10
- Acceptance of Fascist Diplomacy: +10
- AI Modifier: Focus on Offense: +50%
- Justify war goal time: −5%
Our allies betrayed Italy and stabbed us in the back when they broke the Pact of London. We sacrificed so much blood at the Isonzo for their victory and they in turn denied us what was ours by right. Now Italy will take her destiny into her own hands and ensure that justice is done.
We have signed the London Naval Treaty and accordingly are restricted in the size of our capital ships.
Italy starts at war with Ethiopia, which is something they will be focusing on for the first months of the game. The Italian technological superiority pretty much guarantees that they will win the war. The new transportation mechanics makes it less of a hassle to strengthen this theatre, and less of a hassle to move back troops afterwards. At the 1936 start date, Italy has no alliances, but is guaranteeing Albania.
The political parties in Italy and their popularity remain the same in both the 1936 and 1939 scenario with Benito Mussolini's Partito Nazionale Fascista ruling with overwhelming support, followed by the democratic Partito Popolare Italiano with significant popularity.
|Conscription Law||Economy Law||Trade Law|
| Limited Conscription
|| Partial Mobilization
|| Limited Exports
Italy's industry is quite modest compared to other major powers. The country's limited production and construction power will seriously undermine its war effort if not dealt with swiftly.
19 Military Factories
11 Naval Dockyard
20 Civilian Factories
These numbers represent the available resources, depending on trade law a certain amount may be traded away.
Italy has 39 divisions in 1936. Of these:
- Two are Reggimento di Cavalleria with 4x cavalry and no support.
- Five are Divisione Alpina with 6x mountaineers, engineers, support artillery, and high reinforcement priority.
- Five are Divisione Coloniale with 6x infantry, no support, and low reinforcement priority.
- Three are Divisione Celere with 4x cavalry, 2x motorized infantry, 1x light tank, and high reinforcement priority.
- The remaining 24 are Divisione di Fanteria with 6x infantry and engineers.
The land borders of Italy's core territory (France, Switzerland, Austria - later German Reich - and Yugoslavia) are all mountains or hills (except for the city of Nice), and naval invasions will be necessary to control the Mediterranean, so a mix of mountaineers and marines is recommended for special forces expansion.
In terms of technology, Italy's support weapons, armour and artillery are outdated, the only special forces available are mountain infantry, and the only support companies available are engineers. Modernization and research will be needed.
|1936||Fiat 626||Motorized I|
|1940||Fiat 2800||Mechanized I|
|1942||Fiat 727||Mechanized II|
|1944||Breda 61||Mechanized III|
|Name||Type||Techyear||Tank Destroyer / SP-Artillery / Armored AA Variants|
|Fiat 3000||Great War Tank||1918||None|
|L3||Light Tank I||1934||L3 cc (TD)|
|L6||Light Tank II||1936||Semovente 47/32 (TD)|
|L8||Light Tank III||1941||None|
|Fiat M11/39||Medium Tank I||1939||None|
|M16 Sahariano||Medium Tank II||1941||Semovente 75/34 (TD) / Semovente M 41 75/18 (SPA)|
|M20/43||Medium Tank III||1943||Semovente M41M 90/53 / Semovente M42L 105/25 / Semovente M15/42|
|P75||Heavy Tank I||1934||None|
|P26||Heavy Tank II||1941||Semovente da 149/40 (SPA)|
|P43||Heavy Tank III||1943||None|
|Il Duce||Super Heavy Tank||1943||None|
Examples of alternative division template names for Italy include:
- Mountaineers - Divisione Alpina
- Marines - Divisione Marine
- Paratroopers - Divisione Paracadutisti
- Motorized - Divisione Motorizzata
- Mechanized - Divisione Meccanizzata
- Armor - Divisione Corazzata
The Regia Marina is sizeable, with access to significant amounts of modern naval technology - Italy possesses all of the 1936 hulls, batteries and armor setups. The one exception is the complete lack of carriers, but given the time necessary to spin up such a project, it may well not seem worth investing in. Most of the existing ships are older models, but there are four battleships anticipating 1940-1941 completion dates, a nearly-completed Montecuccoli Class cruiser and two almost half-complete Duca degli Abruzzi Class cruisers, two half-complete Maestrale Class destroyers, and a half-complete Calvi Class submarine in production. Completing these any time soon will require a bigger investment in Italian dockyard capacity.
|Curatone Class*||Destroyer||49||1922||DD battery I, AA I, TT I|
|Navigatori Class*||Minelayer (DD)||17||1922||Curatone + DC I and mines|
|Maestrale Class||Destroyer||14||2||1922||Curatone + DC I|
|Taranto Class*||Minelayer (CL)||2||1922||CL I, TT I, mines|
|Giussano Class*||Light Cruiser||6||1922||2xCL II batteries, TT I, scout plane I, AA II, no armor|
|Montecuccoli Class||Light Cruiser||3||1||1936||AA I + II, 2xCL II batteries, scout plane I, TT I, no armor|
|Duca degli Abruzzi Class||Light Cruiser||2||1936||2xAA, TT I, scout plane, armor I, 2xCL II batteries|
|San Giorgio Class*||Heavy Cruiser||1||1918||CA I battery, 2xAA I, TT I, 2xSecondary I, Armor II|
|Trento Class*||Heavy Cruiser||2||1922||2xCA I batteries, 2x AA I, scout plane I, Armor I|
|Zara Class*||Heavy Cruiser||4||1922||Trento with Armor II|
|Bolzano Class||Heavy Cruiser||1||1922||Same as Trento|
|Mameli Class*||Submarine||17||1922||1xTT I|
|Bandiera Class*||Submarine||11||1922||2xTT I|
|Sirena Class*||Submarine||21||1936||1xTT I|
|Calvi Class||Submarine||2||1||1936||2xTT I|
|Andrea Doria Class*||Battleship||2||1922||2xBB I batteries, 2xAA I, 2xSecondary I, BB Armor I|
|Conte Di Cavour Class||Battleship||2||1922||2xBB I batteries, AA I, scout plane I, 2xSecondary II, BB Armor I|
|Littorio Class||Battleship||2||1936||2xBB II batteries, 2xAA I, scout plane II, 2xSecondary II, BB Armor I|
|* marks a variant as "obsolescent".|
Without Man the GunsEdit
The Regia Marina is rather sizable, it is however not very modern. The only 1936 naval tech that Italy possesses is the Caio Duilio battleship, though it does possess upgraded versions of the 1922 heavy cruiser, light cruiser, destroyer, and submarine. Italy also has several ships under construction. 2 Caio Duilio Class battleships that are about 20% finished. A Montecuccoli class light cruiser that is almost finished along with two Maestrale Class destroyers and a Sirena Class submarine.
|Soldati Class||Destroyer II||1936|
|Ciclone Class||Destroyer III||1940|
|Medaglie d'Oro Class||Destroyer IV||1944|
||Light Cruiser I||1922|
|Duca degli Abruzzi Class||Light Cruiser II||1936|
|Capitani Romani Class||Light Cruiser III||1940|
|San Marco Class||Light Cruiser IV||1944|
||Heavy Cruiser I||1922|
|San Giorgio Class||Heavy Cruiser II||1936|
|Pisa Class||Heavy Cruiser III||1940|
|Garibaldi Class||Heavy Cruiser IV||1944|
|Caracciolo Class||Battlecruiser I||1922|
|Principe Amadeo Class||Battlecruiser II||1940|
|Conte Di Cavour Class||Battleship I||1922|
|Caio Duilio Class||Battleship II||1936|
|Littorio Class||Battleship III||1940|
|Impero Class||Battleship IV||1944|
|Regina Margherita Class||Super Heavy Battleship I||1936|
|Regina Elena Class||Super Heavy Battleship II||1944|
|Giusseppe Miraglia Class||Carrier I||1922|
|Falco Class||Carrier II||1936|
|Aquila Class||Carrier III||1940|
|Sparviero Class||Carrier IV||1944|
|Perla Class||Submarine II||1936|
|Marconi Class||Submarine III||1940|
|Pietro Calvi Class||Submarine IV||1944|
48 Close Air Support
72 Naval Bombers
288 Tactical Bombers
Upgrading the interwar fighters and bombers to at least 1936 level is a priority for the air force, as is simply expanding the country's contingent of fighters to a size that can achieve air superiority over the home land and sea regions to fend off strategic bombing and port strike missions.(The Allies (AI) can easily send over 1000 bombers and fighters respectively to Italy.) If carriers are to be built, naval variants of fighters, naval bombers, and perhaps close air support will also be needed as a priority, otherwise the carriers are useless.
|Name||Type||Tech year||Carrier variant|
|Fiat CR.32||Interwar Fighter||1933|
|Macchi C.200 Saetta||Fighter I||1936||Macchi IC.200 Saetta|
|Macchi C.202 Folgore||Fighter II||1940||Macchi IC.202|
|Fiat G.55 Centauro||Fighter III||1944||Fiat G.55S Centauro|
|Reggiane Re.2007||Jet Fighter I||1945|
|Reggiane Re.2008||Jet Fighter II||1950|
|Breda Ba.65||CAS I||1936||Breda Ba.65bis|
|Breda Ba.88 Lince||CAS II||1940||Reggiane Re.2001G/H Falco II|
|Breda Ba.201||CAS III||1944||Breda Ba.201bis|
|Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero||Naval Bomber I||1936||Savoia-Marchetti SM.79-II Sparviero|
|Savoia-Marchetti SM.84||Naval Bomber II||1940||Savoia-Marchetti SM.84-II|
|Savoia-Marchetti SM.89||Naval Bomber III||1944||Savoia-Marchetti SM.89-II|
|Caproni Ca.101||Interwar Bomber||1933|
|Fiat BR.20 Cicogna||Tactical Bomber I||1936|
|Cant Z.1007bis Alcione||Tactical Bomber II||1940|
|Cant Z.1080 Leone||Tactical Bomber III||1944|
|(No name)||Jet Tactical Bomber I||1945|
|(No name)||Jet Tactical Bomber II||1950|
|IMAM Ro.57||Heavy Fighter I||1936|
|IMAM Ro.58||Heavy Fighter II||1940|
|Savoia-Marchetti SM.92||Heavy Fighter III||1944|
|Piaggio P.50||Stategic Bomber I||1936|
|Piaggio P.108||Strategic Bomber II||1940|
|Piaggio P.133||Stategic Bomber III||1944|
|(No name)||Jet Stategic Bomber I||1950|
Italy's high command picks are an underwhelming lot, only the air force attracts any candidates above "Specialist" level with one exception for a Naval Expert in Military High Command. Army command tends towards the defensive, Navy command trends in the direction of capital ships, only the Air Force command picks exhibit a degree of intense specialization.
Strategies and GuidesEdit
Italy is an intersting country to play despite being the weakest of every starting Majors. It's the only country to be at war, apart of Ethopia. Taking Ethopia isn't a problem, but the timing is. Too early and Italy wouldn't train up it's weak commanders. Too late and the war of Spain would end before it could finish the 'Support Nationalist Spain' focus.
After Ethopia, Italy can decide not only the fate of the Allies, but also the Axis. In order for Italy to disrupt Germany (If Italy is going 'Italy first' focus), all Italy had to do was to invade Austria before Anschluss and take Czechoslovakia after war with Yugoslavia. Very difficult if Czechoslovakia fortifies, but possible. Ironically, despite declairing war and annexing Austria, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, this is still less than the tension that Germany can produce historically.