National focus

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The game map, showing only countries with non-generic focus trees.
Graph of total number of focuses per focus tree.

National focus trees serve as a replacement for the mixture of decisions and triggered events which directed countries in previous iterations of Hearts of Iron.

The focus trees allow the players (and the AI) to direct the development of their nation. Each country has a focus tree, representing a number of progression paths (branches) available to that nation. These paths may be based on actual historical situations or on alternative historical possibilities. The individual options can range from political, diplomatic and warfare-related focuses to more economic and research-related focuses.

Due to the semi-random nature of the AI it ensures that no two games will play out in precisely the same way. Players wishing to have a more historical-based campaign can choose to do so by ticking the Historical AI Focuses option on the country selection screen (map) just before the start of a new game. It is important to note, however, that player nations are not bound by this and as such their in-game actions can still force the AI to pick somewhat less than historical choices.

The seven great powers (and Flag of Poland Poland) have a unique national focus tree in the base game. Additional countries - as detailed below - received a unique focus tree as part of different DLCs. All other nations use the generic national focus tree.


National focus trees (click on a country name to get to its section)

Mechanic overview[edit | edit source]

The Generic national focus tree has 5 different branches.

Branches in a focus tree revolve around a common theme or goal with the individual focuses within intended to help in achieving that goal. Although branches are mostly isolated from each other, they will be connected (locally) if they happen to coincide over a common point.

Only a single focus can be taken at a time. A focus requires Political Power 70 Political power to complete at a progress rate of Political Power –1 Political power per day - this means a focus would usually be completed within Time 70 days. When completed, the player may go up to 10 days without picking a new focus and still have those days (and their accumulated Political Power Political power) count towards the new focus.

Aside from the branches' top level focuses, most other focuses have additional requirements in need of fulfillment before they can be picked. If a requirement of an on-going focus has become invalidated, the focus will either be paused until the requirement is restored (if possible) or outright be cancelled when such a thing is not easily possible. For cases such as the latter, focuses will have bypass conditions to allow the player to proceed past them - the player will be notified of the bypass within a few days (they will display a golden bracket as if completed regularly). For example, Goal generic army motorized.png Motorization Effort can be bypassed if the Motorized cropped.png Motorized Infantry technology has already been researched beforehand.

Once a focus has started, the player can't manually stop or replace it, unless the player has the Man the Guns Man the Guns expansion. If, due to circumstances, the focus has been invalidated, the resources already spent are lost. As such, it is immensely recommended to check all requirements and conditions regarding a focus to assess if/how they may be affected within its completion time-frame.

Accessing a focus' expanded details can be achieved by clicking or hovering over the focus. Among the information presented there are: the flavor description, its requirements, bypass conditions (if applicable) and the expected completion effects.

Visual indicators[edit | edit source]

  • Bracket color - Players can check at a glance a focus' completion status by the background color of its name bracket. Grey bracket means available for picking, brown bracket indicates as of yet unavailability and golden bracket denotes completed focuses. On-going focuses will feature a shining overlay effect over them.
  • Connection lines - Focuses are connected by colored lines. The color indicates whether its preceding focus is completed (green) or not (light-blue). The connection may also appear as a solid or dotted line, with the former indicating a logical AND and the latter a logical OR. For example, to pick Goal generic special forces.png Special Forces would require all 3 of the focuses preceding it while picking Goal generic scientific exchange.png Technology Sharing requires only one of the 2 preceding it.
  • Mutually exclusive - Some focuses may have the Mutually Exclusive mutually exclusive icon appearing in-between them. The icon denotes that only one of two may be selected. Further more, depending on the focuses outgoing connections it may also exclude from picking any of the focuses connected to them further down the line. For example, choosing between Goal generic national unity.png Collectivist Ethos or Goal generic support democracy.png Liberty Ethos will make any of the other side's subsequent connected focuses unavailable for picking up until Goal generic scientific exchange.png Technology Sharing (linked to both sides by an OR connection).

Continuous focus[edit | edit source]

The continuous focus panel.
Main article: Continuous focus

A continuous focus is a special type of focus that is unlocked once 10 regular focuses have been completed. There are a total of 9 continuous focuses available.

Having an active continuous focus comes at the expense of pursuing a regular focus as only one focus can be picked at a time regardless of its type.

As opposed to a regular focus which provides one-time effects, the effects of a continuous focus benefit the nation whilst the chosen focus remains active. An active focus requires a maintenance cost of Political Power –1 Political power per day. The focus can, however, be deactivated or switched with another at any time for no additional cost.

National focus trees[edit | edit source]

Base game trees[edit | edit source]


Generic tree[edit | edit source]

Generic national focus tree.
Main article: Generic national focus tree

All nations lacking a unique national focus tree use the generic national focus tree instead.

The generic focus tree has 5 main branches:

  • Army Effort gives army experience and research bonuses to army research.
  • Aviation Effort gives air experience, builds air bases, and research bonuses to air research.
  • Naval Effort gives navy experience, builds naval dockyards, and research bonuses to navy research.
  • Industrial Effort builds civilian and military factories (usually even if building slots are already full), infrastructure and grants extra research slots.
  • Political Effort gives the country choices on which political path they will take.


Note: The generic focus tree also acts as the default tree for nations which received a unique focus tree in a DLC if said DLC is not enabled.

France[edit | edit source]

French national focus tree.
Main article: French national focus tree

Flag of France France, as one of the seven major powers, got a unique national focus tree.

The French national focus tree can be divided into 5 branches and 7 sub-branches:

Devalue the Franc Branch
This branch offers the possibility to develop Metropolitan France and the overseas colonies, as well as add two more research slots.
Begin Rearmament Branch
This branch focuses either on defensive or offensive expansion of the military. The defensive focuses give army and fortification bonuses while the offensive focuses give army and air bonuses. They end with the shared focus Army Reform icon Army Reform which removes the starting national spirit Victors of the Great WarVictors of the Great War.
Form the Popular Front/Revive the National Bloc Branch
This branch develops French industry. The left side of the branch adds factories to various states, completely removes Inefficient Economy Inefficient Economy and leads to the communistcommunist sub-branch. The right side of the branch develops construction speed, manipulates party popularity, and leads to the fascistfascist and non-alignedmonarchist sub-branch. Both sides lead to the historical democraticdemocratic sub-branch of the focus tree and Intervention in Flag of Spain Spain decisions.
  • Invite Communist Ministers Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows France to become CommunistCommunist, gain manpower and political power. The Reconciliation section gives stability and political power. It leads to the Anti-Fascist coalition section which allies with neighboring or Balkan CommunistCommunist and DemocraticDemocratic nations and manpower. The Revolution to the Utmost gives war support and a civil war. It leads to the Loyalty to the Cause section which gives war goals against the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, Flag of Spain Spain, Flag of Germany Germany, and Flag of Italy Italy. Both the Reconciliation and the Revolution to the Utmost leads to the Loyalty to Moscow section which allows France to join the Comintern. This section and the Anti-Fascist coalition section leads to a focus that gives war goals against all neighboring FascistFascist nation.
  • Leftist Rhetoric Sub-branch
This sub-branch is only available if the La RésistanceLa Résistance DLC is not enabled. This allows France to become CommunistCommunist.
  • The Blum-Viollette Proposal Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows France to core Algeria, gain non-core manpower and compliance or lose the national spirit Full Employment Full Employment. Depending on the choice of the colonies, the French Union focus allows France to annex and core its colonies or increase resistance.
  • Review Foreign Policy Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows France to either create the Little Entente with Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Flag of Romania Romania, or Flag of Poland Poland, support Flag of Finland Finland in their war, join the Allies or create the Stresa Front with the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and Flag of Italy Italy.
  • Utilize the Leagues Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows France to become FascistFascist, gain claims on various nations and make alliances with other European nations. The Latin Entente section allows France to ally with Flag of Spain Spain, Flag of Portugal Portugal, and Italy for French Somaliland, gain claims on Flag of Greece Greece and war goals on Flag of Germany Germany, Flag of Belgium Belgium, and the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands. The Towards a New Europe section allows France to join the Axis, gain claims and war goals on Flag of Belgium Belgium and Flag of Canada Canada. Both sections lead to war goals claims and subjugation on the Middle East.
  • The Council of Rambouillet Sub-branch
This sub-branch restores the French monarchy from either the House of Orléans (Orléaniste), Bourbon (Légitimistes) or Bonaparte (Bonapartiste). The Orléanist section gives war goals against Flag of Germany Germany and Flag of Italy Italy. The Légitimist section gives an alliance, an annexation or wargoal on Flag of Spain Spain. The Bonapartist section gives war goals against Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, Flag of Belgium Belgium, Flag of Netherlands Netherlands, Flag of Germany Germany, and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. It also has a focus to split Flag of Germany Germany into 7-9 different countries.
  • Right Wing Rhetoric Sub-branch
This sub-branch is only available if the La RésistanceLa Résistance DLC is not enabled. This allows France to become FascistFascist.
Naval Rearmament Branch
This branch includes focuses which grant experience and research bonuses that improve the navy.
Air Focus Branch
This branch includes focuses which grant experience and research bonuses that improve the air force.


If Flag of France France capitulates to the Flag of German Reich German Reich, it will be divided into Flag of Free France Free France and Flag of Vichy France Vichy France, with both regimes receiving a unique national focus tree as part of the La Résistance La Résistance expansion. Without the expansion, Flag of Free France Free France retains the French national focus tree, whereas Flag of Vichy France Vichy France utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Free France[edit | edit source]
Main article: Free French national focus tree

Free France's unique focus tree has 2 main branches:

Refus Absurde Branch
This branch focuses on cultivating resistance in the occupied French territories, as well as making it harder for the occupiers to gain compliance.
Appeal To the French Nation Branch
This branch focuses on recovering a measure of war capacity and contesting with Flag of Vichy France Vichy France for control over the French overseas territories, so as to lay the groundwork for the ultimate restoration of Flag of France France.
Vichy France[edit | edit source]
Main article: Vichy French national focus tree

Vichy France's unique focus tree has 1 single branch:

Emergency Powers To Petain Branch
This branch focuses on rebuilding and revitalising a war-torn Flag of France France with the ultimate objective of reasserting control over all occupied territories, either by collaborating with the Flag of German Reich German Reich, or by actively fighting against them.

Germany[edit | edit source]

German national focus tree.
Main article: German national focus tree

Flag of Germany Germany, as one of the seven major powers, has a unique national focus tree.

The German national focus tree can be divided into 6 branches and 3 Sub-branches:

Four Year Plan Branch
This is the economic branch and improves Flag of Germany Germany's industry by adding factories, adds a research slot, builds fort lines around Europe in the East and West and also allows Germany to choose between turning Flag of Hungary Hungary and Flag of Romania Romania into puppets or gaining even more factories. At the end of the branch, if Germany is FascismFascist, it allows them to create a set of Reichskommissariats, which are unique puppets that allow for more effective resource extraction and administration of occupied territories while at war.
Air Innovations Branch
This branch improves Flag of Germany Germany's air force and speeds up research of nuclear weapons and rockets.
Army Innovations Branch
This branch improves Flag of Germany Germany's land forces and allows for an alliance with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.
Rhineland Branch
The FascismFascist branch opens up the aggressive expansion across Europe, allowing Germany to go to war with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, and to befriende either Flag of China China or Flag of Japan Japan. It leads to the Anschluss sub-branch with more aggressive expansion and war options.
  • Anschluss Sub-branch
This sub-branch under the Rhineland branch is full-on aggressive expansion, as it allows Flag of Germany Germany to annex several states and to ally with or declare war on several countries. Among other things, it leads to the annexation of Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Poland Poland, the partitioning of Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia and Flag of Greece Greece and finally war with Flag of Netherlands Netherlands, Flag of Belgium Belgium, Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg, Flag of France France and Flag of Switzerland Switzerland. It also allows Germany to ally with Flag of Hungary Hungary, Flag of Italy Italy and Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain. Additionally, the sub-branch also contains the option to befriend Flag of Poland Poland and Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia instead of just annexing and partitioning them, respectively.
Naval Rearmament Branch
This branch improves Flag of Germany Germany's navy and befriends the Scandinavian countries of Flag of Denmark Denmark, Flag of Norway Norway and Flag of Sweden Sweden as well as the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands.
Oppose Hitler Branch
This branch allows Flag of Germany Germany to remove Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP from power via civil war and restore the German Monarchy to pursue a democracydemocratic or neutralitynon-aligned path. It requires Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger.
  • Return of the Kaiser Sub-branch
This sub-branch restores Flag of Germany Germany's Neutralitymonarchy under Wilhelm II, re-creating the German Empire that fell in 1918 and gives war goals against the Flag of United Kingdom British and the Flag of France French, and allows for restoring the Flag of Italy Italian and Flag of Austria-Hungary Austro-Hungarian monarchies; Germany can also choose to be subordinate to the Flag of United Kingdom British and ally them while fighting against communist Flag of France France. It also allies with eastern nations in order to crush the communist threat of the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union in the east. It requires Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger.
  • The Monarchy Compromise Sub-branch
This sub-branch creates a Democracyconstitutional monarchy; it can happen under both Kaisers Wilhelm II and Wilhelm III. It creates a faction with Flag of Austria Austria, Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Flag of Hungary Hungary, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Flag of Romania Romania, Flag of Netherlands Netherlands, Flag of Belgium Belgium, Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg, Flag of Norway Norway, Flag of Sweden Sweden, Flag of Denmark Denmark, Flag of Estonia Estonia, Flag of Latvia Latvia, Flag of Lithuania Lithuania, Flag of Poland Poland, and Flag of Finland Finland in order to crush the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and other Communismcommunist factions (like Flag of France France and any other country that turns communist through its focus tree). It also adds one more research slot than the regular five slots and gives boosts to nuclear technology. It requires Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger.


Italy[edit | edit source]

Italy's national focus tree.
Main article: Italian national focus tree

Flag of Italy Italy, as one of the seven major powers, gets a unique national focus tree.


The Italian national focus tree can be divided into 8 branches and 15 sub-branches:

Ethiopian War Logistics Branch
This branch upgrades colonial infrastructure and industry and gives colonial units in certain colonies.
Italian Highways Branch
This branch upgrades industry in the Italian homeland, adds a research slot and allows the choice of upgrading the north or the south of the Italian Peninsula.
Army Primacy Branch
This Branch upgrades the Italian army, allows the modification and upgrade to the Regio Esercito/Esercito Italiano national spirit.
Air Innovations Branch
This Branch upgrades the Italian airforce, allows the modification and upgrade to the Regia Aeronautica/Aeronautica Italiana national spirit.
Naval Power Projection Branch
This Branch upgrades the Italian navy, allows the modification and upgrade to the Regia Marina/Marina Italiana national spirit.
The Abyssinian Fiasco/Solid Progress/Struggle in Ethiopia Branch
The political branch starts with whether or not Italy is successful in the 2nd Italo-Ethiopian War. It gives a free Intelligence Agency in Italy and Crowns Victor Emmanuel III as Emperor of Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia
  • Unite the Opposition Sub-branch
If the 2nd Italo-Ethiopian War has gone terribly, this allows Italy to follow the path of communismcommunism or democracydemocracy via civil war. It allows the choice of the north or the south as the base of operations in the civil war.
  • The Popular Front Sub-branch
The CommunistCommunist sub-branch allows the joining of the Soviet faction or creating an independent faction with other Communist countries not in any factions and the formation of the Italian National Union. It also gives an extra research slot.
  • Common Ground/Crush the Mafia Sub-branch
This sub-branch is shared with the CommunistCommunist and DemocraticDemocratic sub-branch. It handles the Military and the Mafia and may give advisors from other political factions
  • Italian Socialism Sub-branch
The DemocraticDemocratic sub-branch allows Italy to join the Allies or create a new faction with close European Democracies. It also gives an extra research slot.
  • The Ethiopian Question Sub-branch
This sub-branch reevaluates Italy's colonial holdings, either giving them independence or making them puppets. It annexes Flag of Albania Albania and may give Italy units from each of its African puppets.
  • Culto del Duce Sub-branch
The FascistFascist historical sub-branch brings Benito Mussolini more power in the government and gives him more character bonuses.
  • Ministero della Cultura Popolare/Security Militias Sub-branch
This shared FascistFascist sub-branch upgrades the intelligence agency and the Blackshirts divisions.
  • Towards a Greater Italy Sub-branch
This allows the formation of Flag of Greater Italy Greater Italy and gives claims around the Mediterranean and Africa.
  • Undermine the Duce Sub-branch
This starts the alternate FascistFascist and non-alignedMonarchist sub-branches and overthrows Mussolini.
  • Depose Mussolini Sub-branch
This allows either Italo Balbo or Dino Grandi to become the leader of the FascistFascist party and gives bonuses depending on who's in power.
  • Seek British Cooperation/Invite France to a Military Partnership Sub-branch
This is the shared sub-branch between the alternate FascistFascist and non-alignedMonarchist sub-branches. It allows the cooperation with Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and Flag of France France and proclaims the Italian Empire
  • Monarchia d'Italia Sub-branch
The non-alignedMonarchist sub-branch makes Vittorio Emmanuele III or Umberto II as the head of the nation and either forms Italy into a DemocracyConstitutional Monarchy with either the King or the Prime Minister in power or gives the King absolute power. It also requests support from the Pope and gives bonuses from that.
  • Mare Nostrum Sub-branch
The sub-branch allows the creation of the Flag of Roman Empire Roman Empire, cores on former Roman Imperial territory and gives military bonuses as well as alliances with Iberian or South American Nations.
  • The Papacy Reborn Sub-branch
This sub-branch gives power to Pope Pius XI or Pope Pius XII and creates the Flag of Papal States Papal States. It demands the state of Palestine from its owner and launches a War goalcrusade against non-Catholic European nations. It also allows the Pope to create the Flag of Roman Empire Roman Empire
  • Foreign Affairs Sub-branch
This sub-branch is only available if Italy followed the FascistFascist or non-alignedMonarchist sub-branches. It gives Italy various ways to handle foreign nations, whether or not to ally with the other European Majors, Flag of Greece Greece, Flag of Turkey Turkey, Flag of Japan Japan and the Iberian nations. It may demand Flag of Albania Albanian annexation or give Flag of Austria Austria a guarantee against Flag of Germany Germany's Anschluss. It may also demand territory from Flag of Switzerland Switzerland.
The Italian Social Republic Branch
If Italy enters in a civil war via the National Balance of Power Mechanic, it may chose the FascistFascist side. This will make Italy into a puppet of a major.
The Italian Liberation War Branch
If Italy enters in a civil war via the National Balance of Power Mechanic, it may chose the opposing side. It has the decision of becoming CommunistCommunist or non-alignedMonarchist. This will make Italy into a puppet of a major. It is only available if the DLC By Blood AloneBy Blood Alone is enabled.


Japan[edit | edit source]

Japanese national focus tree.
Main article: Japanese national focus tree

Flag of Japan Japan, as one of the seven major powers, has a unique national focus tree.

The Japanese national focus tree can be divided into 7 branches:

The Unthinkable Option Branch
The communismCommunist branch is based around the idea of establishing a CommunismCommunist state in Japan with the possibility of either joining the Flag of Soviet Union Soviets or forming a faction with Flag of Communist China Communist China. It requires Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger.
This is the hardest path in the focus tree, as it causes a civil war to erupt in the country and if the communists win, it will also cause the entire Japanese Navy, all of Japan's colonial possessions (Flag of Korea Korea and Flag of Mengkukuo Mengkukuo) and most of the generals and field marshals to revert to Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo, which becomes independent.
Purge the Kodoha Faction Branch
The historical fascismFascist tree, it focuses around the aggressive conquest of China, Indochina, the Flag of Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies, Flag of British Malaya British Malaya and the Flag of Philippines Philippines and an alliance with Siam. Please do note that this path is also highly likely to lead to a war with the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, the Flag of United States United States and Flag of France France (all at the same time potentially), as it involves attacking their puppets.
  • National Mobilization Law/ National Defense State Sub-branches
Two Sub-branches that is shared by the Purge the Kodoha Faction Branch and the Support the Kodoha Faction Branch. It accelerates economy laws, mobilises more manpower and gives a Research Slot. It also enables Kamikaze Strikes and unlocks a unique type of aircraft; the Suicide Bomb Craft, which are essentially flying human-guided missiles that deal extremely high damage, but both the pilot and the aircraft are lost in the endeavour.
Support the Kodoha Faction Branch
The NeutralityNon-Aligned Monarchist Branch is focused on deposing the fascists and either empowering the Emperor of Japan or restoring the Japanese Shogunate in a modern form. Furthermore, it focuses on preparing for war with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and joining the Flag of German Reich German Reich's faction. This path notably militarises Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo even further, by giving them Infantry Equipment and Aircraft Research Bonuses and it also creates a Non-Aggression Pact with China, however, it also requires Japan to join the London Naval Treaty, thus restricting their Ship sizes.
Strengthen the Civilian Government Branch
The DemocracyDemocratic branch starts a civil war with the fascists and installs a DemocracyConsitutional Monarchy. It allows Japan either join the Flag of United KingdomFlag of France Allies or form its own faction; the West Pacific Treaty Organisation. It also makes Japan liberate Flag of Korea Korea and Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo but, in exchange, allows Japan to puppet or annex the Flag of Philippines Philippines, the Flag of Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies, Flag of British Malaya British Malaya and Indochina. It requires Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger.
Similar to the CommunismCommunist above, this path will cause a civil war to erupt in the country and will cause Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo to become independent and gain control over Flag of Korea Korea and Flag of Mengkukuo Mengkukuo, however, Japan will retain control of both its navy and army.
The Manchurian Project Branch
If Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo is a subject, this branch improves Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo's Stability and War Support, expands their Industry and improves the Infrastructure and also builds forts on the Soviet Border and adds resources and building slots in the interior.
Army Expansion Law Branch
This branch improves Flag of Japan Japan's army through research bonusees, though it will also unlock Bicycle Infantry, a unique unit for Japan.
  • Fighter Modernization Sub-branch
This sub-branch improves Flag of Japan Japan's Airforce through research bonuses and connects to both the Army and Naval branches.
New Naval Estimates Branch
This branch improves Flag of Japan Japan's naval research and naval industry.


Poland[edit | edit source]

Polish national focus tree.
Main article: Polish national focus tree

Flag of Poland Poland gets a unique national focus tree as part of a free DLC. With the No Step Back DLC, this tree is expanded. If the DLC is not enabled, Poland will use the generic national focus tree instead.

The Polish national focus tree can be divided into 10 branches and 9 sub-branches:

The Four Year Plan Branch
The industrial branch gives Poland factories, research slots, railways and infrastructure. It also removes and delays the Peasant's Strike penalties.
Develop Polish Ship Building/ Clamp Down on Danzig Branch
This allows either the subjugation of Danzig or transfer of industry to Gdynia. It also boosts Poland's naval capacity by building dockyards and giving it naval tech bonuses.
Prepare For The Next War Branch
This gives bonuses to army and airforce technologies. It also allows the modification of foreign materiel designers to not require consumer goods factories.
  • Plan East/ Plan West Sub-branch
This allows Poland to prepare for a future invasion from the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and/or the Flag of German Reich German Reich depending of the side of the sub-branch. Until the player has completed one side of the sub-branch, the other side cannot be started.
Complete the April Constitution Branch
The historical branch forces Poland balance between the Sanation Left, Sanation Right factions in the government with the risk of a civil war.
  • The Sanation Left Sub-branch
The upper part of the sub-branch gives concessions to the Sanation Left faction whilst making the Sanation Right side unhappy. The middle focus aligns Poland to the Sanation Left, thus removing the possibility of chosing other Sanation Right or the Castle focuses. The lower focuses allows the creation of a Baltic Alliance and allows for a DemocraticDemocratic Poland.
  • The Sanation Right Sub-branch
The upper part of the sub-branch gives concessions to the Sanation Right faction whilst making the Sanation Left side unhappy. The middle focus aligns Poland to the Sanation Right, thus removing the possibility of chosing other Sanation Left or the Castle focuses. The lower focuses allows the creation of a Baltic Alliance and allows for a FascistFascist Poland.
  • The Castle Sub-branch
The upper part of the sub-branch appeases both the Sanation Left and Sanation Right and keeping non-alignednon-aligned support. The middle focus keeps the Castle as head of the government, thus removing the possibility of chosing other Sanation Left or the Sanation Right focuses. The lower part of the sub-branch is allowed to be selected if the other Sanation factions are chosen. It allows Poland to align with the Allies and asks or demands alignment from Flag of Lithuania Lithuania or Flag of Romania Romania
Restore the Sejm Branch
This branch allows Poland to choose either DemocraticDemocratic, FascistFascist or CommunistCommunist ideologies. It is only available if the DLC No Step BackNo Step Back is disabled.
Organize the Peasant's Strike Branch
This allows Poland to side with the Peasant Revolt and either go DemocraticDemocratic or CommunistCommunist after a civil war. The CommunistCommunist path gives Poland the choice to align with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union or go independent. If Poland chooses to go DemocraticDemocratic, it has the choice to join the Allies or form a new faction with Flag of France France. It also allows Poland to gain colonial holdings in Flag of Liberia Liberia or Madagascar.
Assemble the Regency Council Branch
This branch allows Poland to form a Non-AlignedMonarchy and elect a King.
  • The Habsburg Sub-branch
This elects Karl Albrecht I as King of Poland and allowing him to become a field marshal. It creates a Personal UnionPersonal Union with Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia with the possibility of annexation and coring. It installs Otto von Habsburg as King of Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Hungary giving Poland a choice to make an alliance. It also gives cores and a war goal to several Flag of Germany German states.
  • The Hohenzollern/ The Commonwealth Claimant Sub-branch
This elects either Michał II of Romania or Friedrich Christian as King of Poland. The Hohenzollern side allows Poland to create a Personal UnionPersonal Union with Flag of Romania Romania and Flag of Hungary Hungary with the possibility of creating the Flag of Kingdom of Poland-Romania Kingdom of Poland-Romania. The Commonwealth side mirrors several focuses from the Lithuanian national focus tree and allows Poland to form the Flag of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • The Romanov Sub-branch
This secret sub-branch is only available if the player elects "Anastasia Romanov" as King of Poland through events. It gives war goals against the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia. It also allows the creation of the Slavic Union formable nation.
  • The Cossack-King Sub-branch
This elects Pavel Bermondt-Avalov as King of Poland, allows him to become a field marshal and switches the ruling party to FascismFascism. It gives war goals for the Baltic and Slovakian States and gives the player the choice between getting claims on and going to war with Flag of Germany Germany or becoming its ReichsprotectorateReichsprotectorate for claims on the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. Completing Complete the Bermontian Mission focus "Complete the Bermontian Mission" focus allows the creation of the Flag of Don Host Don Host and the Flag of Kuban Host Kuban Host as independent nations or puppets of Poland.
A Nationalist Constitution Branch
The FascistFascist branch allows Poland to become a ReichsprotectorateReichsprotectorate of Flag of Germany Germany and give them land for a chance to gain territory in a future war with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and it may allow Poland to declare a war for independence. Part of this side is shared with the Cossack-King Sub-branch. The player may also chose for Poland to be independent of Flag of Germany Germany and make its own faction with other FascistFalangist nations.
The Between The Seas Concept Branch
The Międzymorze branch of the tree allows Poland to ally Flag of Finland Finland, Flag of Denmark Denmark, Flag of Sweden Sweden, Flag of Norway Norway, Flag of Estonia Estonia, Flag of Latvia Latvia, Flag of Lithuania Lithuania, Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Flag of Austria Austria, Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Hungary, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Flag of Kingdom of Greece Greece or Flag of Turkey Turkey, and Flag of Italy Italy.
Prepare for the Inevitable Branch
These focuses allow Poland to continue the war effort even if it has capitulated with off map factories and manpower increases. It is available if the Man the GunsMan the Guns DLC is enabled.
  • Expand Polish Intelligence Sub-branch
These focuses allow the expansion of the Polish intelligence agency. It is available if the La RésistanceLa Résistance DLC is enabled. If the Man the GunsMan the Guns DLC is disabled, this sub-branch is still available as a separate branch.


Soviet Union[edit | edit source]

Soviet national focus tree.
Main article: Soviet national focus tree

Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, as one of the seven major powers, has a unique national focus tree.

The Soviet national focus tree can be divided into 7 branches and 9 sub-branches:

Infrastructure Effort/Heavy Industry Branch
The industrial branch gives bonuses to infrastructure and modifies the Idea SOV third five year plan.png Five Year Plan national spirit.
Transpolar Flights Branch
The airforce branch allows the Soviet Airforce Soviet Airforce national spirit to be modified.
Expand the Red Fleet Branch
The naval branch modifies the The Red Fleet The Red Fleet national spirit and gives bonuses to coastal states.
Found the PCDI Branch
This half of the army branch gives the national spirit Defense Industry Defense Industry and gives bonuses to artillery and armor as it gets modified when the player goes down the branch.
  • Military Engineering University Sub-branch
This sub-branch creates forts on strategically defensive locations and moves the industry to the Ural mountains.
Strengthen the Mobilization Plan Branch
This half of the army branch modifies the The Red Army The Red Army whilst giving bonuses to infantry divisions.
The Path of Marxism Leninism Branch
The CommunistCommunist branch opens up to the following sub-branches.
  • The Centre Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union to follow the historical CommunistStalinist path. It balances Stalin's SOV paranoia text icon.pngPolitical Paranoia, starts the Great Purge and modifies the The Politburo The Politburo national spirit.
  • The Left Opposition Sub-branch
This sub-branch places communistTrotsky as leader of the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union via civil war. Afterwards, it allows the fomentation of communistcommunist uprisings in foreign nations and allows the releasing of countries from within the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.
  • Gain Support From Party Members Sub-branch
This sub-branch is shared with the CommunistTrotskyists and the communistBukharinists. It allows gaining of support from advisors from the other sub-branch.
  • Strengthen the Trade Unions Sub-branch
This sub-branch is shared with the CommunistTrotskyists and the communistBukharinists. It allows the the Supreme Soviet to become the head of the CommunistCommunist party.
  • The Right Opposition Sub-branch
This sub-branch places communistBukharin as leader of the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union via civil war or a coup via Stalin's assassination. It allows the New Economic PolicyNew Economic Policy as a new economic law.
  • Addressing Internal Affairs Sub-branch
This handles internal politics with an increased number of propaganda campaigns.
  • The Comintern Sub-branch
This sub-branch handles external politics and alliances with the development of the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union's other allies in the east, political maneuvering with the other major European countries, on other eastern European nations, The Middle East, and Far East Asia.
Beaten, but not Defeated Branch
This branch prepares the Second Russian Civil War, allowing the end of CommunistCommunist rule in Flag of Soviet Union Russia. It also allows the donation of Sakhalin or Vladivostok to Flag of Japan Japan for help in the civil war.
  • Reconvene the Zemsky Sobor Sub-branch
The post-civil war sub-branch allows the coronation of Vladimir III as non-alignedTsar, thus reinstalling the Romanovs to the throne of Flag of Soviet Union Russia. It may also install a FascistFascist government with Konstantin Rodzayevsky as leader and relegating the Tsar to a figurehead. There is also the path in which Flag of Soviet Union Russia may become a non-alignedtheocracy, creating the Flag of Third Rome Third Rome with Arch-Patriarch Meletius as the head of state, forcing Vladimir III to resign.


United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

British national focus tree.
Main article: British national focus tree

The British national focus tree can be divided into 5 main branches and 6 distinct sub-branches:

Cryptologic Bomb/Limited Rearmament Branch
This branch gives technology research bonuses, factories and an extra research slot.
  • Limited Rearmament Sub-branch
This sub-branch gives air and naval research bonuses along with providing a collection of air bases and dockyards.
Reinforce the Empire Branch
This branch is centered around the industrial development of the colonies and the fortification of key territories, with the ultimate end goal of creating an Imperial Federation, which will have the United Kingdom annex all the colonies and gain cores on their territories.
  • Encourage Colonial Elite Sub-branch
The "Fortify East Asia" side of the sub-branch focuses on developing in Asian colonies, influencing Flag of China China and gaining a war goal against Flag of Japan Japan. The "Commonwealth Ties" side focuses on developing the Dominions, Autonomy or Independence for the Flag of British Raj British Raj and forming the Imperial Federation.
  • Mediterranean Bastion Sub-branch
This Sub-branch focuses on the development of the Mediterranean colonies, coercion of Balkan countries and Flag of Turkey Turkey, and gaining a war goal against Flag of Italy Italy.
Steady As She Goes Branch
The DemocracyDemocratic branch of the Focus tree. The UK will stay democratic and maintain the current government structure.
  • Home Defense Sub-branch
This DemocracyDemocratic sub-branch focuses on intervening against (and puppeting) the Scandinavian and Benelux countries, securing Flag of Iraq Iraq and Flag of Iran Iran, and eventually war with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and Flag of Germany Germany.


Revisit Colonial Policy Branch
This Branch focuses on decolonization, which effectively amounts to dismantling the British Empire, with some colonial territory kept as puppets, in exchange for getting more manpower and industry in the British homelands, and allowing the UK to concentrate on dealing with European affairs.
Global Defense Sub-branch
This DemocracyDemocratic sub-branch under the Steady As She Goes Branch focuses on placing Winston Churchill into power early, ending appeasement, eradicating pacifism and mobilizing the country for war followed by gaining war goals against countries with oil, Major European countries who caused World tension, and allowing justification against other democracyDemocratic countries.
A Change in Course Branch
This branch focuses on changing the government structure of the UK by switching the ideology of the government to NeutralityMonarchist, FascismFascist or communismCommunist.
  • The NeutralityMonarchist path focuses on setting up King Edward VIII as an absolute monarch, allying with Flag of Germany Germany and gaining war goals against Flag of Italy Italy and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. This path also allows the United Kingdom to gain a war goal against the Flag of United States United States to reinstate British rule by installing an American monarchy.
  • The FascismFascist section focuses on securing alliances with other European fascist nations against Flag of Germany Germany. The "God Save The King" section is shared with the Monarchist path and focuses on retaking the Dominions after they gain independence and gaining a war goal to annex the Flag of United States United States.
    Concessions to the Trade Unions Sub-branch
The communismCommunist sub-branch will cause the United Kingdom to become communist and opens up the choice between allying with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union or forming a new faction and then moving on to turn other European nations to communismcommunism, with the end goal of going to war with Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of United States United States and installing puppet regimes in each. It also forces the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom to take the decolonization focus and complete it within 2 years of becoming communist as otherwise a civil war will break out.


United States[edit | edit source]

American national focus tree.
Main article: American national focus tree

The American national focus tree can be divided into 4 branches and 3 Sub-Branches:

Continue the New Deal/ Reestablish the Gold Standard Branch
This branch allows the United States to begin removing the effects of the Great Depression in one of two ways, increase research, change political leanings or increase production.
The national focuses in the center of the branch are all DemocracyDemocratic and thus broadly historical, but on either edge of the branch (gated behind the national focuses "Suspend the Persecution" and "America First", respectively, lie the communismCommunist and fascismFascist branches of the national focus tree, both of which will cause a civil war if progressed through.
The centre branch diverges into two sub-branches; Limited Intervention and Neutrality Act.
  • Limited Intervention allows the United States to intervene in the approaching war in Europe or Asia earlier than historical by allowing them to send volunteers, guarantee independence and provide lend-lease at less World Tension in addition to improving espionage and eventually even permitting military action by enabling a set decisions for that, but this is not supported by either the House of Representatives or Senate (increasing opposition in both) and will make it harder to mobilise the economy.
  • Neutrality Act does the opposite; It restricts the country's foreign policy by preventing the United States from intervening in either Europe of Asia and causes the country to turn inwards. However, this inwards turn allows the United States to address the Great Depression more effectively and enables the US to begin building up its economy and mobilising itself more gradually and more effectively, which would allow them to be stronger and more prepared for when the time to go to war invariably comes. This is the historical path.
  • The communismCommunist branch requires the national focus Continue the New Deal and the fascismFascist branch requires the national focus Reestablish the Gold Standard. Both are mutually exclusive.
    Suspend the Persecution Sub-branch
This is the communismCommunist sub-branch. It focuses on gradually changing the political party to Communismcommunism and implementing various socialist policies to dismantle capitalism to form the Communist States of America Communist States of America. It then continues onwards to allying with other communist nations (either the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union or Flag of Communist China Communist China) and finally leads to forcefully demanding the decolonisation of the Pacific and declaring war on the european nations to end monarchism and shatter the colonial empires.
Taking either the Full Desegregation or Union Representation Act national focuses will lead to a civil war. It requires Man the GunsMan the Guns.
  • America First Sub-branch
This is the fascismFascist sub-branch. It focuses on gradually changing the ideology to Fascismfascism by allying with the Silver Legion of America led by William Dudley Pelley and Charles Lindbergh, having them recruit the German-American Bund and the Free Corps and acquiring foreign aid from other fascist powers to ultimately inaugurate the Flag of Confederated States of America Confederated States of America, thus allowing Pelley to seize power and install himself as "Chief" (an american equipvalent to "Führer" and "Il Duce") of America, dismantling democracy in the process.
From there, the path becomes extremely aggressive, as the War Powers Act opens up a set of national focuses that focus annexing Flag of Cuba Cuba, subjugating Flag of Mexico Mexico and annexing British Columbia from Flag of Canada Canada to create a land connection to Alaska. After that, the path of aggression escalates ever further, beginning with the subjugation of the entire American continent, demands for subordination to Pacific countries (or their overlords) before culminating in the aptly named national focus Global Hegemony which tops it all off with War Goals against all major powers, with the intent to turn them into puppet states and achieve World Domination.
Taking either the Voter Registration Act or Ally With the Silver Shirts national focuses will lead to a civil war. It requires Man the GunsMan the Guns.
War Plans Division Branch
This Branch improves planning speed and enables United States to take decisions that give attack and defense bonuses against all major countries and certain others as well, though it does not give War Goals (but those can be cained from the War Powers Act sub-branch under the Fascismfascist branch). It will also allow the United States to form a faction and invite democratic Latin American countries into it in addition to building coastal forts and naval bases in the Pacific.
War Department Branch
This Branch is a combined Army and Air Force Branch. It gives army and air technology research boosts as well as various production cost discounts to tanks and airplanes. It also allows the United States to increase it conscription law to Limited Conscription if it is below that and also adds 2% more recruitable manpower.
  • Two Ocean Navy Act Sub-branch
This Branch is the Navy Branch. It adds 10 Naval Dockyards to California and New York (5 each) and gives naval technology research boosts and production cost discounts to nearly every ship class except for submarines.


Together for Victory trees[edit | edit source]


Australia[edit | edit source]

The Australian national focus tree.
Main article: Australian national focus tree

Flag of Australia Australia, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Together for Victory expansion. Without the expansion, Australia utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The Australian national focus tree can be divided into 7 branches:

Additional Militia Training Branch
Focuses on providing research bonuses for Land Doctrines, Infantry equipment, Support Companies and Armour.
Expand the RAAF Branch
Focuses on improving the Air Force, including research bonuses for aircraft and air doctrines.
Cockatoo Island Shipyards Branch
Looks to upgrade the Australian Navy, focusing on ship and naval doctrine bonuses.
Standard Gauge Railway/ Industries Assistance Corporation Branch
Form a joint tree focusing on improving infrastructure and industrial capacity.
Establish Advisory War Council Branch
Acts as a domestic politics tree, providing means to lift the country out of the Great Depression, and additional research slots.
Support the Policy of Appeasement Branch
Keeps Australia within the Allies, providing access to Commonwealth technology sharing bonuses.
Never Another Gallipoli Branch
Causes Australia to leave the Allies, giving further options to remain a Democracy, or to realign with either Fascist or Communist ideologies.


British Raj[edit | edit source]

British Raj's national focus tree.
Main article: British Raj national focus tree

Flag of British Raj British Raj, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Together for Victory expansion. Without the expansion, the British Raj utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The British Raj has a unique focus tree with 3 main branches:

Provincial Elections branch
Focuses on gaining independence and modifies the debilitating national spirits of the British Raj.
Lessons of the Great War branch
Focuses on expanding the army, establishes the air force and gives elite infantry divisions.
Great Indian Peninsula Railway branch
Focuses on building infrastructure, naval dockyards, and gives extra research slots.


Canada[edit | edit source]

Canada's unique NF tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion).
Main article: Canadian national focus tree

Flag of Canada Canada, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Together for Victory expansion. Without the expansion, Canada utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

Canada's unique focus tree has six main branches:

Industrial and Internal Politics
A large, interwoven tree that serves to increase industrial capacity, resource availability and to lift the country out of the Great Depression. This first part of the tree is the most powerful, but most of it is locked behind War Bonds and Defense Regulations, which respectively require war and some world tension. These focuses should be picked as they become available to start the industrial expansion. Another key focus is Commit to War, which is necessary for any conscription law above Volunteer Only and mitigates the Great Depression penalties. Finally, the Canadian player must choose between Send In the Zombies to significantly increase their manpower pool, or National Steel Car to unlock their full industrial potential.
Army Modernization
The ground forces branch. Focuses on research bonuses for infantry, armor, artillery and support divisions. Requires Send In the Zombies from the industrial tree for the last focus tiers.
Strengthen the Commonwealth Ties
The historical path. Keeps Canada within the Allies, providing bonuses to Commonwealth technology sharing and other buffs to industry and resources.
Patriation
Canada severs ties with the United Kingdom, thereby allowing allowing Canada to leave the Allies. The first, democratic branch builds an alliance with the United States; the others are the fascist and communist paths. A notable option in the fascist branch is to bring Mexico over to fascism and mount a two-pronged invasion against the United States.
RCAF Station Borden
Provides bonuses to radar, aircraft and air doctrine research.
Halifax Shipyards
Focuses on the Canadian Navy, giving bonuses to ship model and naval doctrine research.


New Zealand[edit | edit source]

New Zealand's unique NF tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion).
Main article: New Zealand national focus tree

Flag of New Zealand New Zealand, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, gets a unique national focus tree (part of the Together for Victory expansion). Without the expansion New Zealand utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

New Zealand's unique focus tree has five main branches:

The First Labour Government
Acts as the political tree, providing both a means to deal with internal issues, and mutually exclusive branches on whether to remain within the Commonwealth, or to push for Independence as a Democratic, Fascist or Communist country.
Transfer the New Zealand Division
Focuses on developing a navy through construction of dockyards and bonuses to ship and naval doctrine research.
Expand the NZPAF
Provides bonuses to aircraft and air doctrine research.
National Roads Board
Acts as the industrial tree, buffing industrial capacity, resource extraction and research slots.
Army Reforms
Focuses on bonuses for Infantry, Armour and Artillery, and construction of military industry capacity.


South Africa[edit | edit source]

The South African national focus tree.
Main article: South African national focus tree

Flag of South Africa South Africa, along with other nations of the British commonwealth, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Together for Victory Together for Victory expansion. Without the expansion it utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

South Africa's unique focus tree has 6 main branches and 2 sub-branches:

War Measures Act/Support the Policy of Appeasement branch
This branch focuses on war preparations, mustering Flag of South Africa South Africa's industrial capacity as well as constructing strategic defensive forts. The other half of the branch reinforces cooperation with the rest of the Commonwealth.
Abandon Westminster branch
This branch focuses on independence from the Commonwealth, with a choice of becoming either a Fascism Fascist or Communism Communist country.
Support the Afrikaner Broederbond sub-branch
The Fascism Fascist sub-branch. This branch opens the possibility to switch to fascism by starting a civil war. The player can go for greater cooperation with the Flag of German Reich German Reich, which comes with substantial benefits, or start a faction of its own, with a policy of revanchism targeting the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom. In either case, former British king Edward VIII can be selected as the head of state.
Empower the Workers sub-branch
The Communism Communist sub-branch. One path aligns Flag of South Africa South Africa with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. The other is the most unique of the focus tree, Anti-Colonialist Crusade: Flag of South Africa South Africa declares war on the colonial powers to liberate Africa from their rule.
South African Railways branch
This branch focuses on improving infrastructure, expanding industrial capacity, and providing additional research slots.
Special Service Battalion branch
This branch provides bonuses to weapons, artillery and land doctrine research.
Commit to the Five-Year Plan branch
This branch provides bonuses to aircraft and air doctrine research.
Seaward Defense Force branch
This branch focuses on the navy, giving bonuses to ship models and naval doctrine research.


Death or Dishonor trees[edit | edit source]


Czechoslovakia[edit | edit source]

Czechoslovakian national focus tree.
Main article: Czechoslovakian national focus tree

Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, along with three other nations situated between the Flag of German Reich German Reich and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or DishonorDeath or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Czechoslovakia utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Czechoslovakia's unique focus tree has 7 distinct branches:

Fortification Studies branch
This centers around land fortifications needed to successfully defend against German aggression. Note that some foci in this section set the fort level in provinces instead of adding extra forts. Building forts is not advised, as they will be overwritten when a new fort level is set.
Industrial Legacy branch
This provides Czechoslovakia with additional factories and industrial bonuses.
Political Direction branch
Here Czechoslovakia is given options for steering politics & diplomacy towards one of the major factions or a faction of its own.
Strategic Decisions branch
These foci are similar to the political section but provide more interaction on cessions and research sharing.
Military Technical Institute branch
This branch is devoted to army technology.
Military Aeronautical Institute branch
This branch is devoted to the air force.
Access to the Sea branch
This branch is devoted to the navy. Note that this branch cannot be started until Czechoslovakia gains a coastal province.


Hungary[edit | edit source]

Hungarian national focus tree.
Main article: Hungarian national focus tree

The Flag of Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Hungary, along with three other nations situated between Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Hungary utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Hungarian national focus tree can be divided into 3 branches and 6 sub-branches:

Balanced Budget/Economic Intervention Branch
This branch allows Hungary to change its political stance.
  • Strengthen the Monarchists Sub-branch
This branch allows Hungary to end the regency and elect either a DemocracyDemocratic king (Carl V Wilhelm of Flag of Sweden Sweden), a FascismFascist king (Friedrich Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin of Flag of Germany Germany), or a NeutralityNon-Aligned Habsburg king (Otto von Habsburg of Flag of Austria Austria) as their ruler.
The Democratic king means closer ties with Flag of Sweden Sweden and either joining the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom and the Allies or allying with Flag of Romania Romania.
The Fascist king means aligning more with Flag of Germany Germany and the Axis and striving to create a Flag of Greater Hungary Greater Hungary. This sub-branch joins the Strengthen Fascists Sub-branch.
The Non-Aligned Habsburg king is the most unusual, as it involves starting an endeavour to rebuild the fallen Flag of Austria-Hungary Austro-Hungarian Empire by reuniting with Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (and there fore opposing and resisting German designs for said countries) and generating claims on lost lands in Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Flag of Romania Romania, Flag of Poland Poland and northern Flag of Italy Italy. The end of the sub-branch awards even more claims on territories in Flag of Germany Germany, Flag of France France and central Flag of Italy Italy.
  • Strengthen Fascists Sub-branch
This branch allows Hungary to become FascismFascist and create a Flag of Greater Hungary Greater Hungary and either join the Axis or create their own faction with Flag of Italy Italy.
  • Council of People's Commissars Sub-branch
This branch allows Hungary to become CommunismCommunist and join the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and the Comintern.
Industrial Revitalization Branch
This branch allows Hungary to develop its industry and unlock research slots. One of its sub-branches is connected to the Establish the Air-Force sub-branch.
  • Secret Rearmament Branch
This branch allows Hungary to cast off the Treaty of Trianon and start researching military tech.
  • Establish the Air-Force Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows the research and licensing of the Airforce.
  • Army Maneuvers Sub-branch
This sub-branch gives research bonuses for various types of Army equipment.
  • Naval Warfare Sub-branch
This sub-branch deals with the Navy but requires that Hungary controls a coastal state as they lack one in 1936.


Romania[edit | edit source]

Romanian national focus tree.
Main article: Romanian national focus tree

Flag of Romania Romania, along with three other nations situated between Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Romania utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Romanian national focus tree can be divided into 7 branches:

Preserve Greater Romania Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Romania Romania to join the Comintern, Axis or Allies or create the Cordon Sanitaire with Flag of Poland Poland and Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia. Unlike other focus trees, the separate ideologies in this tree are not mutually exclusive.
Civil Works/ National Defense Industry Sub-branch
This branch allows Flag of Romania Romania to develop its industry. To start this branch, one must start the "Preserve Greater Romania" or the "Balkans Dominance" Branch.
Balkans Dominance Branch
This branch allows Flag of Romania Romania to puppet, annex, split or declare war with Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria, Flag of Greece Greece, Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Flag of Turkey Turkey, Flag of Hungary Hungary or Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia.
Institute Royal Dictatorship Branch
This Branch handles the King and political ideology popularity. the ideologies are not mutually exclusive with each other.
Expand the Airforce Branch
This branch allows the research and licensing of the airforce.
Army Maneuvers Branch
This branch gives the player free division templates and a general as well as army research.
Expand the Galati Shipyards Branch
This branch researches the navy.

Yugoslavia[edit | edit source]

Yugoslavian national focus tree.
Main article: Yugoslavian national focus tree

Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, along with three other nations situated between Flag of Germany Germany and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Death or Dishonor expansion. Without the expansion, Yugoslavia utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Yugoslavia's unique focus tree has 6 main branches:

Western Focus branch
Allows the player to choose between increased centralization or increased autonomy for Yugoslavia's constituent states, and also to choose between remaining non-aligned, joining the Allies or joining the Axis.
Recognize the Soviet Union branch
Allows Yugoslavia to become communist, after which the player can choose between joining the Comintern or creating an independent faction for other Balkan countries to join.
Industrialization Program branch
Builds up the country, gives resources and factories, improves infrastructure and gives the option of focusing more on the main Serbian provinces or improving the country equally.
Modernize the Air Force branch
Improves the air force and builds military factories for aircraft production. The player can choose between producing their own aircraft or licensing foreign ones from other countries.
Army Modernization branch
Expands the army and gives bonuses for army research.
Expand the Shipyards branch
Expands the navy to better protect the homeland and gives bonuses for naval research.

Waking the Tiger trees[edit | edit source]


China[edit | edit source]

Chinese national focus tree.
Main article: Chinese national focus tree

Flag of China China gets a unique national focus tree in the Waking the Tiger Waking the Tiger expansion. Without the expansion, China utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

China's unique focus tree has 4 main branches:

Three Principles of the People
Focuses on the internal social affairs of the nation and regional political relations.
Military Affairs Commission
Focuses on military and fortification reform.
Unified Industrial Planning
Focuses on economic and technological build-up of the nation.
Invite Foreign Investors
Allows for expansion of foreign investment aimed at increasing Chinese power. This branch is shared with Flag of Communist China Communist China and Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo.

Chinese minors that destroy or displace the Chinese national government and declare themselves the legitimate government will adopt this national focus tree. Players of Chinese minors should review their own focus tree and that of Nationalist or Communist China when planning their game.

Communist China[edit | edit source]

People's Republic of China national focus tree.
Main article: Communist Chinese national focus tree

The Flag of Communist China Communist China gains a unique national focus tree in the Waking the Tiger Waking the Tiger DLC. Without this DLC enabled, Communist China uses the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Communist Chinese national focus tree can be divided into 3 branches:

Strengthen the Central Secretariat Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Communist China Communist China to either befriend the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, join with Flag of China Nationalist China, or go an independent path.
Land Redistribution Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Communist China Communist China to increase research slots, increase their popular support, and deal with External Politics.
  • The Yan'an Base Area Sub-branch
This Branch allows Flag of Communist China Communist China to deal with the Flag of Japan Japanese threat, ally and infiltrate Flag of China China, and increase military power.
Invite Foreign Investors Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Communist China Communist China to ask Major Countries for industrial support.


Manchukuo[edit | edit source]

Manchu national focus tree.
Main article: Manchu national focus tree

Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo gets a national focus with the Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger expansion. Its "Invite Foreign Investors" branch is shared with Flag of China China, Flag of Communist China Communist China and the Chinese Warlords if they change their focus tree.

The Manchu national focus tree can be divided into 2 branches. Their unique branch contains 2 sub-branches:

Pacify the Countryside Branch
This is the beginning of Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo's unique branch.
  • Obedience Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo to stay obedient to the Flag of Japan Japanese and allows for becoming independent without going to war with Flag of Japan Japan In exchange for loyalty, Manchukuo is awarded with a much greater industry through Japanese investment and they can also gain cores on all of Flag of China China, Flag of Shanxi Shanxi, Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma, Flag of Yunnan Yunnan, Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique and Flag of Communist China Communist China.
  • Assertiveness Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo to declare war against Flag of Japan Japan to gain independence, reclaim the Mandate of Heaven and annex Flag of China China, Flag of Shanxi Shanxi, Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma, Flag of Yunnan Yunnan, Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique and Flag of Communist China Communist China to reunite China and restore the Flag of Chinese Empire Qing Dynasty.
Invite Foreign Investors Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo to ask Major Countries for industrial support, with the evnetual end goal of industrialising the nation-state and renegotiating the Unequal Treaties and thus earning them recognition as the legitimate government of China, thus allowing them to unite China decisively. It is shared with the other Chinese nations.


Chinese warlords[edit | edit source]

Chinese warlord national focus tree.
Main article: Warlords national focus tree

The Chinese warlords (Flag of Yunnan Yunnan, Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang, Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi, Flag of Shanxi Shanxi, and Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma) share a unique national focus tree in the Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger DLC. Without the expansion the warlords use the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Warlord national focus tree can be divided into 2 branches and 3 sub-branches:

Secure Internal Politics Branch
This branch begins the political focuses for the Warlords.
  • Cooperation With the Nationalists sub-branch
This branch allows the Warlords to side with Flag of China Nationalist China. This will replace the current focus tree with the Chinese national focus tree.
  • Cooperation With the Communists sub-branch
This branch allows the Warlords to side with Flag of Communist China Communist China and be able to replace and annex them with Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Support. When replacing Flag of Communist China Communist China, The current focus tree will change into the Communist Chinese national focus tree and all Their national spirits will be yours.
  • Opposition sub-branch
This branch allows the Warlords to instigate Border Clashes with the other Chinas, side with the Japanese and then proclaim a rival government different to Flag of China Nationalist and Flag of Communist China Communist China
Industrial Investment Branch
This is the Industrial branch of the focus tree.


Man the Guns trees[edit | edit source]


Mexico[edit | edit source]

Mexican national focus tree.
Main article: Mexican national focus tree

Flag of Mexico Mexico gets a national focus in the Man the GunsMan the Guns DLC. Without the expansion, Mexico uses the Generic national focus tree.

The Mexican national focus tree can be divided into 2 Branches and 4 Sub-branches:

National Bank Branch
This branch focuses on infrastructure, removing the threat of the Caudillo civil war or changing the political party to CommunismCommunism.
  • Military Budget Review Sub-branch
This Sub-branch focuses on military technology.
  • Oil Field Expansion Sub-branch
This Sub-branch deals with foreign relations with major countries and joining their faction.
Plan of Agua Prieta Branch
This branch focuses on switching the political party to either DemocracyDemocracy, FascismFascism or CommunismCommunism. The FascismFascist or CommunismCommunist focuses increase or decrease Church Power respectively.
  • Control the Army Sub-branch
This sub-branch deals with increasing or decreasing the power of the Church.
  • March Southwards Sub-branch
This sub-branch gives war goals against other countries within the Americas.


Netherlands[edit | edit source]

Dutch national focus tree.
Main article: Dutch national focus tree

The Dutch national focus tree can be divided into 3 branches and 5 sub-branches:

Obtain Foreign Colonial Investments Branch
This branch expands Dutch industry in the colonies and allows the Dutch to move their government to the Flag of Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies in case it capitulates and gain war goal against Flag of Venezuela Venezuela.
Abandon the Gold Standard Branch
This Branch allows the expansion of the industry in the European Mainland and removing the De Crisisjaren national spirit.
  • Overturn Military Budget Cuts Sub-branch
This sub-branch focuses on removing the pacifism in the country and increases military technology.
Form New Government Branch
This branch allows The Netherlands to choose either Flag of Germany German or Flag of United Kingdom British influence or head a neutral path.
  • Volk en Vaderland Sub-branch
The fascistfascist sub-branch allows the Netherlands to ally with Flag of Germany Germany, Placate the Flag of Japan Japanese with the Flag of Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies or gain war goals on former colonial holdings and other Benelux nations.
  • Legacy of the "De Zeven Provinciën" Mutiny Sub-branch
The communistcommunist sub-branch allows the Netherlands to release its colonial holdings, Join the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet or Flag of France French faction and gain war goals on non-communist western major nations and the Benelux.
  • Oranje Boven! Sub-branch
The neutralitymonarchist sub-branch allows Netherlands to make Wilhelmina head of government, gain guarantees from the Flag of United States United States and take manpower from the Flag of Germany Germans.
  • "Unity Through Democracy" Sub-Branch
The democraticdemocratic sub-branch allows the Netherlands to form the Benelux faction, invite other democratic European countries and create the European Union.


La Résistance trees[edit | edit source]


Portugal[edit | edit source]

Portuguese national focus tree.
Main article: Portuguese national focus tree

Flag of Portugal Portugal gets a unique national focus tree with the La Résistance La Résistance expansion. Without the expansion, it utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Portuguese national focus tree can be divided into 5 branches and 5 sub-branches:

Colonial Assimilation Policy branch
This branch focuses on managing the Portuguese colonies and their industries.
Continue the Public Works branch
This branch focuses on industry expansion in Portugal, additional research slots and land and air military research boosts.
Second Navy Reequipment branch
This branch focuses on the naval industry expansion, additional research slot and navy research boosts.
Army Reorganization branch
This branch focuses on military infrastructure and land doctrines.
Popular Front/Estado Novo branch
This branch allows Portugal to choose its ideology, ruling party, and stance about the Spanish Civil War.
Nation in Arms sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to become communist and join the Comintern.
Support the Spanish Republic sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to become communist and spread it in South America.
Strict Neutrality in the Spanish Civil War sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to go democratic and join the Allies.
Support the Spanish Nationalists sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to join the Allies, remain unaligned, join the Axis or become the Fifth Empire.
A Royal Wedding sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to become a monarchy.


Spain[edit | edit source]

Spanish national focus tree.

Flag of Spain Spain gets a unique national focus tree with the La Résistance La Résistance expansion, which will split into two separate trees once the Spanish Civil War breaks out. Without the expansion, it utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

Nationalist Spain[edit | edit source]
Main article: Nationalist Spanish national focus tree

The Nationalist Spanish national focus tree can be divided into 11 sections. 1 pre civil war branch leading into 3 main branches and 2 shared branches. A post civil war sub-branch can be split from each of these Branches:

A Great Spain Branch
This pre Spanish Civil War branch gives Spain popularity to the FascistFascist and Non-AlignedNon-Aligned parties, Political PowerPolitical Power, garrison control over various Spanish states, and various divisions during the Spanish Civil War. Unlike the Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spanish national focus tree, these focuses take 28 or 35 days rather than 70 days.
Flag of Falangist SpainThe Phalanx Ascendant Branch
This branch allows the Flag of Falangist Spain Falangists to take power, increase StabilityStability, create minor uprisings against Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spain, gain a research slot and gain Civilian factoryCivilian and Military factoryMilitary factories. This path will force the Flag of Carlist Spain Carlists to declare war making another faction to fight against in the civil war.
The National-Syndicalist State Sub-branch
Once the Spanish Civil War is over, this sub-branch allows Flag of Falangist Spain Falangist Spain to expand its navy, gain a research slot, gain factories and give army bonuses in recruitable population and training time. It recreates the Spanish Empire with war goals against Flag of Portugal Portugal and its colonies, Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, Flag of France France, Flag of Italy Italy, The Flag of United States United States, former Spanish Colonies and Flag of Brazil Brazil.
Flag of Falangist SpainFlag of Nationalist SpainThe Corpo Truppe Volontarie/The Condor Legion Branch
This branch is shared between the Flag of Falangist Spain Falangists and the Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalists. It allows Flag of Italy Italy and Flag of Germany Germany to send more volunteers to aid in the civil war. It also gives forts on the Flag of France French border, stability, political power and research bonuses.
The National And Popular Army of Spain/Join the Axis/National Recovery sub-branch
Once the Spanish Civil War is over, it gives the Flag of Falangist Spain Falangists and the Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalists research bonuses for the army, factories, infrastructure, reduces the effects of the "Recovering From Civil War" national spirit and gives national recovery bonuses.
Flag of Nationalist SpainUnify the Nationalist Front Branch
This branch focuses on aligning the FascistFalangist and non-alignedCarlist factions under the leadership of Francisco Franco as Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain. It gives stability and war support, and combat bonuses. It will also bypass an impending Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist revolt. There is also a focus that allows Flag of Portugal Portugal to send more volunteers which leads to two focuses that can only be done once the Spanish Civil War is over. These two focuses allow Spain to ally Flag of Portugal Portugal and create the Latin Bloc which also allies with Flag of Vichy France Vichy France, Flag of Italy Italy and other Iberian countries if they are available.
Join the Allies/Adopt the 26 Points Sub-branch
Once the Spanish Civil War is over, it allows Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain to join the Flag of United Kingdom British or Flag of United States American faction, which gives naval bonuses, factories, boosts national recovery and removes the "Recovering From Civil War" national spirit. It adds a research slot. The Adopt the 26 Points sub-branch leads to a section that is shared with Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain. The Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain exclusive section allows Francisco Franco to become dictator for life and leads to focuses that allows the sending of volunteers and wargoals against Flag of France France and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.
Flag of Nationalist SpainFlag of Carlist SpainUtilize the Intellectuals Branch
This branch is shared between the Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalists and the Flag of Carlist Spain Carlists. It gives a research slot.
Restore the Monarchy Sub-branch
These focuses can only be selected after the Spanish Civil War is over. If the Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalists take this branch, Alfonso XIII becomes leader of the Non-AlignedNon-Aligned party. If the Flag of Carlist Spain Carlists take this branch, it fulfills the choice made in the Settle the Succession Question focus and creates the Kingdom of Spain. Jaime IV replaces Alfonso XIII if the focus is not taken by February 28, 1941. The rest of the branch gives air buildings and forts on naval bases. These focuses must be taken by Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain in order to unlock the wargoal for Gibraltar and West Africa. Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain cannot take the focuses following these.
Flag of Carlist SpainSupremacy of the Communion Branch
This branch allows the Flag of Carlist Spain Carlists to prepare insurrections in the civil war, gain army bonuses, gain air and army research bonuses and civilian factories. This path will force the Flag of Falangist Spain Falangists to declare war making another faction to fight against in the civil war.
Settle the Succession Question Sub-branch
After the Spanish Civil War, this sub-branch allows Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist Spain to chose between Alfonso XIII or Javier I as King of Spain. Jaime IV replaces Alfonso XIII if the focus is not taken by February 28, 1941. It also gives naval research bonuses, a research slot and war goals against the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, the Flag of Netherlands Netherlands, Flag of Belgium Belgium, Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg, the Flag of United States United States, Flag of Cuba Cuba and the Flag of Philippines Philippines. If France has Alphonse I as King, they may decide to become a Spanish Puppet. Otherwise, Spain gets a wargoal. Flag of Portugal Portugal may also chose to be annexed and cored by Spain or give wargoals.


Republican Spain[edit | edit source]
Main article: Republican Spanish national focus tree

The Republican Spanish national focus tree can be divided into 12 sections. 1 pre civil war branch leading into 3 main branches and 2 shared branches. A post civil war sub-branch can be split from each of these branches. The post civil war Communist Branch can be divided into 2 separate sub branches:

The Popular Front Branch
This pre-Spanish Civil War branch gives Republican Spain army battalions when the Civil War begins as well as disadvantages to the Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalists. It also gives political power. These focuses take longer than the Nationalist pre-war focuses so it is in the player's best interest to extend the pre-civil war preparations until all the focuses are complete (The final focus will start the civil war).
Flag of Anarchist SpainRegional Defense Council of Aragon Branch
The AnarchistAnarchist branch of the focus tree allows beneficial modifiers to the Anarchist Society Anarchist Society national spirit as well as the special Collectivized SocietyCollectivized Society economy law and "Council" government advisors. This branch also creates an Anarchist civil war in Flag of Portugal Portugal which may lead to its annexation and coring of all its core states.
Torchbearers of Tomorrow Sub-branch
Once the Spanish Civil War is over, Flag of Anarchist Spain Anarchist Spain may rebuild its economy in preparation for future wars. This branch also gives bonuses to war goal justification time and decisions to create anarchist uprisings in foreign nations as well as the coring of states with high compliance.
Flag of Anarchist SpainFlag of Communist SpainInternational Brigades/Seize the Gold Reserves Branch
This branch is shared between Flag of Anarchist Spain Anarchists and Flag of Communist Spain Communists. It allows a weekly manpower boost during the civil war, the seizure of gold reserves for factory output and factories and will lead to another front against the rival ideology within the Republican side of the Civil War. It is required in order to progress through the focus tree.
Collective Recovery Efforts Sub-branch
Once the Civil War is over, Spain can take the Collective Recovery Efforts focus Collective Recovery Efforts focus in order to progress to the rest of the post civil war focuses. The other two focuses give bonuses to the navy.
Flag of Communist SpainThe Anti-Fascist Worker's Revolution Branch
The CommunistCommunist Branch of the focus tree splits into two sections. The left path allows the creation of a CommunistCommunist alliance against the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and the creation of Flag of Communist Spain The Spanish Commune. This allows the ability to take the focuses shared with the Flag of Anarchist Spain Anarchists and the All Must Do Their Part Sub-branch. The right path allows the alliance with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and the creation of Flag of Communist Spain The People's Republic of Spain. This allows the ability to take the focuses shared with the Flag of Republican Spain Republicans and the Red Bulwark in the West Sub-branch.The center of the branch is shared with both paths and allows bonuses in the industry. The Focus Increase Arms Production focus Increase Arms Production may be taken by the Flag of Republican Spain Republicans if they take the Increase Arms Production focus Communists in the Government focus.
All Must Do Their Part Sub-branch
This post civil war sub-branch allows Flag of Communist Spain The Spainish Commune to recover from the Spanish Civil War, make an alliance with other CommunistCommunist nations not in Asia, and get war goals against every European FascistFascist nation, Flag of Mexico Mexico and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.
Red Bulwark in the West Sub-branch
This post civil war sub-branch allows Flag of Communist Spain The People's Republic of Spain to try to increase its autonomy if it is a puppet of the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, gain war goals on Flag of Portugal Portugal, Flag of France France and all other nations who sent volunteers to the Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist side. This sub-branch is also shared with Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spain if they take the Increase Arms Production focus Communists in the Government focus and may be done before the civil war is over this way.
Flag of Communist SpainFlag of Republican SpainStrengthen the Euzko Gudarostea Branch
This branch is shared between the Flag of Communist Spain Communists and the Flag of Republican Spain Republicans. It seeks aid from the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union for the civil war and in return, Spain will become a puppet under them. It also creates a third faction in the civil war from the Flag of Anarchist Spain Anarchists.
Soviet Recovery Aid Sub-branch
This post civil war sub-branch further increases military development if the Spain is still in a faction with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.
Flag of Republican SpainMaintain the Second Republic Branch
The DemocraticDemocratic branch allows Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spain to increase StabilityStability and military strength. It also asks Flag of France France's help in lend lease. Spain may Oppose the Communists focus Oppose the Communists which leads to independence from the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and allows Spain to stay Democratic. Spain may also allow Communists in the Government focus Communists in the Government which will allow Spain to become CommunistCommunist and take the Increase Arms Production focus Increase Arms Production and the Red Bulwark in the West Sub-branch in the Flag of Communist Spain Communist side of the focus tree.
Subvert Soviet Control/Stabilize the Nation/Restore Higher Education Sub-branch
This post civil war branch allows Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spain to declare war for independence against the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union with the aid of either the DemocraticDemocratic nations or Flag of Germany Germany and Flag of Italy Italy. It also increases military capability and allows Spain to join in the war against the FascistFascist majors.


Battle for the Bosporus trees[edit | edit source]


Bulgaria[edit | edit source]

Bulgarian national focus tree.
Main article: Bulgarian national focus tree

Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Battle for the Bosporus expansion. Without the expansion, Bulgaria utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The Bulgarian national focus tree can be divided into 2 branches which can be divided into 13 sub-branches:

Acquire Modern Tools Branch
This branch upgrades Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria's industry and military capabilities.
  • Improve the Road System Sub-branch
This allows Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria to upgrade its industrial capabilities alone or with the help of foreign powers.
  • Georgi Benkovski Aircraft Repair Facilities/ Negotiate Bulgarian Rearmament Sub-branch
This allows Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria to upgrade its army and airforce as well as gain design companies that can be enhanced with the national focus Prussia of the Balkans focus Prussia of the Balkans.
  • A Black Sea Fleet Sub-branch
This allows Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria to gain technology boosts with its navy.
  • Prussia of the Balkans/ Supremacy on the Bosporus sub-branch
These focuses give Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria a strong national spirit, defensive buildings in the Bosporus, and War goalwar goals against nations bordering the Adriatic, Aegean and Black Seas.
Oppose the Royal Dictatorship/ Power to the Tsar Branch
The political branch of the focus tree allows the manipulation of faction loyalties within Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria as well as giving or taking Tsar Boris III's power in government.
  • Appoint Communist Ministers Sub-branch
The CommunistCommunist sub-branch allows sending volunteers to the Spanish Civil War, asking the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union for assistance, befriending Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia and creating the People's Republic of Bulgaria.
  • Full Voting Rights for Women Sub-branch
This is shared between the CommunistCommunist and DemocraticDemocratic sub-branches. Depending on which sub-branch is chosen, this gives a bigger boost to the respective ideology.
  • Democratic Principles Sub-branch
The DemocraticDemocratic sub-branch allows the cooperation or abolishment of the Tsar as well as befriending Flag of Kingdom of Greece Greece
  • Ban Far-Right Organizations/ Restrained Paramilitary Organizations Sub-branch
This is shared between the DemocraticDemocratic and Non-AlignedMonarchist sub-branches and it manipulates the internal factions of the country.
  • Liberalization of Trade Policies Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows the assassination of Tsar Boris III and brings either the return of Tsar Ferdinand I or the rule of Tsar Simeon II under a regency.
  • The Tsar's Regime/ Appoint Right-Wing Ministers Sub-branch
This shared Non-alignedMonarchist and FascistFascist sub-branch allows the increase of power to Tsar Boris III or his deposition. It also asks Flag of Germany Germany and Flag of Italy Italy for foreign assistance.
  • Follow the Stalinist Doctrine/ Balkan Federation of Socialist Republics/ A Balkan Confederation Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria to join the Comintern , form an independent CommunistCommunist faction, or a democratic confederacy. Bulgaria may ask for the annexation of the other Balkan countries to form the Flag of United Balkan Federation United Balkan Federation
  • Approach the United Kingdom Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria to join the Allies, ask the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom to transfer historical Bulgarian states from allied members and guarantee other Balkan states.
  • The Fate of the Balkans/ Join the Tripartite Pact Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria create the Greater Bulgarian Federation or join the Axis. Bulgaria may form the Flag of Third Bulgarian Empire Third Bulgarian Empire.


Greece[edit | edit source]

Greek national focus tree.
Main article: Greek national focus tree

Flag of Greece Greece gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Battle for the Bosporus expansion. Without the expansion, Greece utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The Greek national focus tree can be divided into 4 branches and 6 sub-branches:

Bring Home the Exiled Republicans Branch
This branch allows Flag of Greece Greece to form a DemocraticDemocratic, FascistByzantine or CommunistCommunist government.
  • Compromise with the Monarchists Sub-branch
This sub-branch forms a DemocraticDemocratic government in Flag of Greece Greece, Create Flag of Hellas Hellas or recreate the Flag of Byzantine Empire Byzantine Empire and turn FascistFascist.
  • Request Communist Support Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Greece Greece to form a CommunistCommunist government, ally with the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union to start a border conflict for the Bosporus or go their own way and incite a communist rebellion in Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
The King's Government Branch
This branch allows Flag of Greece Greece to make George II an absolute neutralityMonarch with threat of civil war or have Metaxas take control of the government.
  • Use the Military Sub-branch
This Non-alignedNon-aligned sub-branch allows Flag of Greece Greece to make alliances with the Central Powers or the Allies, achieve Enosis with Flag of Republic of Cyprus Cyprus and form Flag of Macedonian Empire Macedonian Empire with George II.
  • An Orthodox State Sub-branch
These focuses upgrade the Metaxism national spirit and are required if the player wants to keep it.
  • Recruit the Fascists Sub-branch
This FascistFascist sub-branch allows Flag of Greece Greece to make alliances with the Axis, and form Flag of Macedonian Empire Macedonian Empire with George Mercouris or Flag of Hellas Hellas with Ioannis Metaxas.
  • The Four Year Plan Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Greece Greece to negotiate with foreign major powers and upgrade the Schachtplan.
Devaluating the Drachma Branch
This branch helps pay foreign debts, increase industry, cooperate or crack down on foreign monopolies and focus on either industrializing or sticking with Greece's agrarian society.
Hellenic Armed Forces Branch
This branch expands military technology and gives mountain training bonuses to infantry units.


Turkey[edit | edit source]

Turkish national focus tree.
Main article: Turkish national focus tree

Flag of Turkey Turkey gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Battle for the Bosporus expansion. Without the expansion, Turkey utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The Turkish national focus tree can be divided into 2 branches The first can be divided into 3 sections with multiple sub-branches within:

The Montreux Convention Branch
This branch allows Turkey to manipulate its internal politics.

The Montreux Convention Branch can be divided into 5 sections which pivot Turkey's internal politics.

  • Privatize the Anadolu Agency Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to become DemocraticDemocratic, integrate the Kurdish states and increase infrastructure. If Adnan Menderes is the leader, it will force a civil war.
  • The Sanayiciler Sub-branch
The industry sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to remove its Debt Council and gain foreign investments with the help of the old Great Powers and the United States. Turkey must not be CommunistCommunist.
  • Treaty of Saadabad Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to be neutral internationally, have non-aggression pacts with middle eastern nations, take the state of Hatay and either following or deny The Legacy of Atatürk.
  • Peace at Home/ Reinvigorate Turkish Nationalism Sub-branch
This Non-AlignedNon-Aligned sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to deal with the Kurdish, Kemalist and Traditionalist factions. If the Kemalist Officers have too much power and Turkey has low stability, it will start a civil war.
  • Rehabilitate the Kadro Movement Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to become FascistFascist or CommunistCommunist. It also allows the sending of volunteers to the Spanish Civil War.
Pivot to the Past Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to reform the Flag of Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire, rejoin the Central Powers, recreate Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary or create the Saadabad Concordat with other Middle Eastern nations.
Reconfigure Turkish Foreign Policy Sub-branch
This sub-branch starts Flag of Turkey Turkey's foreign relations with either the Allies, the Axis or the Comintern and is able to get bonuses from the major nations.
  • Join the Allies Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to join the Allies, gain bonuses in the airforce or navy, get war goals against Flag of Romania Romania or Flag of Iran Iran and ask Flag of United Kingdom Britain for their Middle Eastern states.
  • The Mediterranean Entente/ Join the Axis Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to join the Axis or form the Covenant of the Mediterranean with Flag of Italy Italy. The Mediterranean side of the branch allows the Flag of Bulgaria Bulgarians and Flag of Portugal Portuguese to join and the choice between war or alliance with Flag of Greece Greece or Flag of Nationalist Spain Spain. It also would give war goals against the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, Flag of France France or the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. The Axis path allows an alliance with Flag of Germany Germany, military bonuses and meddling in Flag of Iraq Iraq.
  • The Anti-Bolshevik Mediterranean Bloc/ Readdress the Montreux Convention Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to join the Comintern which allows military bonuses and war with Flag of Iran Iran and Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria.It also allows the formation of an alliance with Flag of Spain Spain and wargoals against the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, Flag of France France and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.
  • Misak-ı Millî Sub-branch
This branch breaks Flag of Turkey Turkey's alliances to expand into the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Flag of China China to create the Flag of Turan Turanian Empire.
Continue to Prioritize Balkan Integrity Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to create an alliance with the other Balkan nations and would get bonuses that will benefit all faction members.
Learning From the Great War/ Hava Okulu Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to increase its armed force research bonus and fort construction speed.


No Step Back trees[edit | edit source]


Estonia[edit | edit source]

Estonian national focus tree.
Main article: Estonian national focus tree

Flag of Estonia Estonia, along with the other Baltic States, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the No Step BackNo Step Back expansion. Without the expansion, Estonia utilizes the generic national focus tree.

The Estonian national focus tree can be divided into 4 branches and 3 sub-branches:

Rejoin the Railways Branch
This shared Baltic branch upgrades the industry and military of Estonia. The left side requires investment from a FascistFascist or DemocraticDemocratic major.
Restore the Worker's Republic Branch
This shared Baltic branch allows Estonia to turn CommunistCommunist and either become a Flag of Soviet Union Soviet puppet or independent. It also allows expansion to the other Baltic states and Scandinavia.
The Era of Silence Branch
This historical branch gives Estonia military and civilian factories, industrial bonuses and the decision to either turn DemocraticDemocratic or to stay Non-AlignedNon-Aligned. It also removes the Vaps threat and gives the possibility to surrender to an invading nation and become its puppet.
  • Formalize the Baltic Entente/ Beyond the Baltic Sub-branch
This shared Baltic branch allows Estonia to ally with the other Baltic countries and gives bonuses to manpower and industry to all allied Baltic country and decide whether or not to unite the Baltic States. It also allows Estonia to ally the United Kingdom or any other DemocraticDemocratic faction.
Rally the Nation Branch
This FascistFascist branch may trigger a civil war, but it allows Estonia to flip Flag of Finland Finland Fascist and later annexing and gaining cores on it. It allows Estonia to gain war goals against the other Scandinavian nations or the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union and either create the Flag of Nordic League Nordic League or create the Flag of Estonia-Finland Estonia-Finland League and later the Flag of Empire of Finno-Ugra Empire of Finno-Ugra.
  • The Threat on Our Border Sub-branch
This gives Land fortland forts on border provinces and, depending on which country was chosen as the greater threat, gives attack and defensive bonuses against Flag of Germany Germany or the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.
  • Prepare for the Inevitable Sub-branch
This allows Estonia to build up an industry and army after it has capitulated.


Latvia[edit | edit source]

Latvian national focus tree.
Main article: Latvian national focus tree

Flag of Latvia Latvia, along with the other Baltic States, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the No Step BackNo Step Back expansion. Without the expansion, Latvia utilizes the generic national focus tree.

The Latvian national focus tree can be divided into 3 branches and 3 sub-branches:

Rejoin the Railways Branch
This shared Baltic branch upgrades the industry and military of Latvia. The left side requires investment from a FascistFascist or DemocraticDemocratic major.
Restore the Worker's Republic Branch
This shared Baltic branch allows Latvia to turn CommunistCommunist and either become a Flag of Soviet Union Soviet puppet or independent. It also allows expansion to the other Baltic states and Scandinavia.
Suspend the Constitution of Latvia Branch
This allows Latvia to modify the Saeima, the Latvian Parliament, to DemocracyDemocracy or Non-AlignedNon-Aligned/Militarist. It also allows Latvia to become the Latvian Military Directorate if the military dictatorship path is chosen.
  • Formalize the Baltic Entente/ Beyond the Baltic Sub-branch
This shared Baltic branch allows Latvia to ally with the other Baltic countries and gives bonuses to manpower and industry to all allied Baltic country and decide whether or not to unite the Baltic States. It also allows Latvia to ally the United Kingdom or any other DemocraticDemocratic faction.
  • Empower the Paramilitarists Sub-branch
This allows Latvia to either go further DemocraticDemocratic or follow a FascistFascist path. The FascistFascist path allows Latvia to go against, or ally Flag of Germany Germany, or go alone. It makes Dievturība the state religion and allows the creation of either Flag of Ostland Ostland or the Flag of Baltic Federation Baltic Assembly.
  • The Threat on Our Border Sub-branch
This allows Latvia to choose which country is the a threat then build up an industry and army after it has capitulated or become a subject to the enemy nation.


Lithuania[edit | edit source]

Lithuanian national focus tree.
Main article: Lithuanian national focus tree

Flag of Lithuania Lithuania, along with the other Baltic States, gets a unique national focus tree as part of the No Step BackNo Step Back expansion. Without the expansion, Lithuania utilizes the generic national focus tree.

The Lithuanian national focus tree can be divided into 3 branches and 5 sub-branches:

Rejoin the Railways Branch
This shared Baltic branch upgrades the industry and military of Lithuania. The left side requires investment from a FascistFascist or DemocraticDemocratic major.
Restore the Worker's Republic Branch
This shared Baltic branch allows Lithuania to turn CommunistCommunist and either become a Flag of Soviet Union Soviet puppet or independent. It also allows expansion to the other Baltic states and Scandinavia.
Reconvene the Seimas Branch
This gives the decision to set Augustinas Voldemaras free, causing Lithuania to organize the Iron Wolf partisans and turn Lithuania fascistfascist. It also allows the formation of Flag of Greater Lithuania Greater Lithuania and gives cores and War goalWar goal against surrounding countries.
  • Lithuanian Preservationism Sub-branch
This Non-alignedNon-aligned sub-branch modifies the Seimas and can make Lithuania a Military Dictatorship.
  • A King for Our People Sub-branch
The neutralityMonarchist sub-branch enthrones Karl Gero von Urach as Mindaugas III, King of Lithuania. It creates a Personal UnionPersonal Union with Flag of Poland Poland, gives claims on former Greater Lithuanian territory, and creates the Flag of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It may also create the Flag of Kingdom of Livonia Kingdom of Livonia.
  • Formalize the Baltic Entente/ Beyond the Baltic Sub-branch
This shared Baltic branch allows Lithuania to ally with the other Baltic countries and gives bonuses to manpower and industry to all allied Baltic country and decide whether or not to unite the Baltic States. It also allows Lithuania to ally the United Kingdom or any other DemocraticDemocratic faction.
  • Integrate the Opposition/ Rastiki's Military Reforms Sub-branch
This sub-branch has no ideology preference requirements, but it has focuses that allows Lithuania to become DemocraticDemocratic. It also can give political advisors and improves or hurts relations with Flag of Poland Poland, Flag of Germany Germany or the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union.
  • Prepare for the Inevitable/ Appease the Russians/ Appease the Germans Sub-branch
This allows Lithuania to build up its industry and army after it has capitulated or appease the Flag of Germany Germans or Flag of Soviet Union Russians and become a puppet.


By Blood Alone trees[edit | edit source]


Ethiopia[edit | edit source]

Ethiopian national focus tree.
Main article: Ethiopian national focus tree

Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia gets a unique national focus tree as part of the By Blood AloneBy Blood Alone expansion. Without the expansion, Ethiopia utilizes the generic national focus tree.

The Ethiopian national focus tree can be divided into 6 branches and 4 sub-branches:

Ecole Militaire Haile Selassie 1er Branch
This branch gives buffs to Ethiopia’s army, navy, and air force. It also provides small research bonuses.
Develop Shewa Branch
This branch gives Ethiopia factories, railroads, dockyards, and research slots.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War Branch
This branch gives Ethiopia temporary bonuses to strengthen them in the fight against Flag of Italy Italy.
Rally Around the Emperor Branch
This branch will keep Haile Selassie I as the Emperor of Ethiopia. The country can attempt to get support from the international community in their anti-colonialist fight.
  • The Emperor Stays Sub-branch
Haile Selassie will remain in Ethiopia to fight the Italians more directly. This sub-branch sees Ethiopia go more independent of the international community.
  • Boarding the Train Sub-branch
While remaining the Ethiopian leader, Haile Selassie will leave the country to directly address the League of Nations to appeal for assistance.
Reach Out to the Italians Branch
This FascistFascist branch will trigger a civil war, but it allows Ethiopia to avoid total annexation and instead become an Italian collaborator. However, it all depends on whether or not the Italians accept or reject the proposal.
Military Communism Branch
This CommunistCommunist branch flips Ethiopia communist, but it won’t end the war. However, once the fight ends, Ethiopia can pursue an African Union.
  • A Callout to the World Sub-branch
This allows Ethiopia to appeal to communist nations abroad for aid and, after the war, assist international communists in their struggles.
  • Soviet Aid Sub-branch
This allows Ethiopia to request help from the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. After the war, they can join the Comintern and receive some Soviet investment for their industry and military.


Switzerland[edit | edit source]

Swiss national focus tree.
Main article: Swiss national focus tree

Flag of Switzerland Switzerland, with the DLC By Blood AloneBy Blood Alone, gets a unique focus tree. Without the DLC, it utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Swiss national focus tree is a single branch that can be divided into 10 sub-branches:

Swiss Guiding Principles Branch
This starts the Swiss focus tree and leads the player to many different paths, including choosing which neighbor; Flag of Germany Germany, Flag of Italy Italy or Flag of France France Switzerland would start fortifying against.
  • Ban Foreign Nazi Propaganda Sub-branch
This path appeases the DemocraticDemocratic neighbor while decreasing opinion from FascistFascist neighbors.
  • Allied Gold/ Purchase American Planes Sub-branch
This path further increases DemocraticDemocratic opinion while pushing Switzerland to no longer be neutral and joins a DemocraticDemocratic faction. If it is a chooses to become a puppet of Flag of France France, it will form the Flag of République Helvétique République Helvétique. This also forms the Flag of Alpine Confederation Alpine Confederation, regardless of which path Switzerland chooses.
  • Gotthardbund Sub-branch
This branch allows Switzerland to expand its borders by gaining claims on other Alpine states. By annexing Flag of Austria Austrian Vorarlberg, Switzerland may also annex Liechtenstein. This also centralizes power, and depending on the ideology of the Confederation President, Switzerland may become CommunistCommunist or Non-AlignedNon-Aligned. This also forms the Flag of Alpine Protectorate Alpine Protectorate if the President is Non-AlignedNon-Aligned and forms the Flag of Alpine Union Alpine Union if the President is Communist. In the end, Switzerland may turn back to how it was before, as a DemocracyDemocracy.
  • A Swiss Navy Sub-branch
If Switzerland borders the ocean, it may get bonuses while creating its navy.
  • Support Allied Espionage Sub-branch
With the La RésistanceLa Résistance DLC, Switzerland may use its spy network to help the DemocraticDemocratic alliance and may join their side in the war.
  • Promote Henri Guisan/ Frontier Defense Plan Sub-branch
At the cost of opinion with neighboring majors, Switzerland may boost its defensiveness and military capabilities.
  • Federal Police Intelligence Department Sub-branch
By creating an intelligence department, Switzerland may crack down on dissenting ideologies.
  • Purchase German Planes Sub-branch
Switzerland may appease FascistFascist neighbors while improving its airforce.
  • Closer Ties with The German Reich Sub-branch
By turning FascistFascist, Switzerland may choose Promote Tobler focus Robert Tobler and stay independent, or choose Promote Henne focus Rolf Henne and becomes a Flag of Germany German PuppetPuppet, the Flag of Schweizerische Reichsprotektorat Schweizerische Reichsprotektorat. In the end, it may also form the Flag of Alpine Supremacy Alpine Supremacy.
  • Expand Weapons Industry Sub-branch
This branch improves Swiss army and air technology


Horn of Africa nations[edit | edit source]

Horn of Africa nations national focus tree.
Main article: Horn of Africa nations national focus tree

The Ethiopian minors of the Flag of Sultanate of Aussa Sultanate of Aussa, the Flag of Benishangul-Gumuz Nation Benishangul-Gumuz Nation, Flag of Gambela Gambela, Flag of Emirate of Harar Emirate of Harar, Flag of Oromia Oromia, the Flag of Qemant State Qemant State, the Flag of Kingdom of Sidamo Kingdom of Sidamo, and Flag of Tigray Tigray gets a shared focus tree in the By Blood Alone By Blood Alone expansion. Without the expansion the minors use the Generic national focus tree instead. The only nation that is selectable at the beginning of the game is the Flag of Sultanate of Aussa Sultanate of Aussa. The others must be released from Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia.

The Horn of Africa national focus tree can be divided into 3 branches:

Develop Capital State branch
This branch develops the nation, gives bonuses to naval or air, and gives resources depending on the nation played.
The Armed Forces branch
The army branch improves the irregular infantry, gives bonuses to the army, and depending on the nation, gives a national spirit that either boosts combat ability, factory output or research speed.
The Nation branch
This branch is split into a puppet section and an independent section. the puppet section gives research bonuses as well as a research slot. The independent section is also split into two sections. The first section allows the nation make the leader of the country a field marshal as well as gain War goalwar goals on other nations within the Horn of Africa and will be able to create the Flag of Horn of Africa Horn of Africa formable nation. The other section allows alliances with foreign nations as well as sending volunteers.


References[edit | edit source]


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