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Government type:
Non-Aligned, Oligarchic


Flag of Poland Poland is a regional power in Central Europe. It is between two major powers, the Flag of German Reich German Reich and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. It is arguably the 6th strongest country in Europe during World War II.

Historical background[edit]

The Second Polish Republic (Pol: Druga Rzeczpospolita) was perhaps the sixth most powerful country in Europe in 1936, but was caught between two rising superpowers — Flag of Germany Germany under the fanatical Nazis, and the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, the epicenter of Communism Communism. Due largely to limited economic resources, Poland was unable to keep pace with the intense armament efforts of its neighbors. After being the target of Hitler's political machinations, and becoming Poland's friend while weakening the country's independence and ties with Flag of France France, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between the Soviet Union and Germany paved the way for territorial demands and, soon, war.

World War II is most often considered to have begun on 1 September 1939 with the invasion of Poland by the German Reich. Both the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, the leader of the Allies, and Flag of France France guaranteed Poland's independence, and did declare war on Germany. However, no real pressure was brought against the Third Reich. Almost 100 French divisions invaded Germany, but were ordered to halt 1 km from the thin and undermanned Siegfried Line and withdraw to their original positions in the Maginot Line. For 8 months after, the “Phoney War” of minor skirmishes and almost unreal quiet held sway as the allies did nothing. After the war, a German officer remarked that had the allies pressed their offensive then, Germany could only have held out for a few weeks.

The last divisions of the Polish Army capitulated after a month, on the 6th of October; but the Polish Government never officially surrendered. Indeed, their resistance was one of the best organized in Europe, complete with schools and a postal service. The Polish struggle continued on the Western Front with the Polish Fleet and Polish army brigades who evacuated through Flag of Romania Romania to France and thence to England.

Polish soldiers played key roles in the war including the Battle of Britain, the Battle of Narvik, and the Battle of Monte Cassino. However, the rise of the “Iron Curtain” and the West-East division of Europe negotiated between the allies and Comintern left Poland a Soviet satellite state, its true independence not to return until the fall of the USSR decades later.


Main article: Polish events

National focus[edit]

Polish national focus tree.
Main article: Polish national focus tree

Flag of Poland Poland gets a unique national focus tree as part of a free DLC. If the DLC is not enabled, Poland will use the generic national focus tree instead.

The focus tree can be divided into 5 main branches:

Central Region Strategy - The Four Year Plan
This branch offers the possibility to develop the nation's infrastructure and factories as well as enabling up to two additional research slots.
Prepare For The Next War
This branch has options to keep pace/modernize the Polish ground forces with/ahead of its neighbors.
Air Base Expansion
This branch includes focuses which grants several research bonuses to improve aircraft. The first focus of the branch adds an air base.
Develop Polish Ship Building
This branch includes focuses which grants several research bonuses that could potentially specialize or widen the range of ships available for service soon. Includes research bonus for naval doctrine advancements.
Strengthen The Polish State
This branch contains various diplomatic focuses and focuses to change the ideology of the government. This branch has mutually exclusive choices that enables the player to forge an alliance or create one of its own.


Poland starts with three research slots.

Army Technology Naval Technology Air Technology Electronics & Industry
  • Infantry Eq. I
  • Mountain Infantry I
  • Engineer Company I
  • Recon Company I
  • Great War Tank
  • Towed Artillery I
  • Towed Anti-Air I
  • Early Destroyer Hull
  • Basic Depth Charges
  • 1936 Submarine Hull
  • Basic Torpedo
  • Naval Gunnery
  • Contact Mine
  • Minelaying Submarine
  • Interwar Fighter
  • Interwar Bomber
  • Close Air Support I
  • None
  • None
  • None

Cosmetic names[edit]

Poland has many unique cosmetic names for its equipment, listed here.

Infantry & motorized techs
Type 1918 1936 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944
Support Weapons Ckm wz. 25 & Mozdzierz wz. 18 Rkm Browning wz.1928 & Granatnik wz. 36 Ckm wz.32 & Mozdzierz wz. 31 Nkm wz. 38 FK & Mozdzierz wz. 40 ST
Infantry Equipment Kb Mauser wz.98a Kbsp wz.38M wz. 38 Mors wz. 43 Blyskawica
Infantry Anti-Tank Kb Ppanc wz. 35 Ur ET-38 anti-tank grenade
Motorized Ursus A
Mechanized C4P C2P C7P
Armor techs
Tech year Amphibious Man the Guns Light (TD/SPG/AA) Medium (TD/SPG/AA) Modern (TD/SPG/AA) Heavy (TD/SPG/AA) Super-Heavy (TD/SPG/AA)
1918 Renault FT
1934 TKS 27TP
1936 7TP
1939 10TP
1941 9TP 14TP 32TP
1943 Husarz Bestia Behemot
1945 Ułan
Artillery techs
Tech year Anti-Air Artillery Rocket Artillery Anti-Tank
1934 75mm wz. 31
1936 40mm wz. 36 37mm wz. 36
1939 Haubica 100mm wz. 38 St.
1940 Armata plot. 75mm wz. 36 Armata ppanc. 47mm wz. 39
1942 Armata 155mm wz. 40
1943 NA Armata ppanc. 76mm wz. 43
Aircraft techs
Tech Year Close Air Support (Carrier) Fighter (Carrier) Naval Bomber (Carrier) Heavy Fighter Tactical Bomber Strategic Bomber Scout Plane
1933 PZL.11 (PZL. 11 Floty) Żubr
1936 Karaś (Karaś Floty) Jastrząb (Jastrząb Floty) Foka (Foka Floty) Wilk Łoś Pszczoła
1940 Sum (Sum Floty) Kania (Kania Floty) Lew Morski (Lew Morski Floty) Ryś Miś Osa
1944 Okoń (Okoń Floty) Pustułka (Pustułka Floty) Mors (Mors Floty) Lis Dzik Szerszeń
Jet Engine Technology
1945 Orzeł Borsuk
1950 Sęp Rosomak Komar


Poland starts as non-aligned, but with their unique focus tree can easily join any of the main ideologies or even try and remain neutral through the war by starting their own faction.

In the 1936 opening, Poland has to make a decision on what faction to join. In 1936, the Polish Army is stronger than the Wehrmacht so an preemptive attack can be considered especially if Flag of France France declares war after the reoccupation of the Rhine event. If Poland chooses to join the Allies it needs to be aware of the fact that the brunt of the German war effort will be placed on it. If Poland chooses to join the Axis it has the potential to destroy the USSR. If Poland decides to join the Comintern it will be able to knock out Flag of Germany Germany very early on and prevent the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union from claiming its eastern states. This course of action can be problematic if Poland joins the Axis and Germany takes the "Molotov Ribbentrop Pact" focus.


In 1936, Poland does not belong in any alliances but it can form an alliance with France via decision late 1938. By national focus, Poland can create its own faction called "Międzymorze" (mid-sea/between-seas, Latin "Intermarium", a reference to the Baltic and Black seas—at its height of power in the 16th to 17th centuries, Poland's borders stretched from the Baltic to the Black sea. Arguably, the idea of returning to that former glory is part of the national consciousness, especially in the newly re-instituted second republic of the early 20th century).



Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Volunteer Only.png Volunteer Only
  • 1.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 35% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
  • -40% Fuel Gain per Oil
  • -25% Fuel Capacity
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • +5% Research speed
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed
  • +20% Civilian intelligence to others
  • +10% Navy intelligence to others

Political parties[edit]

Political Party Ideology Popularity Party Leader Country Name Is Ruling?
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe democracy Democratic 18% Wincenty Witos Polish Republic No, but can come to power by coup.
Communist Party of Poland communism Communist 2% Władysław Gomułka Polish People's Republic No, but can come to power by coup.
Oboz Narodowo Radykalny-Falanga fascism Fascist 15% Bolesław Piasecki Falangist Poland (If Independent)/The Generalgovernement (If a German Puppet) No, but can come to power by coup.
BBWR neutrality Non-Aligned 65% Ignacy Mościcki Poland Yes
BBWR neutrality Non-Aligned --- Władysław Sikorski Poland No, but can come to power via "Fall of Warsaw" event chain.



Factories 1936
Military factory
Military Factories
Naval dockyard
Naval Dockyards
Civilian factory
Civilian Factories
9 1 17

As well as 37 free slots. 9 Civilian Factories are available for construction duty.

Total resources 1936
5(2) 0(0) 51(19) 11(2) 0(0) 0(0)

*These numbers represent the available resources for production at start of the game. In the bracket are the complete numbers including those lost for trading.



Type No.
Infantry cropped.png Infantry 28
Cavalry cropped.png Cavalry 10
Mountain cropped.png Mountaineer 2
Army experience.png Total divisions 40

The Polish Army (Wojsko Polskie) is based on large infantry divisions as well as small cavalry brigades.

  • Infantry divisions (Dywizja Piechoty) are made of 9 Infantry cropped.png infantry regiments with a Recon cropped.png cavalry recon company.
  • Mountaineer divisions (Dywizja Piechoty Górskiej) comprise 9 Mountain cropped.png mountain regiments with a Recon cropped.png cavalry recon company.
  • Cavalry brigades (Brygada Kawalerii) are made of 3 Cavalry cropped.png cavalry regiments with a Recon cropped.png cavalry recon company.

8 of the infantry divisions and all of the cavalry brigardes are at "Trained" with the rest of the army at Regular; all units suffer from equipment shortages.

Total: 30 Divisions + 10 Brigades

Manpower.png Manpower Used: 320k


Screens and Submarines 1936
2 Destroyers
3 Submarines

The Polish Navy (Marynarka Wojenna) is almost nonexistent. It is best to ignore any Naval research unless going for a World Conquest or there is nothing left to do.

Total: 5 vessels | Manpower.png Manpower Used: 1.1k

Naval units list
Name Type Count Production Techyear Design note
Wicher Class Minelayer (DD) 2 1922 DD battery I, AA I, TT I, DC I and mines
Wilk Class Minelayer (SS) 3 1936 TT I and mines

Air Force[edit]

Air force
Type No.
CAS.png Close air support 22
Fighter c.png Fighter 162

Total: 184 planes | Manpower.png Manpower Used: 3.68k

The Polish Air Force (Siły Powietrzne) is weak and it would take a lot of time to upgrade, but it is definitely worth upgrading to try and wrest air control from the Germans in 1939..

Strategies and guides[edit]

Strategy The below is one of many player suggested strategies for Poland. Bear in mind, due to the dynamic nature of the game, it may unfold differently for other players.

At the beginning of the game you can choose whether to attach to the Axis (fascism), the Comintern (communism) or to set up Międzymorze (historically the idea of ​​Marshal Józef Piłsudski), you can also go to liberalism (I do not recommend). To have a chance to defend against Germany or the USSR, the first three national goals should be Strengthening the Polish State (you can give Tomisław Łupaszko - an increase in the experience of the army or Roman Dmowski - a fascist demagogue), Polish militarism and Polish revanchism (shortens the justification of the war goal and allows to do at 10% WT, 5% gives Rhino (if France declares war, we can attack them), so it will not be a long wait). When WT is high enough you can justify first on Lithuania, and immediately after on Latvia. After a quick war, annex Lithuania and re-create Commonwealth, which gives you cores in Latvia and the western parts of the USSR (most of Ukraine, Belarus and Smolensk), and German Konigsberg and Mazury). You can then attack and annex Latvia.

Germany will sooner or later demand Danzig, it is probably wise to give it to them, as they will usually leave you alone after that. Alternatively, be prepared for a tough war, which you probably should be communist and allied with Soviet to win. The alternative is to maintain peace with Axis and fight Soviet. Form a solid defensive line with fortifications on the eastern front, and let them wear themselves out before you counterattack. After you win, you can take back your cores in Ukraine to bring back the Commonwealth to its full glory of about 60 million people, and add as many factory and resource provinces as you can.

After defeating Latvia, you can consider to create or join an alliance. The Międzymorze tends to be less useful as most states will be reluctant to join until later in the game, and the Baltic countries can be conquered and cored. I recommend (if present) the Roman Pact (the conditions are immediately met (BBWR (an independent block of cooperation with the government (created by Marshal Józef Piłsudski) is at the beginning a ruling "party", and its over 60% support is slowly falling)) Romania, the USSR makes lend-lease, but we block it with our borders, we do not join their wars, we conquer smaller countries (if we fight Germany, we can summon them, but if the Allies fight them, we will crush them, but it requires going You can also join Osizy Zaolzie (received by Czechoslovakia in Poland during (won by Poland) the Poland-USSR war) after the annexation of Czechoslovakia, but then we have to agree to the domination of the Reich. If the Roman Pact (the best option) is then we join them and go into fascism (if we are preparing for civil war (50PP) (we have Dmowski) (WE DON'T START IT !!!) we can get "fascist assault divisions "(+ manpower)), in fascist focus we have another manpower bonus, improving relations with Germany, it is also worth faster division training. If Romanians develop a "Renewal of the Polish-Romanian Alliance" then joining it gives us a guarantee from Romania, but we also give it a guarantee and she gives it to Czechoslovakia, Greece and Turkey (i.e. if these countries are attacked Romania will fight on their side, and we guarantee Romania, so we will also fight (if we conquer the Baltic States, we can agree and attack the Reich after the annexation of Czechoslovakia).


30 Minutes of Hel icon
30 Minutes of Hel
As Poland in the 1939 “Blitzkrieg” scenario start, inflict over 1,800,000 casualties to Germany to beat the 2018 PDXCON HOI4 challenge. Extra bragging rights if you do it in 30 minutes or less!
Bearer of Artillery icon
Bearer of Artillery
Gain Wojtek as commander.
Poland Can Into Space icon
Poland Can Into Space
Finish all Rocket Technologies as Poland.