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Government type:
Non-Aligned, Despotic


Flag of Portugal Portugal is a Western European minor. Its mainland is bordered by Flag of Spain Spain. Portugal has several colonies scattered around the world including Macau in China, Portuguese Timor in Indonesia, Goa in India, Sao Tome, Cape Verde, Portuguese Guinea, Angola and Mozambique in Africa.

Historical background[edit]

With a regicide in 1908 and a republican coup in 1910, the history of Portugal in the 20th century has been anything but stable. Portugal entered the first World War after interning naval vessels of the Central Powers and fought alongside the Entente on the Western Front and in Africa in its colonial holdings. Portugal's losses during the war were far more than her gains, however, political and economic instability continued into the 1920s.

In 1926, a military coup led to the rise of an authoritarian Presidential Dictatorship headed by José Mendes Cabeçadas and then Óscar Carmona, the latter appointing António de Oliveira Salazar as finance minister. The Presidential Dictatorship evolved and ended with the 1933 declaration of the Estado Novo, or "New State" regime. This new regime, with its basis in Catholic traditionalism and authoritarianism, had instead its power delegated in its new Prime Minister, António de Oliveira Salazar.

Salazar, an economist, constructed the new regime from scratch and largely rebuilt Portugal's economy and Portugal's political system. A Catholic traditionalist, Salazar developed the regime as one with a focus on conservative, nationalistic, authoritarian, and Catholic principles, as well as a staunch anti-communist stance.

In 1936, Portugal enters its third year as the Estado Novo regime, and with massive colonial holdings in Africa, as well as far-away territories such as Macau, Goa, and Timor-Leste under its grasp, the Portuguese Empire remains sizable.

National focus[edit]

Portuguese national focus tree.
Main article: Portuguese national focus tree

Flag of Portugal Portugal gets a unique national focus tree with the La Résistance La Résistance expansion. Without the expansion, it utilizes the Generic national focus tree instead.

The Portuguese national focus tree can be divided into 5 branches and 5 sub-branches:

Colonial Assimilation Policy branch
This branch focuses on managing the Portuguese colonies and their industries.
Continue the Public Works branch
This branch focuses on industry expansion in Portugal, additional research slots and land and air military research boosts.
Second Navy Reequipment branch
This branch focuses on the naval industry expansion, additional research slot and navy research boosts.
Army Reorganization branch
This branch focuses on military infrastructure and land doctrines.
Popular Front/Estado Novo branch
This branch allows Portugal to choose its ideology, ruling party, and stance about the Spanish Civil War.
Nation in Arms sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to become communist and join the Comintern.
Support the Spanish Republic sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to become communist and spread it in South America.
Strict Neutrality in the Spanish Civil War sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to go democratic and join the Allies.
Support the Spanish Nationalists sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to join the Allies, remain unaligned, join the Axis or become the Fifth Empire.
A Royal Wedding sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Portugal to become a monarchy.


Portugal starts with 2 research slots, and can gain 3 more slots from its national focuses, namely "Instituto Superior Técnico", "Military Research Facilities" and "Naval Research Institutes". Of note is "Naval Research Institutes", which requires owning over 15 Naval dockyard naval dockyards to complete.

Army technology Naval technology Air technology Electronics & Industry
  • Infantry Eq. I
  • Support Equipment
  • Engineer Company I
  • Towed Artillery
  • Towed Anti-Air I
  • 1936 Destroyer Hull
    • Basic Depth Charges
  • 1936 Submarine Hull
    • Basic Torpedo
  • Naval Gunnery
  • Transport Ship
  • Contact Mine
    • Minelaying Submarine
  • Interwar Fighter
  • Close Air Support I
  • Interwar Bomber
  • None
  • None
  • None
  • None


Portugal in 1936 is a NeutralityNon-Aligned nation with no elections.

Portugal has the following political parties:

Political party Ideology Popularity Party leader Country name Is ruling?
Movimento de Unidade Nacional Antifascista democracy Democratic 20% José Norton de Matos Portuguese Republic No
Partido Comunista Português communism Communist 10% Bento Gonçalves Maximalist Portugal No
Movimento Nacional-Sindicalista fascism Fascist 10% Francisco de Barcelos Rolão Preto Greater Portugal No
União Nacional neutrality Non-Aligned 60% António de Oliveira Salazar Portugal Yes

National spirits[edit]

Portugal starts with two national spirits with the La Résistance La Résistance expansion enabled. Otherwise it starts with none.

Unreliable Army icon
Unreliable Army
  • Division Organization: -10.0%
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -25%
  • War Support: -5.00%
  • Division Attack: -5.0%
With the constant coups and counter-coups since the implementation of the Republic in 1910, Army officers are more preoccupied with politics than with keeping discipline and promoting training in the army. The rank and file is demoralized, poorly equipped and poorly trained.
Unstable Republic icon
Unstable Republic
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.50
  • Weekly Stability: -0.50%
  • Construction Speed: -20.00%
The era of the Republic installed in 1910 was described as one of "continual anarchy, government corruption, rioting and pillage, assassinations, arbitrary imprisonment, and religious persecution". It witnessed the inauguration of nine presidents, 44 cabinet re-organisations, and 21 revolutions. Even after the Military coup of 1926, there have been several failed revolutionary attempts.


Portugal may release Flag of Angola Angola, Flag of Mozambique Mozambique and Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau as independent nations or puppets. It may also give the state of Macau to Flag of China China or Flag of Communist China Communist China, and Goa to the Flag of British Raj British Raj.

The Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom may ask Portugal to join its alliance via the “Invoke the Alliance of 1373” decision, and Flag of Italy Italy is able to influence Portugal via the Befriend Portugal focus.

Staff and designers[edit]

Political advisors
Advisor Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Fernando dos Santos Costa War Industrialist
  • Military Factory Construction Speed: +10.00%
  • Dockyard Construction Speed: +10.00%
  • Fuel Silo Construction Speed: +10.00%

Has not completed focus Popular Front

Jaime Cortesão Compassionate Gentleman
  • Improve relations opinion: +15.00%

Has completed focus Allow Free Elections

Francisco Craveiro Lopes Quartermaster General
  • Air Base construction speed: +15.00%
  • Naval base construction speed: +15.00%
  • Rocket Site construction speed: +15.00%
  • Radar Station construction speed: +15.00%
  • Nuclear Reactor construction speed: +15.00%

Has completed focus Colonial Army

Augusto de Vasconcelos Democratic Reformer
  • Daily Democracy Support: +0.10
José Hipólito Raposo Fascist Demagogue
  • Daily Fascism Support: +0.10

Has completed focus National Syndicalism

José Adriano Pequito Rebelo Financial Expert
  • Consumer Goods Factories: -5%

Has not completed focus Popular Front

Francisco da Cunha Leal Silent Workhorse
  • Political Power Gain: +15%

One of the following must be true:

  • Has completed focus Limited Self-Rule
  • Has completed focus Allow Free Elections
Bento de Jesus Caraça Financial Expert
  • Consumer Goods Factories: -5%

Has completed focus Reorganization of the Communist Party

Alberto Monsaraz National Integralist
  • Political Power Gain: +15%
  • Weekly Stability: +0.10%

Has completed focus National Syndicalism

Duarte José Pacheco Captain of Industry
  • Infrastructure construction speed: +10.00%
  • Civilian Factory construction speed: +10.00%
  • Refinery construction speed: +10.00%
Alfredo da Silva Technocrat
  • Research Speed: +5.00%
  • Civilian Factory construction speed: +5.00%
Maria Lamas Liberal Journalist
  • Political Power Gain: +5%
  • Daily Democracy Support: +0.05

Has completed focus Popular Front

João Francisco de Barbosa Azevedo Traditionalist Theorist
  • Political Power Gain: +15%
  • Daily Support for Unaligned: +0.05

One of the following must be true:

  • Has completed focus Appease Monarchists
  • Has completed focus A Royal Wedding
João de Azevedo Coutinho Fortification Engineer
  • Land Fort construction speed: +20.00%
  • Coastal Fort construction speed: +20.00%
  • Anti Air construction speed: +20.00%

One of the following must be true:

  • Has completed focus Appease Monarchists
  • Has completed focus A Royal Wedding
Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira Humble Appeaser
  • Stability: +10.00%
  • War Support: -5.00%

Has completed focus Concordat with the Holy See

Álvaro Cunhal Communist Revolutionary
  • Daily Communism Support: +0.10

Is not Supervised State

Tank designers
Designer Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Armor Company Tank Designer
  • Armor Research Speed: +15%
  • Armor: Reliability: +5%
Ship designers
Designer Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Arsenal do Alfeite Ship Designer
  • Naval Research Speed: +15%
Aircraft designers
Designer Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
OGMA Light Aircraft Designer
  • Light Aircraft Research Speed: +15%
  • Fighter:
    • Agility: +10%
    • Max Speed: +10%
  • Carrier Fighter:
    • Agility: +10%
    • Max Speed: +10%
Materiel designers
Designer Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Fábrica Nacional de Munições de Armas Ligeiras Infantry Equipment Designer
  • Weapons and Equipment Research Speed: +15%
OGME Motorized Equipment Designer
  • Motorization Research Speed: +15%

Has completed focus OGME

Fábrica de Munições de Artilharia, Armamento e Viaturas Artillery Designer
  • Artillery Research Speed: +15%

Has completed focus Portuguese Artillery

Industrial concerns
Concern Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Companhia União Fabril Industrial Concern
  • Industrial Research Speed: +15%
Electronics Company Electronics Concern
  • Electronics Research Speed: +15%
Theorist Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
José Norton de Matos Military Theorist
  • Army Experience Gain: +0.05 daily
  • Land Doctrine Research Speed: +10%
José Manuel Sarmento de Beires Air Warfare Theorist
  • Air Experience Gain: +0.05 daily
  • Air Doctrine Research Speed: +10%

Has completed focus Allow Free Elections

Manuel Ortins Torres de Bettencourt Naval Theorist
  • Naval Experience Gain: +0.05 daily
  • Naval Doctrine Research Speed: +10%



Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Volunteer Only.png Volunteer Only
  • 1.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 35% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
  • -40% Fuel Gain per Oil
  • -25% Fuel Capacity
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • +5% Research speed
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed
  • +20% Civilian intelligence to others
  • +10% Navy intelligence to others

Industry and resources[edit]

Type No.
Aluminum.png Aluminium 0
Chromium.png Chromium 32
Oil.png Oil 0
Rubber.png Rubber 2
Steel.png Steel 0
Tungsten.png Tungsten 290
Type No.
Civilian factory Civilian factory 11
Military factory Military factory 2
Naval dockyard Naval dockyard 3
Portugal has 1 civilian factory in Mozambique (unavailable at game start due to insufficient compliance), 2 in Porto, Lisbon, Guarda and Santarém and 3 in Beja. Its military factories are in Lisbon and its dockyards are in Porto and Lisbon. Guarda has 3 building slots and Porto, Beja, Azores, Madeira, North Angola and South Angola has 1 each.
Portugal has rubber in Portuguese Guinea and South Angola, tungsten in Lisbon and Guarda, and chromium in Santarém. It can acquire additional tungsten and chromium in the metropole, as well as steel, rubber, oil and aluminium in its African colonies after completing certain national focuses.


Type No.
Infantry cropped.png Infantry 15
Cavalry cropped.png Cavalry 3
Army experience.png Total divisions 18
Type No.
Destroyer.png Destroyer 6
Submarine.png Submarine 3
Navy experience.png Total ships 9
Air force
Type No.
CAS.png Close air support 12
Tactical bomber.png Tactical bomber 12
Air experience.png Total planes 24


Portugal has 15 infantry divisions, with 5 of them made up of 6 infantry battalions, support artillery and engineer companies, and 10 of them made up of 2 infantry battalions. It also has 3 cavalry divisions made up of 4 battalions each.
Infantry equipment list
Name Type Techyear
Espingarda m/04 Basic Eq. 1918
Espingarda m/04/39 Weapons I 1936
Bergmann MP28 Weapons II 1939
FBP- m/948 Weapons III 1942
Tank units list
Name Type Techyear
CDC A Great War Tank 1918
CDC-1 Light Tank I 1934
CDC-2 Light Tank II 1936
CDC-5 Light Tank III 1941
CDC-3 Medium Tank I 1939
CDC-4 Medium Tank II 1941
CDC-6 Medium Tank III 1943
TP-I Heavy Tank I 1934
TP-II Heavy Tank II 1941
TP-III Heavy Tank III 1943
TP-IX Super Heavy Tank 1943
CDC-8 MBT 1945


Portugal has 6 destroyers and 3 submarines.

Air force[edit]

Portugal has 12 interwar bombers and 12 close air support I.

Military staff[edit]

Chief of Army
Name Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Rolao Preto Army Morale (Expert)
  • Division Recovery Rate: +8.0%

All of the following must be true:

  • Has not completed focus Popular Front
  • Has not completed focus Strengthen the Regime
Domingos Oliveira Old Guard
  • Political Power Gain: +10%
  • Army Experience Gain: -10.0%
Vieira de Rocha Army Offense (Expert)
  • Division Attack: +10.0%
Júlio Botelho Moniz Army Reformer (Expert)
  • Army Experience Gain: +10.0%

Has completed focus Estado Novo

Chief of Navy
Name Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Jaime Afreixo Naval Reformer (Expert)
  • Naval Experience Gain: +10.0%
Américo Thomaz Naval Maneuver (Expert)
  • Naval Speed: +10%
Chief of Airforce
Name Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Manuel Gouveia Air Safety (Expert)
  • Air Accidents Chance: -10.0%
Humberto Delgado Ground Support (Expert)
  • Air Superiority: +10.00%
Military High Command
Name Type Effect Cost (Political Power)
Manuel Quintão Meireles Fleet Logistics (Expert)
  • Naval max range factor: +10.00%
António Óscar Carmona Army Logistics (Expert)
  • Division Attrition: -8.0%
Francisco da Costa Gomes Infantry (Expert)
  • Infantry Division Attack: +10.0%
  • Infantry Division Defense: +15.0%
José Filipe de Barros Rodrigues Artillery (Expert)
  • Artillery Attack: +15.0%
  • Artillery Defense: +10.0%

Strategies and guides[edit]

To start off, the player must annex or puppet Spain. The best time for the player to attack Spain is directly after the Spanish Civil War. While recovering from said Civil War, Spain is repairing their industry and has a low division count (After the event that gets rid of the ~50 Civil War divisions). Timing is crucial to the player, as Spain begins to pump out division quickly after the Civil War. If the player ends up missing the window of opportunity between the Civil War and Spain's recovery in division count, then the player will be incapable of expansion over land. The War should be easy, as Spain may not even have enough divisions to cover the Portugal/Spain border. The ideal time to begin Justifying a War goal is when the Civil War appears to be wrapping up. Another option is to go down the "A Royal Wedding" path in the focus tree to "Join the Carlist fight", placing an ally on the throne of Spain, and very possibly taking large chunks for yourself, should you get enough war participation. This may not give you all of the Spanish manpower, but it also decreases the risk or resistance being a problem.

Ideologically, the most optimal route would be to go Fascist or stay non aligned. If the player fights the Nationalists whilst the player are in the Axis, they have no faction to join, they get no aid (Volunteers/Lend-Lease), and the player can get German help. If the player fights the Republicans, they can potentially join the Comintern, dragging the player into a war with the Soviet Union. Assuming they have done "The Great Purge", Germany can defeat the Soviets, but the player has to manually Justify a War Goal on Poland so Germany has a land border with the Soviets. The war with the Soviets will be a long and costly slog that may last at least 3 years. Becoming Communist is an objectively bad idea. Firstly, later in the game, the player will end up at war with the Axis after Germany declares war on the Soviet Union. This will most likely lead to Germany seizing the entire Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain), and its industry with it. Secondly, war with any other country will lead to an early World War between the Comintern and (For example) the Allies. This war would cripple the Soviet Union, and, without the Soviets, the entire Comintern will fall.

The player can intervene in the Spanish Civil war, but one must be careful. If the player faces the Nationalists, they may join the Axis, prompting Italy to possibly join the war. This is less probable, however, as in a recent patch the National Spirit "Recovering From Civil War" prevents them from joining a faction. As stated earlier, and combined with this information, the best faction to win is the Nationalists. Do not, for any reason, aid the Republicans. As stated before, and early Axis-Comintern war would be a disaster, and if you do not join the allies, a war with just you fighting the Cominterm would be even more so.

The rest of this guide assumes you are Fascist and you have full control of Spain, or that you are non-aligned and have completed the focus "A royal wedding" Once Historical WW2 breaks out in Poland, Portugal can be a valuable asset to the Axis, as it leaves France's Southern flank open for attack. Once France has Capitulated, the player should mostly just aid in Germany's war operations (Operation Sealion, Operation Barbarossa, Controlling Africa, etc.)

Bonus! If the player has a sizable enough navy, you can re-colonize South America, Asia, and more. This can be achieved by Naval Invading from your colony in Guinea Bissau, taking Brazil, or taking the national focus "The Kingdom Reunited", and then moving on through South America. However, this inherently compels war with the USA, unless done through "The Kingdom Reunited" as they have guaranteed the independence of all North and South American nations other than British Canada, stemming from the historical Monroe Doctrine's prohibition on accepting further European colonization of the New World. Another option, if you don't have the ability to fight the Americans, and don't want to stay non-aligned, is to take the focus "Expand The Chinese Territory" allowing you to annex the Guangxi Clique, but be warned, they might create the Chinese United Front in response. If you can beat them, the manpower from China can propel you anywhere into the future.


BFFs icon
As Portugal, join the same faction as Great Britain.
Go Ahead, Macau My Day icon
Go Ahead, Macau My Day
As Portugal, create a collaboration government in Macau and have it own all Chinese states.