National spirit

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In the political menu, current national spirits can be seen to the right of the leader portrait.

A national spirit is a modifier that describes unique advantages or disadvantages of countries. A country can have several national spirits at the same time. They can be acquired, removed, or modified by finishing national focuses or through certain events. National spirits can be viewed in the political menu. Some countries already start with national spirits as can be seen below.

Starting national spirits

Major nations spirits

Flag of France France
Victors of the Great War icon
Victors of the Great War
  • Recruitable Population: −0.3%
  • War Support: -5%
  • Land Doctrine Research Speed: -75%
Having emerged victorious from the Great War, the army has developed a dangerously complacent attitude which causes strategic developments to come slowly and with some reluctance.
Disjointed Government icon
Disjointed Government
The state of French politics is far from stable. While reforms are needed and welcome, the nation is divided and getting drawn into a conflict would put it at great risk.
Protected by the Maginot Line icon
Protected by the Maginot Line
  • Planning Speed: −25.0%
  • Max Planning: +25.0%
Having fortified the border gives France the opportunity to plan and prepare carefully, but it does sacrifice some flexibility in the event of something unexpected.
Full Employment icon
Full Employment
We are in the enviable position of having very low unemployment, partially because of the massive bloodshed of the Great War. However, this has made it difficult for companies to find skilled workers, and the military finds it hard to compete with the labor market for recruits. Extending the draft would only exaberate the problem. We should try and find other sources of manpower to make up for the shortfall, either in recruitment or in the economy.
Political Violence icon
Political Violence
Communists and far-right extremist leagues are always ready to resort to violence to advance their political cause.
Inefficient Economy icon
Inefficient Economy
  • Factory Output: -20.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -20.00%
While still a major industrialized country, France has been left behind in terms of concentration of production capabilities. Major reforms are needed to make our economy more competitive in the global scale.

With the Man the GunsMan the Guns expansion enabled, France starts with an additional national spirit:

London Naval Treaty Signatory icon
London Naval Treaty Signatory
  • Carrier Max Cost: 9500Production cost (naval).png
  • Cruiser Max Cost: 5300Production cost (naval).png
  • Heavy Ship Max Cost: 10000Production cost (naval).png
We have signed the London Naval Treaty and accordingly are restricted in the size of our capital ships.


Flag of Germany Germany
Bitter Loser icon
Bitter Loser
  • Ideology drift defense: +50%
  • Yes.png Can create factions
Bitterness over defeat in the Great War dominates the politics of this nation.
General Staff icon
General Staff
  • Division Organization: +5%
  • Planning Speed: +25%
The German General staff was responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, including the drawing up and reviewing of plans for mobilization or campaign. This contributed to a higher level of Organization in the army.
MEFO Bills icon
MEFO Bills
MEFO bills were promissory notes created by Hjalmar Schacht to enable the government to fund rearmament, acting through the balance sheet entity Metallurgische Forschungsgesellschaft to hide this rearmament from French and British eyes. These bills must be extended for six-month periods, or their recipients will have to be paid when they fall due.


Flag of Italy Italy
Victor Emmanuel III icon
Victor Emmanuel III
  • Stability: +5%
The "Soldier King" remind the Italians of their recent victories in the Great War. His presence and their loyalty to him is a great source of unity for the people.
Vittoria Mutilata icon
Vittoria Mutilata
  • Acceptance of Communist Diplomacy: −10
  • Acceptance of Democratic Diplomacy: −10
  • Acceptance of Fascist Diplomacy: +10
  • AI Modifier: Focus on Offense: +50%
  • Justify war goal time: −5%
Our allies betrayed Italy and stabbed us in the back when they broke the Pact of London. We sacrificed so much blood at the Isonzo for their victory and they in turn denied us what was ours by right. Now Italy will take her destiny into her own hands and ensure that justice is done.

With the Man the GunsMan the Guns expansion enabled, Italy starts with an additional national spirit:

London Naval Treaty Signatory icon
London Naval Treaty Signatory
  • Carrier Max Cost: 9500Production cost (naval).png
  • Cruiser Max Cost: 5300Production cost (naval).png
  • Heavy Ship Max Cost: 10000Production cost (naval).png
We have signed the London Naval Treaty and accordingly are restricted in the size of our capital ships.


Flag of Japan Japan

Japan starts with four national spirits in the base game:

State Shintoism icon
State Shintoism
  • Factory Bomb Vulnerability: −10%
  • Division Recovery Rate: +10%
Since the Meiji Restoration we have sought to use the worship in Shinto shrines to promote imperial loyalty and aid in nation building. This has allowed us to build up a country that is ready to sacrifice much in the name of the state.
Zaibatsus icon
Zaibatsus
  • Daily Political Power Cost: +0.25
  • Trade Laws Cost: +25%
  • Economy Cost: +25%
  • Civilian factoryCivilian factory Construction Speed: +5.00%
  • Military factoryMilitary factory Construction Speed: +5.00%
  • Naval dockyardNaval dockyard Construction Speed: +5.00%
  • Consumer Goods factories: 5%
Duplicate Research Efforts icon
Duplicate Research Efforts
  • Air Research Time: +10%
Militarism icon
Militarism
  • War Support: +20.00%
  • Mobilization Cost: -25%
  • Justify War goalWar Goal time: -20.0%
  • Research Time: +5.00%
  • Civilian factoryCivilian factory Construction Speed: -10.00%

With the Waking the TigerWaking the Tiger expansion enabled, Japan starts with an additional national spirit:

With the Man the GunsMan the Guns expansion enabled, Japan starts with an additional national spirit:

London Naval Treaty Signatory icon
London Naval Treaty Signatory
  • Carrier Max Cost: 9500Production cost (naval).png
  • Cruiser Max Cost: 5300Production cost (naval).png
  • Heavy Ship Max Cost: 10000Production cost (naval).png
We have signed the London Naval Treaty and accordingly are restricted in the size of our capital ships.


Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union
Trotskyite Plot? icon
Trotskyite Plot?
  • Stability: −20%
Paranoia and pathological distrust stemming from old power struggles impact the leadership of this nation.
Home of the Revolution icon
Home of the Revolution
  • Ideology drift defense: +50%
  • Yes.png Can create factions
Comrades, with the defeat of the vile Trotskyite counter revolutionaries we were able to focus on defending the revolution. Our goal, our hope, our slogan is Socialism in One Country. We will build a bountiful socialist utopia here in the Soviet Union and the rest of the world will inevitably embrace it.


Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
British Stoicism icon
British Stoicism
  • Ideology drift defense: +50%
  • Yes.png Can create factions
If you can keep your head when all about you are losing theirs and blaming it on you, if you can meet with triumph and disaster and treat those two impostors just the same. Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it, and - which is more - you'll be a man, my son.
The War to End All Wars icon
The War to End All Wars
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -30%
With the Great War in recent memory, both the nation's people and leaders are reluctant to send another generation to die in the trenches.
King George V icon
King George V
Popular Figurehead
Stability: 15%
Rallying around the King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, as well as Emperor of India, the British people stand united and proud of their imperial legacy.

With the Man the GunsMan the Guns expansion enabled, the United Kingdom starts with an additional national spirit:

London Naval Treaty Signatory icon
London Naval Treaty Signatory
  • Carrier Max Cost: 9500Production cost (naval).png
  • Cruiser Max Cost: 5300Production cost (naval).png
  • Heavy Ship Max Cost: 10000Production cost (naval).png
We have signed the London Naval Treaty and accordingly are restricted in the size of our capital ships.


Flag of United States United States
The Great Depression icon
The Great Depression
  • Daily Political Power cost: +1.00
  • Resource Gain Efficiency: -20%
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -50%
  • Consumer Goods Factories: +30%
  • Join faction tension limit: +20%
Although a worldwide phenomenon, the Great Depression started with a stock market crash in the United States and has caused unemployment rates to soar and tax revenue to plummet. The American people and its government have enough to worry about without getting involved in another war.
Home of the Free icon
Home of the Free
  • Ideology drift defense: +20%
  • No.png Cannot join factions lead by another ideology
  • Yes.png Can create factions
USA considers itself a bastion and maybe even the cradle of democracy and liberty. Whatever they choose to be, their values are difficult to compromise, however tempting some opportunities might seem.


Together for Victory

Flag of Australia Australia
Great Depression icon
Great Depression

  • Consumer Goods Factories: 20%.
  • Stability: -10.00%
  • Factory output: -15.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -15.00%


Flag of British Raj British Raj
Princely States icon
Princely States
  • Daily autonomy progress gain: -0.1
Marginalized Muslim Community icon
Marginalized Muslim Community
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -20%
  • Stability: -10.00%
Agrarian Society icon
Agrarian Society
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -69%
The local administrators believe that their agrarian lifestyle has made a large part of the Indian population simply unfit for military service or warfare of any kind. They maintain that we should only recruit from the so-called "martial tribes". This belief is so wide-spread and well-entreched that it will require at least a generation to overcome. For the foreseeable future, we must accept that they would simply ignore any order to draft farmers.
Risk of Famine icon
Risk of Famine
The Indian system of food production is very fragile. Even a small interruption might cause a collapse.


Flag of Canada Canada
Great Depression icon
Great Depression

  • Consumer Goods Factories: 25%
  • Factory Output: −20%
  • Dockyard Output: -20%
Conscription Crisis among French Canadians icon
Conscription Crisis among French Canadians
  • Recruitable Population Factor: −30%


Flag of South Africa South Africa
Ossewabrandwag icon
Ossewabrandwag
  • Factory Output: -10.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -10.00%
Daily Fascism Support: +0.01
History of Segregation icon
History of Segregation
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -55%


Death or Dishonor

Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Škoda Works icon
Škoda Works
Factory output: +10.00%
Divided Nation icon
Divided Nation


Flag of Hungary Hungary
Treaty of Trianon icon
Treaty of Trianon
  • Recruitable Population: -0.50%
  • Military Factory construction speed -50.00%
The Treaty of Trianon is, in many ways, similar to the Treaty of Versailles, crippling our military and preventing rearmament. Seeing it altered or abolished must be our premier goal. We can do this by seeking a Rapprochement with the Little Entente, proposing the Bled Agreement, or by renouncing it altogether. The last option will be widely considered as very aggressive and may provoke a strong response.


Flag of Romania Romania
King Carol II's Lifestyle icon
King Carol II's Lifestyle
King Carol II is well known for his expensive tastes and his willingness to indulge the even more lavish tastes of his mistress. He has caused considerable scandals in the past, and will likely continue to do so unless he is replaced or shown the error of his ways.
Neutral Foreign Policy icon
Neutral Foreign Policy
  • Join faction tension limit: +100%
  • Send volunteers tension limit: +20%
  • Guarantee tension limit: +100%
  • AI Modifier: Threat receptivity: +1%
  • AI Modifier: Desire to be in or expand a faction: −100
Neutrality is sometimes viewed as a craven stance, but this nation trusts that when the dust settles, those who didn't take sides may be better off than those who did.


Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Croatian Opposition icon
Croatian Opposition
  • Stability: -30%
The political representatives of Croatia have been pushing for a federal organization of the Kingdom. Unless their demands are met, they will continue to oppose every move by the central government. They might even launch an uprising if they believe the time is right.
Macedonian Opposition icon
Macedonian Opposition
  • Political Advisor Cost: +25%
  • Trade Laws Cost: +25%
  • Mobilization Laws Cost: +25%
  • Economy Cost: +25%
The Macedonians have not quite accepted their identity as Serbs and keep demanding special rights. Political support from Bulgaria no doubt plays a role.
Slovene Nationalism icon
Slovene Nationalism
  • Production efficiency.png Production efficiency growth: -10%
Slovenes have long since wanted their own state. Although they have accepted our rule, they are not particularly enthusiastic about it. Slovene industrialists rarely invest in local businesses and seem to prefer to spend their money abroad.
Serbian General Staff icon
Serbian General Staff
  • Military Leader Cost: +50%
  • Max planning: +10%
Anti-German Military icon
Anti-German Military
  • Ideology drift defense: +5%
Factions within the Yugoslavian Air Force are opposed to cooperating with Germany. They may attempt to overthrow the regime if the country opens their borders to or enters an alliance with the Third Reich.


Waking the Tiger

Flag of China China
Communist Uprisings icon
Communist Uprisings
The tensions between communists and nationalists are present in all corners of the country. If communist support in the country goes too high, the communists will take control of a state.
German Military Advisors icon
German Military Advisors
  • Land Doctrine Research Speed: +10%
A German military mission led by Alexander von Falkenhausen is present in China, and its advisors are assisting us in bringing our army up to Western standards.

With the Waking the Tiger Waking the Tiger expansion enabled, China starts without Communist Uprisings but retains German Military Advisors. In addition, it also starts with the following:

Nine Power Treaty icon
Nine Power Treaty
We still labor under the effects of the Unequal Treaties that formalize the "Open Door Policy" towards China. The foreigners still have extraterritorial rights, and we are not in full control of our economy.
Army Corruption icon
Army Corruption
  • Mobilization speed: -30.00%
  • Division Attack: -50.0%
  • Division Defense: -50.0%
Our armed force are rife with corruption and nepotism. If we want to turn them into a potent fighting force, we will have to engage in a lengthy and expensive program of army reform.
Ineffective Bureaucracy icon
Ineffective Bureaucracy
  • Recruitable Population Factor: −35%
The chaos of the civil war has disrupted the creation of an effective state apparatus. More than a third of available recruits are not drafted, simply because no one knows they exist. Reforming the examination process will ensure that we hire competent people.
Incompetent Officers icon
Incompetent Officers
  • Daily Command Power Gain Multiplier: -70%
Our officers are not yet up to the task of managing a modern war. Hard lessons will have to be learned before they are truly equal to their counterparts in other nations. Educating them will be part of a bigger program of army reform.
Low Inflation icon
Low Inflation
  • Consumer Goods Factories: 5%
  • Factory Output: −5.00%
Our economists have noticed a slight increase in inflation. We should keep an eye on that.


Flag of Communist China Communist China
Aftermath of the Long March icon
Aftermath of the Long March

  • Factory Output: -15.00%
  • Construction Speed: -50.00%
The long retreat into Shanxi has depleted our forces, and the Yan'an Base Area is not yet ready to support a major uprising. It will take time or outside help to recover.
The peasants have suffered hard in the civil war. If we want to become accepted as the legitimate government of China, we must first win their support.
Power Struggles icon
Power Struggles

  • Political Advisor Cost: +25%
  • Trade Laws cost: +25%
  • Mobilization Laws cost: +25%
  • Economy cost: +25%
The party is internally divided about the best way to proceed. Struggles between various factions have erupted and will continue until one of them reigns supreme.
Red Army Weakened icon
Red Army Weakened

  • Army Organization Regain: -10.00%
  • Training time: +20.00%
  • Reinforce Rate: -1%
Exhausted from the Long March, our Red Army is not fit for combat just yet. We must form new units and form a new Army of Liberation.


Flag of Manchukuo Manchukuo
Banditry icon
Banditry
  • Stability: -10%
  • War Support: -10%
We are engaged in low-intensity warfare with partisans, defectors and republican terrorists. We should focus on pacifying the countryside in order to hunt these bandits down.
Kwantung Veto icon
Kwantung Veto
  • Political Advisor Cost: +25%
  • Trade Laws cost: +25%
  • Mobilization Laws cost: +25%
  • Economy cost: +25%
After the 1905 seizure of Dalian from Russia, the Kwantung (Kantō in Japanese) garrison placed there became politicized, with expansionist generals taking the initiative in seizing more land for Japan. This culminated in the Mukden Incident in 1932, when the Empire of Manchukuo was carved out of the petty warlords of the north-east. The Kwantung Army continues to dominate the area and places the interests of their generals above the needs of Manchukuo. We will only resolve this by getting the Japanese army to recognize us as equals, or by throwing them out by force.
Low Legitimacy icon
Low Legitimacy
  • Stability: -50%
  • War Support: -50%
Emperor Puyi is the legitimate descendent of the Qing emperors who ruled China for three hundred years. The Xinhai Revolution which deposed him in 1911 was very popular, as the late Qing government was powerless against both the foreigners stealing Chinese land and the regional governors establishing themselves as warlords. Emperor Puyi's installation as Emperor of Manchukuo is not yet accepted by the Manchurian populace, let alone the rest of China. We will have to establish the Emperor's independence from Japan to rally the nation under him.


Flag of Guangxi Clique Guangxi Clique
Government Corruption icon
Government Corruption
  • Political Power Gain: -10%
  • Stability: -10.00%
Ineffective Bureaucracy icon
Ineffective Bureaucracy
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.25
The chaos of the civil war has disrupted the creation of an effective state apparatus. More than a third of available troops are not drafted, simply because no one knows they exist. Reforming the examination process will ensure that we hire competent people.


Flag of Shanxi Shanxi
Government Corruption icon
Government Corruption
  • Political Power Gain: -10%
  • Stability: -10.00%
Ineffective Bureaucracy icon
Ineffective Bureaucracy
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.25
The chaos of the civil war has disrupted the creation of an effective state apparatus. More than a third of available troops are not drafted, simply because no one knows they exist. Reforming the examination process will ensure that we hire competent people.


Flag of Sinkiang Sinkiang
Government Corruption icon
Government Corruption
  • Political Power Gain: -10%
  • Stability: -10.00%
Ineffective Bureaucracy icon
Ineffective Bureaucracy
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.25
The chaos of the civil war has disrupted the creation of an effective state apparatus. More than a third of available troops are not drafted, simply because no one knows they exist. Reforming the examination process will ensure that we hire competent people.


Flag of Xibei San Ma Xibei San Ma
Government Corruption icon
Government Corruption
  • Political Power Gain: -10%
  • Stability: -10.00%
Ineffective Bureaucracy icon
Ineffective Bureaucracy
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.25
The chaos of the civil war has disrupted the creation of an effective state apparatus. More than a third of available troops are not drafted, simply because no one knows they exist. Reforming the examination process will ensure that we hire competent people.


Flag of Yunnan Yunnan
Government Corruption icon
Government Corruption
  • Political Power Gain: -10%
  • Stability: -10.00%
Ineffective Bureaucracy icon
Ineffective Bureaucracy
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.25
The chaos of the civil war has disrupted the creation of an effective state apparatus. More than a third of available troops are not drafted, simply because no one knows they exist. Reforming the examination process will ensure that we hire competent people.


Man the Guns

Flag of Mexico Mexico
Callistas icon
Callistas
The supporters of Calles are enriching themselves and abusing their power. Appointed for loyalty rather than ability, they perpetuate a patronage system which corrupts every office and rank in the country. Unless they are reigned in, ordinary Mexicans will continue to deride our ruling government as 'roboluncionarios', robber-revolutionaries.
Weak Church icon
Weak Church
Factory Output: +10.00%
The Constitution of 1917 requires measures aimed against the influence of the Catholic Church in Mexico. The Cristeros rebelled in the 1920s because of attempts to enforce those laws, but the people may now be ready for a secular state.
Oil Concessions icon
Oil Concessions
In order to exploit oil in Mexico, foreign companies have signed concession contracts ensuring that they can freely extract oil on defined territories for a prolonged period of time in exchange for payments. However the sum paid by the companies was far below the value of the oil extracted and enabled them to get a profit margin much higher than in countries such as the US, while putting the oil reserves of Mexico indirectly under foreign control.
Politicized Army icon
Politicized Army
  • Military Leaders Cost: +100.00%
  • Planning Speed: -20.0%
The rulers of Mexico have been drawn from revolutionary army officers for almost three decades. The turbulent times we went through demanded firm leadership. The question is: has the turbulence passed, or is it becoming more severe? Should we professionalize the army or allow regional strongmen - caciques and caudillos - to carve out petty fiefdoms? Generals like Saturnino Cedillo in San Luis Potosí are raising private militias to protect their power. The many rebellions launched by disatisfied officers in the past are likely to continue unless we act.
Caudillo Tensions Moderate icon
Caudillo Tensions Moderate
StabilityStability: -5.00%
General Saturnino Cedillo and the caudillos aligned to him are jealously guarding their influence. We may have to act against them if they stand in the way of the government.


Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
Wilhelmina icon
Wilhelmina
Popular Figurehead
For centuries the family of Orange-Nassau has been interwoven with the very history of the Netherlands itself. Like her forefather William the Silent in the Eighty Years' War, the current Queen, Wilhelmina, will undoubtedly prove an inspiration for Dutchmen rallying to the defense of their homeland, should their country ever be invaded.
Aloof Neutrality icon
Aloof Neutrality
  • Join faction tension limit: +100.0%
  • Send volunteers tension limit: +50.0%
  • Guarantee tension limit: +100.0%
A policy of strict Neutrality has kept the Dutch out of wars with any of its neighbours for nearly 150 years, and, above all, has kept them out of the Great War. The public's belief in their "talisman of protection" is therefore almost fervent, and the weak Dutch government finds itself unable to go against the will of the people and take a strong stand in international politics. Instead, it has resolved to put its faith in the League of Nations, and otherwise adopts an aloof attitude to world events.
Shell-shocked Spectator of the Great War icon
Shell-shocked Spectator of the Great War
  • Recruitable PopulationPopulation Factor: -50%
  • Factory Output: -25.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -10.00%
At the neutral Netherlands was the closest safe haven for refugees from the Western Front, the Dutch have been but all too close a spectator to the horrors of the Great War. As a result, a strong pacifist movement has grown to permeate large parts of the public, and presents the government with great difficulties in implementing any increase of military expenditure. Only the navy still enjoys a certain measure of prestige in the public eye.

A defensive war or a "war on pacifism" would be needed to truly rid the country of this sentiment.

De Crisisjaren icon
De Crisisjaren
Due to the peculiarities of global economics, the Great Depression has hit in the Netherlands much later than elsewhere, The Dutch decision to maintain the Gold Standard, while other nations abandoned it rather quickly, has further exacerbated the "crisis years" in the Netherlands tremendously. In keeping the Guilder from devaluating, no funds are left to aid the ailing Dutch economy, let alone improve the poor state of national defenses.

The crisis can be reduced by investing in public works, and will become largely irrelevant if we capitulate and lose control of the crisis-stricken mainland.

Weak Government icon
Weak Government
The Dutch government in recent years has been marred by weakness. It would not take much to topple it yet again.


La Résistance

Flag of Nationalist Spain Nationalist Spain
Carlism icon
Carlism
  • Weekly StabilityStability: -0.30%
  • Division Attack: -10.0%
  • Division Defense: -10.0%
  • Daily Support for UnalignedUnaligned: +0.05
In 1830 King Ferdinand VII promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction and made his daughter, the future Isabella II, heir presumptive. This act removed his brother Infante Carlos from the line of succession, and so, upon the King's death, supporters of Infante Carlos ignited a series of civil wars, uniting under the banner of Carlism and fighting for the reinstatement of the Salic line of succession.

A century later, the Carlist movement is still very much alive, and its militas, called Requetés, train unceasingly in preparation for the time where they will once more be needed to defend Christianity and champion the return of the rightful King.

Military Disloyalty icon
Military Disloyalty
  • Military Leader Cost: +100.0%
  • Cannot train units, disband units,
    or edit unit templates.
The failed "Sanjurjada" military coup attempt in 1932 still casts it shadow over the Spanish military to this day. In the aftermath, various disloyal military commanders, among them the coup's leader José Sanjurjo, fled to exile in Portugal and continue their plotting even now.

Even this failure has not discouraged disloyal officers, however, as even within Spain itself many desire to see a return to a Monarchy, or even a strong Fascist dictatorship. Too strong meddling by the government in the internal affairs of the military may well spark yet another uprising; far more violent and bloody than the last.

Political Violence icon
Political Violence
  • StabilityStability: -15.00%
  • Cannot Assign Ministers & Laws: Yes
The Spanish political scene is one of increasing polarization and violence. Only two years have elapsed since the last big uprising, the Asturias Miners' Strike, and the current political climate appears to have all the makings of a new, far larger and far less localized uprising. It seems unlikely that the upcoming elections will put an end to this downward spiral of societal unrest.
National Strikes icon
National Strikes
  • StabilityStability: -10.00%
  • Construction Speed: -10.00%
  • Factory Output: -10.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -10.00%
The country finds itself seemingly in the grips of the starting stages of a workers' revolution; strike upon strike paralyze the industry and daily life as workers demand less work and more pay, and poor tenant farmers increasingly appropriate farmland while the government turns a blind eye.

When the Spanish Civil War begins, all of the National Spirits except Carlism Carlism is removed and Nationalist Spain will obtain the following national spirit:

Death Before Surrender icon
Death Before Surrender
  • Surrender Limit: +100.00%
  • Minimum Surrender Limit: +15.00%

If the player follows the Flag of Carlist Spain Carlist path, the National Spirit Carlism Carlism will be replaced by:

Disjointed Carlist Juntas icon
Disjointed Carlist Juntas
  • Weekly StabilityStability: -0.50%
  • Division Attack: -10.0%
  • Division Defense: -10.0%

When the Spanish Civil War ends, Nationalist Spain may obtain the following national spirit:

Recovering From Civil War icon
Recovering From Civil War
  • Consumer Goods Factories: +10%
  • Construction Speed: -10.00%
  • Factory Output: -20.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -20.00%
  • Join Faction Tension Limit: +50.0%
Spain is currently focused on rebuilding the country and less willing to join a faction.


Flag of Republican Spain Republican Spain
Carlism icon
Carlism
  • Weekly StabilityStability: -0.30%
  • Division Attack: -10.0%
  • Division Defense: -10.0%
  • Daily Support for UnalignedUnaligned: +0.05
In 1830 King Ferdinand VII promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction and made his daughter, the future Isabella II, heir presumptive. This act removed his brother Infante Carlos from the line of succession, and so, upon the King's death, supporters of Infante Carlos ignited a series of civil wars, uniting under the banner of Carlism and fighting for the reinstatement of the Salic line of succession.

A century later, the Carlist movement is still very much alive, and its militas, called Requetés, train unceasingly in preparation for the time where they will once more be needed to defend Christianity and champion the return of the rightful King.

Military Disloyalty icon
Military Disloyalty
  • Military Leader Cost: +100.0%
  • Cannot train units, disband units,
    or edit unit templates.
The failed "Sanjurjada" military coup attempt in 1932 still casts it shadow over the Spanish military to this day. In the aftermath, various disloyal military commanders, among them the coup's leader José Sanjurjo, fled to exile in Portugal and continue their plotting even now.

Even this failure has not discouraged disloyal officers, however, as even within Spain itself many desire to see a return to a Monarchy, or even a strong Fascist dictatorship. Too strong meddling by the government in the internal affairs of the military may well spark yet another uprising; far more violent and bloody than the last.

Political Violence icon
Political Violence
  • StabilityStability: -15.00%
  • Cannot Assign Ministers & Laws: Yes
The Spanish political scene is one of increasing polarization and violence. Only two years have elapsed since the last big uprising, the Asturias Miners' Strike, and the current political climate appears to have all the makings of a new, far larger and far less localized uprising. It seems unlikely that the upcoming elections will put an end to this downward spiral of societal unrest.
National Strikes icon
National Strikes
  • StabilityStability: -10.00%
  • Construction Speed: -10.00%
  • Factory Output: -10.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -10.00%
The country finds itself seemingly in the grips of the starting stages of a workers' revolution; strike upon strike paralyze the industry and daily life as workers demand less work and more pay, and poor tenant farmers increasingly appropriate farmland while the government turns a blind eye.

When the Spanish Civil War fires, the above spirits will be removed and Republican Spain will obtain the following national spirits:

Death Before Surrender icon
Death Before Surrender
  • Surrender Limit: +100.00%
  • Minimum Surrender Limit: +15.00%
Disbanded Army icon
Disbanded Army
  • Division Attack: -10.0%
  • Division Defense: -5.0%
  • Planning Speed: -20.0%
  • Max planning: -20.0%
  • Maximum Command Power Increase: -50
  • Daily Command Power Gain Multiplier: -20%
The army has proven its disloyalty and has been disbanded by the government. Until we make the loyalty of our officers certain we must rely on people's militias rather than a professional army.

If the player follows the Flag of Anarchist Spain Anarchist path, Republican Spain will obtain the following national spirit:

Anarchist Society icon
Anarchist Society
Weekly StabilityStability: -1.00%

When the Spanish Civil War ends, Republican Spain may obtain the following national spirit:

Recovering From Civil War icon
Recovering From Civil War
  • Consumer Goods Factories: +10%
  • Construction Speed: -10.00%
  • Factory Output: -20.00%
  • Dockyard Output: -20.00%
  • Join Faction Tension Limit: +50.0%
Spain is currently focused on rebuilding the country and less willing to join a faction.


Flag of Portugal Portugal
Unreliable Army icon
Unreliable Army
  • Division Organization: -10.0%
  • Recruitable Population Factor: -25%
  • War Support: -5.00%
  • Division Attack: -5.0%
With the constant coups and counter-coups since the implementation of the Republic in 1910, Army officers are more preoccupied with politics than with keeping discipline and promoting training in the army. The rank and file is demoralized, poorly equipped and poorly trained.
Unstable Republic icon
Unstable Republic
  • Daily Political Power Gain: -0.50
  • Weekly Stability: -0.50%
  • Construction Speed: -20.00%
The era of the Republic installed in 1910 was described as one of "continual anarchy, government corruption, rioting and pillage, assassinations, arbitrary imprisonment, and religious persecution". It witnessed the inauguration of nine presidents, 44 cabinet re-organisations, and 21 revolutions. Even after the Military coup of 1926, there have been several failed revolutionary attempts.


Other national spirits

Flag of Finland Finland
Sisu icon
Sisu
  • Division Recovery Rate: +25%
  • Division Attrition: −10%
  • Division Attack on core territory: +20%
  • Division Defense on core territory: +20%
Sisu is the uniquely Finnish expression for the resilience of the nation's people. Finland has faced harsh odds and will do so again.


Flag of Sweden Sweden
En Svensk Tiger icon
En Svensk Tiger
  • Ideology drift defense: +10%
  • Justify wargoal time on us: +10%
If Sweden is to be like a tiger on the prowl then those who spy on us must not know what we do. In these time of conflict and strife it is the patriotic duty of every Swede to keep silent.
Neutral Foreign Policy icon
Neutral Foreign Policy
  • Join faction tension limit: +100%
  • Send volunteers tension limit: +20%
  • Guarantee tension limit: +100%
  • AI Modifier: Threat receptivity: +1%
  • AI Modifier: Desire to be in or expand a faction: −100
Neutrality is sometimes viewed as a craven stance, but this nation trusts that when the dust settles, those who didn't take sides may be better off than those who did.


Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
Neutral Foreign Policy icon
Neutral Foreign Policy
  • Join faction tension limit: +100%
  • Send volunteers tension limit +20%
  • Guarantee tension limit +100%
Neutrality is sometimes viewed as a craven stance, but this nation trusts that when the dust settles, those who don't take sides may be better off than those who did.


Generic spirits

The following spirits are more generic in nature and can apply to more than one nation (they can be found in the generic focus tree).

Collectivist Ethos icon
Collectivist Ethos
  • Daily Democracy Support: −0.02
Deterrence icon
Deterrence
  • Land Fort construction speed: +20%
  • Coastal Fort construction speed: +20%
  • Anti Air construction speed: +20%
  • Military Factory construction speed: +20%
Standing alone, we rarely benefit from war. Fortunately, we know that the best defense is one so well-known you never have to put it to use.
Interventionism Focus icon
Interventionism Focus
  • gets the rule: Yes ‘Can send volunteer forces’.
Foreign Expeditions icon
Foreign Expeditions
  • Divisions required for sending volunteer force: -50%
Ideological Fanaticism icon
Ideological Fanaticism
  • Stability: +5%
  • Division Attack on core territory:+10%
  • Division Defense on core territory: +10%
  • Yes 'Can Create Factions'.
  • Allows rule Yes Kamikaze strikes
Indoctrination icon
Indoctrination
  • Stability: +5%
Having established our ideology as based on the truth, it may be taught as truth. Education and media must reflect this lesson."
Liberty Ethos icon
Liberty Ethos
  • Trade deal opinion factor: +20%
Militarism icon
Militarism
  • Recruitable Population: +5%
  • Effect of partisans on us: -10%
  • gets the rule: Yes ‘Can send volunteer forces’.
Military Youth icon
Military Youth
  • Recruitable Population: +2%
Neutrality icon
Neutrality
  • Join faction tension limit: 100%
  • Send volunteers tension limit: 20%
  • Guarantee tension limit: 100%
Neutrality is sometimes viewed as a craven stance, but this nation trusts that when the dust settles, those who didn't take sides may be better off than those who did.
Paramilitarism icon
Paramilitarism
  • Division training time: -10%
Political Commissars icon
Political Commissars
  • Division Recovery Rate: +10%
  • Commmunist or Fascist Party Popularity: +20%
Political Correctness icon
Political Correctness
  • Foreign subversive activities efficiency: -75%
People who think correctly are much harder to influence for foreign powers.
Volunteer Corps icon
Volunteer Corps
  • Divisions required for sending volunteer force: -25%
Why we Fight icon
Why we Fight
  • Stability: +10%
  • War Support: +10%
  • Yes 'Can Create Factions'.