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Government type:
Authoritarian, Despotic


Turkey is a nation in Eurasia, mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Strategically located at the crossroads of Asia and Europe, Turkey is bordered by Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria and Flag of Greece Greece to the west, Flag of Italy Italy, the Island of Rhodes to the southwest, the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union to the northeast, Flag of France France to the southwest, Flag of Iraq Iraq to the south, Flag of Iran Iran to the east and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom in the island of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Turkey has a coastline on the Black Sea to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west.

Historical background

The Ottoman Empire entered World War I on the side of the Central Powers and was ultimately defeated. Following the Armistice of Mudros on 30 October 1918, the victorious Allied Powers sought to partition the Ottoman state through the 1920 Treaty of Sèvres.

The occupation of Istanbul and Izmir by the Allies in the aftermath of World War I prompted the establishment of the Turkish National Movement, and the Turkish War of Independence was waged with the aim of revoking the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres.

By 18 September 1922, the occupying armies were expelled, and the Ankara-based Turkish regime, which had declared itself the legitimate government of the country on 23 April 1920, started to formalize the legal transition from the old Ottoman into the new Republican political system. The republic was officially proclaimed on 29 October 1923 in Ankara, the country's new capital.

Turkey was neutral until several months before the end of the war, at which point it joined the Allies. Prior to the outbreak of war, Turkey signed a Mutual Aid Pact with Flag of France France and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom in 1939. After the German invasion of France, however, Turkey remained neutral, relying on a clause excusing them if military action might bring conflict with the USSR, which, after the division of Flag of Poland Poland, Turkey feared. Then, in June of 1941, after neighboring Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria joined the Axis and allowed the Flag of German Reich German Reich to move troops through to invade Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia and Flag of Greece Greece, Turkey signed a non-aggression pact with Germany. Turkey was an important producer of chromite, which is a key ingredient in the manufacture of stainless steel and refractory brick and Germany had limited access to it. The key issue in Turkey's negotiations with both sides was the sale of chromite to Germany or to the Allies. The Allies had access to other sources and mainly bought the chromite in order to preclude its sale to Germany. Turkey halted its sales to Germany in April, 1944 and broke off relations in August. Turkey declared war on the Axis powers in February, 1945, after the Allies made its invitation to the inaugural meeting of the United Nations (along with the invitations of several other nations) conditional on full belligerency. No Turkish troops ever saw combat.


Main article: Turkish events

The Death of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

- "The republic grieves".
War hero, revolutionary, president and Father of the Turks, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk has passed away.

He maintained his duty to the Turkish people and the republic he founded up until the very end. Thousands of mourners have paid their respects in Istanbul, before his body was transferred by caisson, ship and train to Ankara. There his state funeral was held with the entire parliament and dignitaries from all over the world in attendance.

With the father of the modern Turkish nation now gone, the republic must move on. The Grand National Assembly has elected former prime minister Ismet Inönü as his successor.'

Trigger conditions
  • Can fire only once
  • Is Flag of Turkey Turkey
    • Is Neutrality Neutral
  • Campaign start is before 1936.01.02
  • Date is after 1938.11.1
Mean time to happen
  • 30 days
  • 0.5x Date is after 1938.12.1
  • 0.2x Date is after 1939.1.1

Event button.png
Atatürk will be remembered.
  • Lose current nation leader

Other events

  • Turkey is subject to Flag of Germany Germany's "Puppet Turkey" National Focus, where Turkey will gain "Ultimatum From Germany".
  • Turkey is subject to Flag of Germany Germany's "Befriend Turkey" National Focus, where Turkey will gain opinion gain of Germany +50 , daily fascism support +0.10% and acceptance of fascism +85 ,and Turkey will join the Axis faction.
  • Turkey is subject to Flag of Italy Italy's "Claims on Turkey" National Focus, where Italy will gain Conquer War Goal against Turkey.
  • Turkey is subject to Flag of Italy Italy's "Befriend Turkey" National Focus,where Turkey will gain opinion gain of Italy +40 , daily fascism support +0.10% and acceptance of fascism +85.

National focus

Turkish national focus tree.
Main article: Turkish national focus tree

Flag of Turkey Turkey gets a unique national focus tree as part of the Battle for the Bosporus expansion. Without the expansion, Turkey utilizes the Generic national focus tree.

The Turkish national focus tree can be divided into 2 branches The first can be divided into 3 sections with multiple sub-branches within:

The Montreux Convention Branch
This branch allows Turkey to manipulate its internal politics.

The Montreux Convention Branch can be divided into 5 sections which pivot Turkey's internal politics.

  • Privatize the Anadolu Agency Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to becomeDemocraticDemocratic, integrate the Kurdish states and increase infrastructure. If Adnan Menderes is the leader, it will force a civil war.
  • The Sanayiciler Sub-branch
The industry sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to remove its Debt Council and gain foreign investments with the help of the old Great Powers and the United States. Turkey must not be CommunistCommunist.
  • Treaty of Saadabad Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to be neutral internationally, have non-aggression pacts with middle eastern nations, take the state of Hatay and either following or deny The Legacy of Atatürk.
  • Peace at Home/ Reinvigorate Turkish Nationalism Sub-branch
This non-alignednon-aligned sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to deal with the Kurdish, Kemalist and Traditionalist factions. If the Kemalist Officers have too much power and Turkey has low stability, it will start a civil war.
  • Rehabilitate the Kadro Movement Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to become FascistFascist or CommunistCommunist. It also allows the sending of volunteers to the Spanish Civil War.
Pivot to the Past Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to reform the Flag of Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire, rejoin the Central Powers, recreate Flag of Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary or create the Saadabad Concordat with other Middle Eastern nations.
Reconfigure Turkish Foreign Policy Sub-branch
This sub-branch starts Flag of Turkey Turkey's foreign relations with either the Allies, the Axis or the Comintern and is able to get bonuses from the major nations.
  • Join the Allies Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to join the Allies, gain bonuses in the airforce or navy, get war goals against Flag of Romania Romania or Flag of Iran Iran and ask Flag of United Kingdom Britain for their Middle Eastern states.
  • The Mediterranean Entente/ Join the Axis Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to join the Axis or form the Covenant of the Mediterranean with Flag of Italy Italy. The Mediterranean side of the branch allows the Flag of Bulgaria Bulgarians and Flag of Portugal Portuguese to join and the choice between war or alliance with Flag of Greece Greece or Flag of Nationalist Spain Spain. It also would give war goals against the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom, Flag of France France or the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union. The Axis path allows an alliance with Flag of Germany Germany, military bonuses and meddling in Flag of Iraq Iraq.
  • The Anti-Bolshevik Mediterranean Bloc/ Readdress the Montreux Convention Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to join the Comintern which allows military bonuses and war with Flag of Iran Iran and Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria.It also allows the formation of an alliance with Flag of Spain Spain and wargoals against the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, Flag of France France and the Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom.
  • Misak-ı Millî Sub-branch
This branch breaks Flag of Turkey Turkey's alliances to expand into the Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Flag of China China to create the Flag of Turan Turanian Empire.
Continue to Prioritize Balkan Integrity Sub-branch
This sub-branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to create an alliance with the other Balkan nations and would get bonuses that will benefit all faction members.
Learning From the Great War/ Hava Okulu Branch
This Branch allows Flag of Turkey Turkey to increase its armed force research bonus and fort construction speed.


Turkey starts in 1936 with three research slots. It can gain two additional slots from its National focuses - Extra Research Slot and Extra Research Slot II.

Army technology Naval technology Air technology Electronics & Industry
  • Basic Infantry Equipment
  • Weapons I
  • Mountain Infantry I
  • Destroyer II
  • Light Cruiser I
  • Battle Cruiser I
  • Battleship I
  • Submarine I
  • Transport Ship
  • Interwar Fighter
  • Close Air Support I
  • None
  • None
  • None
  • None


National spirits

Turkey starts with three national spirits with the Battle for the BosporusBattle for the Bosporus expansion enabled. Otherwise it starts with none.

Kemalist Officers icon
Kemalist Officers
The Turkish officer corps are some of the staunchest protectors of Kemalist values. Kemalism remains challenged as an ideology, but the officer corps stand ready to assist the goverment in all manners concerning the protection of the state.
Sectarian Woes icon
Sectarian Woes

  • Turkey's internal divisions are represented geographically through State Modifiers: the Kemalists can be found in the west and in the north, the religious Traditionalists can be found in the central hinterlands as well as in the south, while the Kurdish people can be found in the south-east of the nation.
  • Interactions with the different Factions can be accessed through the Decisions Tab, as well as through some Focus Effects and Event Options.
Turkey is beset by internal divisions that are drawn across ideological, religious, and ethnic lines. The Kemalists hope to turn Turkey into a secularized state, but there is a large percentage of the population who are fundamentally opposed to the very concept of secularism. In the east, the Kurdish people have caused a great deal of trouble for the Turkish government and seem determined to go the way of rebellion over assimilation. To mend the internal divisions of our country, we will either need to approach these issues with a gentle hand or an iron fist.
Disorganized Armed Forces icon
Disorganized Armed Forces
  • Fleet Coordination: -15%
  • Divisions speed: -10.00%
  • Divisions Organization: -8.00%
  • Air Accidents Chance: +15.0%
  • War supportWar support: -15.00%
  • Training time: +25.00%
  • Minimum training level: +10%
The Turkish Armed Forces is young much like the country of Turkey itself. Even though our armies emerged from the War of Liberation victorious against the Entente and the Ottomans, our nation paid the price for freedom in blood. There has been little to no enthusiasm for war after losing nearly a quarter of our population in the Great War, but with the spectre of war looming over the world once again ti seems that we will have no choice but to either modernize our forces fast, or ensure that the war never reaches our borders.

Political parties

Party Name Party Ideology Party Leader Popularity
Müstakil Grup democracy Democratic Celâl Bayar 6%
Türkiye Komunist Partisi communism Communist Şefik Hüsnü 0%
Faşist Konsey fascism Fascist Mehmet Recep Peker 0%
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi neutrality Non-Aligned Mustafa Kemal Atatürk 94%


neutrality Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi

  • No Can force government of another country to adopt the same ideology.
  • No Can puppet a country.
  • Generate war goal tension limit: +50%
  • Lend-lease tension limit: +40%
  • Send volunteers tension limit: +40%
  • Guarantee tension limit: +40%
  • Join faction tension limit: +40%
  • Ideology drift defense: -30%

Staff and Designers

Political Advisors
Advisor Type Effect Cost
Pertev Naili Boratav Communist Revolutionary
  • Daily Communism Support: +0.1%
150 Political power.png
Nihal Atsız Fascist Demagogue
  • Daily Fascism Support: +0.1%
150 Political power.png
Abbas Cevat Democratic Reformer
  • Daily Democracy Support: +0.1
150 Political power.png
Hassan Saka Ideological Crusader
  • Same ideology opinion: +20.0%
150 Political power.png
Kâzım Özalp War Industrialist
  • Military Factory Construction Speed: +10.0%
  • Dockyard Construction Speed: +10.0%
150 Political power.png
Mümtaz Okman Captain of Industry
  • Civilian Factory construction speed: +10.0%
  • Infrastructure construction speed: +10.0%
  • Refinery construction speed: +10.0%
150 Political power.png



The nation starts with the following laws:

Conscription Law Economy Law Trade Law
Limited Conscription.png Limited Conscription
  • 2.5% Recruitable population
Civilian Economy.png Civilian Economy
  • 35% Consumer Goods factories
  • –30% Factory construction speed
  • +30% Factory (type) conversion cost
  • -40% Fuel Gain per Oil
  • -25% Fuel Capacity
Export Focus.png Export Focus
  • 50% Resources to market
  • +5% Research speed
  • +10% Factory/Dockyard output
  • +10% Construction speed
  • +20% Civilian intelligence to others
  • +10% Navy intelligence to others

Industry & Resources

Type No.
Aluminum.png Aluminium 0
Chromium.png Chromium 344
Oil.png Oil 0
Rubber.png Rubber 0
Steel.png Steel 20
Tungsten.png Tungsten 0
Type No.
Civilian factory Civilian factory 10
Military factory Military factory 4
Naval dockyard Naval dockyard 1


Type No.
Infantry cropped.png Infantry 21
Cavalry cropped.png Cavalry 3
Mountain cropped.png Mountaineer 3
Army experience.png Total divisions 27
Type No.
Destroyer.png Destroyer 6
Light Cruiser.png Light cruiser 2
Battlecruiser.png Battlecruiser 1
Submarine.png Submarine 5
Navy experience.png Total ships 14
Air force
Type No.
CAS.png Close air support 16
Fighter c.png Fighter 45
Air experience.png Total planes 61
Turkey's army is bigger than all of its neighbors except the Soviet Union and France.

Manpower.png Manpower Used: 228.00K

Infantry equipment list
Name Type Techyear
Mauser 93 Basic Eq. 1918
M38 Kirrikale Weapons I 1936
STEN MkII Weapons II 1939
ZB vz 26 Weapons III 1942
Turkey has a better navy than Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia, and Romania which can be very useful when navally invading. But it is also much smaller than its counterparts in Italy, France, and the UK which have navies stationed near Turkey and can be a big problem.

Manpower.png Manpower Used: 7.50K

Air force
Turkey has a bigger airforce than Greece, Bulgaria, and Iraq

Manpower.png Manpower Used: 1.22K

Strategies and guides

Turkey begins in 1936 as a very powerful country compared to their neighbours. Due to the large military and medium-sized navy to their neighbors, following the Industrial branch of the default focus tree is imperative for a successful army. Construction technology is specifically important, so using your 3 research slots for the industrial technologies is a good idea. After building up your civilian factories, military factories should be constructed. Since Turkey normally does not join a faction, you have enough time to build up. Focus on Greece first since you two have unfinished business since 1922. You will get nice factories and resources from Greece, then focus on Iraq for oil, then Bulgaria and Yugoslavia if they aren't guaranteed and world tension is low, unless Germany or Italy attacked them first. You can join either the Axis, Allies or Comintern but the Axis faction is advised. You can get French and British colonies in Middle East and Saudi Arabia and Yemen you lost in World War One. Then you can finally reform the Ottoman Empire again, this will give you cores on Iraq, Libya, Tunisia, the Dodecanese, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine. You're a vengeful, powerful country now so it's all up to you how you proceed from after this.


Hardly Anything Sèvres icon
Hardly Anything Sèvres
As the Ottoman Empire, hold the capitals of France, the United Kingdom, Italy, and Japan.
I Captured the Bosporus and All I Got Was This Lousy Achievement icon
I Captured the Bosporus and All I Got Was This Lousy Achievement
As Greece or Bulgaria, own both sides of the Bosporus. As Turkey, subjugate both Greece & Bulgaria.
Nobody’s Business but the Turks icon
Nobody’s Business but the Turks
Restore the Ottoman Sultanate.
One Nation Under Atatürk, Indivisible icon
One Nation Under Atatürk, Indivisible
As non-aligned Turkey, have zero negative state modifiers.
We’re Putting the Band Back Together icon
We’re Putting the Band Back Together
As Turkey, be in a faction with Germany and Austria-Hungary